Businesses may need to issue a warning telling customers that there is a potential cancer risk associated with their morning jolt from Java. The court said in a statement on Wednesday that the companies "meet their burden of proof on their alternative significant risk-level non-affirmative defense," and ruled against them.
Cazlifornia keeps a list of chemicals it considers possible causes of cancer. One of them is acrylamide, which is produced when coffee beans are roasted. The chemical stays in the coffee you drink, which the dish calls a "high amount".
A lawsuit filed in the Supreme Court of Los Angeles County in 2010 by the nonprofit Council for Education and Toxicology has targeted several companies to sell coffee. The lawsuit demanded damages and a label to warn consumers.
"It's not a final decision yet, but I think that's big news and I'm very relieved after 8 years of work," attorney Raphael Metzger said. "It's a good day for public health."
The original court documents state that companies are known under the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1
986, also known as Proposition 65, to provide their customers with "clear and reasonable warning" about the presence of high levels of this chemical, which is toxic and carcinogenic and may affect the health of a drinker – and that these businesses did not.
The coffee companies argued in court that the level of acrylamide in coffee should be considered legally safe and the health benefits of coffee outweigh the risk. The court did not agree.
At least 13 of the defendants had settled before making this decision and were prepared, according to Metzger, to give a warning, including 7-Eleven. The other coffee companies, including Starbucks, were waiting for a court decision.
"Coffee has repeatedly shown itself to be a healthy beverage." This proposition has Prop 65 contemptible Over the years, much research has been done, and research has shown that it offers several health benefits, including lowering the risk of early death. It can reduce the risk of heart disease, multiple Sclerosis, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's and even some cancers such as melanoma and collapse However, a review by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a branch of the World Health Organization, found that drinking very hot drinks "probably carcinogenic to humans" due to burns the esophagus is chem acrylamide
The wi A scientific study on the relationship of the chemical to a variety of cancers in the Journal of Nutrition and Cancer is still needed for a scientific study on the exposure of humans to acrylamide
In addition to coffee, acrylamide may be used in potatoes and baked goods such as crackers, breads and biscuits, cereal, black canned olives and plum juice, though its presence is not always featured. It is in some food packaging and is a component of tobacco smoke. According to the National Cancer Institute, people are exposed to "significantly more acrylamide from tobacco smoke than from food."
In 2002, the International Agency classified for cancer research Acrylamide as a group 2A carcinogen for humans based on studies on animals. Human studies have found "no statistically significant association between the intake of acrylamide and various cancers," according to the 2014 research report.
In some additional studies, an increased risk of renal, ovarian and endometrial carcinomas was observed. "Exposure assessment, however, was inadequate, which could lead to potential misclassification or underestimation of exposure," states the 2014 research review.
Even the studies showing cancerous compounds between acrylamide in rats and mice used doses "1,000 to 100,000 times higher than the usual amounts, on a weight basis, that people are exposed to from food sources, "says the research report.
People also think that absorbing acrylamide at different rates and metabolizing it differently from rodents has been shown by previous research. 19659011] The report of the National Toxicology Program on Carcinogens considers acrylamide to be "reasonably carcinogenic to humans".
The Food and Drug Administration website says it is "still in the information gathering stage" on the chemical, but the FDA gav Consumers have suggested ways to reduce the diet. The FDA has also provided guidance to the industry to suggest a number of approaches that companies could take to reduce acrylamide levels. The recommendations are just a guide and according to the website "not required". California added acrylamide to its carcinogen list in January 1990, and the state has successfully brought companies to court.
The California Attorney General cleared lawsuits against Heinz, Frito-Lay, Kettle Foods, and Lance Inc. when the companies agreed to reduce acrylamide to potato chips and French fries.
In 2007, fast food restaurants in California released acrylamide warnings about French fries and paid court fines and costs for not publishing the warnings in previous years
"We have a huge cancer epidemic in this country, and about a third of cancers depend on it with the diet together, "said Butcher. "As we get carcinogens out of the food chain, we can logically reduce the cancer burden in that country, that's what it's about."
Companies now have time until 10 April to file an objection to the proposal, Metzger said, and then there should be a final decision. A judge will then help to decide what the penalties and remedies should be if companies do not settle before then.