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Cold, cruel, confrontational: Alabama inaugurations, burdened by history

Pomp, parades, incendiary bombs and bitter cold characterize the Alabama Gubernatorial inaugurations of the last 200 years.

The most famous opening speech in US history took place in 1963, when Governor George Wallace at the head of the state of Alabama stood in his microphone: "Separation now, tomorrow separation, forever separation."

In this century, the inaugurations in Alabama have long been removed from the Wallace days and offer far more picturesque symbolism than angry talk.

There are parties, donors and pageant. It's by no means relevant, "said Allan Lichtman, a professor of history at the American University in Washington, DC, who became nationally known for his political predictions and appearances on Fox, MCNBC, and CNN.

Newly elected Governor Kay Ivey The oath of office will be taken on Monday at 1

0 am at the Capitol Stages, in the presence of state officials and a series of news cameras flitting the proceedings from one end of Alabama to the other, and she will stand before the crowds at the colorful parade on the Dexter Avenue has to speak.

Jess Brown, political science professor at Athens State University, heard numerous opening speeches at the time. "Some of them were quite predictable and cookie cutters," he said.

What does he expect from He said: "If she has anything to do – given the current political environment – she must speak in her speech Say things to build bridges. "It will be important to Brown," said Brown, "the full spectrum of Alabama.

Last Controversies

But no one expects a drama, at least not from the Wallace variety, nor like the dust clouds involving Bob Riley and Robert Bentley. 19659002] As one may recall:

– The establishment of Riley's first inauguration on January 20, 2002 included controversy over the event, which coincided with Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Day.

The city of Montgomery issued parole permits for two people on that day: one welcoming Riley and another honoring the king.

Democratic Republic MP Alvin Holmes, then chairman of the Royal Celebration, sought an agreement with Riley's team to cancel the royal parade if, among other things, 92-year-old civil rights leader Johnnie Carr He was allowed one during the inauguration of Riley King Grant tribute.

Riley agreed and the controversy faded.

-Bentley fell into hot water immediately after his inauguration ceremony in 2011, when he spoke in Dexter Avenue King, the former church of King, Memorial Baptist.

Bentley said in his remarks, "Anyone who today has not accepted Jesus Christ as His Savior, tell you, you are not my brother and you are not my sister and I want to be your brother. "

" The backlash was fast, "recalls Phillip Rawls, a professor of journalism at Auburn University, who spent 35 years at Alabama's The Associated Press policy, with Bentley's apologies written by then communications director Rebekah Caldwell Mason, who told the media that Bentley would be "the governor of all people."

Rawls said that Bentley's second inauguration on January 19, 2015 differed markedly from the 2011 event.

"We have first Rawls said, "At the first inauguration, the Bentleys went separate at their" Thank You, Alabama "event at the Cramton Bowl Multiplex behind the Capitol around. "

Rawls recalled," Most people thought that Mrs. Bentley preferred to be alone after her own fall hlte four years in the spotlight, and the Bentleys moved apart, so that they could spend with more people for pictures. We later found out that they already had problems.

At this point, Bentley was apparently already involved in a romantic affair with Mason, which would lead to his resignation by 2017, and the lead to Ivey's rise from the lieutenant governor.

Striking Promises

The recent inaugurations brought some striking promises of incoming governors.

In 1999, Don Siegelman, the last Democrat to hold office, said the government would "dare big things." Only a few months later he tried to complete a state lottery, but voters refused.

In 1979, Fob James took his first opportunity to distance himself from Wallace.

Rawls said the James speech is one of the "boldest" he has heard. James spoke of a "fresh start" that was his campaign motive, "free from racism and discrimination".

"He emphasized that in his inaugural speech he used the name Martin Luther King to draw a line between the time of Wallace and James. Time, "said Rawls. "Of course, James did not run for re-election at the end of his first term, and Wallace returned for a fourth term."

Wallace's Fourth and Final Appointments In 1983, "the most inconspicuous of me was covered," said Rawls, a stubborn Wallace who was plagued by pain and wheelchair work, gaining a fourth term of office and African-American directors thanks to strong support from black voters

"He had no parade and kept the festivals to a minimum to reflect the tough economic times," said Rawls. "In hindsight, the reserved dedication probably also reflected his health problems and his inability to to attend a long day of events. "

Historical Address

Wallace's first founding works from 1963 are still heard in the history books that symbolize the white reviling of the South of the Civil Rights era , envelop the Old Confederacy quickly This speech was written by Asa Carter, a clan leader in the 1950s who later wrote popular western novels under a pseudonym.

Retired Professor Brown marched that day as a trumpeter at Handley High School in the opening Parade Band. "We did not pay much attention to the speech," Brown said.

But he paid much attention to his scientific years.

Wallace made his "stand in the door of the schoolhouse" five months after his inauguration, "temporarily blocking the way to the Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama to oppose the admission of African-American students

Vivian Malone and James Hood.

In today's Boston, Brown says he's exposing John F. Kennedy to President. The library highlights Kennedy's initiatives to promote civil liberties. "Among the black-and-white video clips they play is one Clip of Wallace during his inauguration, "he said.


Even before Wallace, the race could be inaugurated in Alabama

Gov. John Patterson defeated Wallace in 1958 by defeating him painted gently on segregation During Patterson's inauguration in 1959, he refused to march black bands into the parade.

"His inauguration was completely separate", said Derryn Moten, chairman of the Department of History and Political Science at Alabama State University in Montgomery.

Patterson, Alabama's oldest ex-governor at the age of 97, has made apologies and regrets for his decision.

In 1894, according to Wayne Flynt, a distinguished author and emeritus professor at Auburn University, racial tensions and the suspicion of political trickery almost led to the founding of William Oates.

Oates, an officer of the Confederacy during Gettysburg, won the governor's race in August 1894, partly because of stuffed ballot boxes in the state's "black belt". Region. When the inauguration day took place on 1 December 1894, the defeated candidate Reuben Kolb and about 200 supporters marched up Dexter Avenue in the direction of the Capitol to be quickly hit by the state militia.

"Kolb's supporters crossed Bainbridge Street, where they decoupled the mules from a cart, the Kolb with the cries of" Come on, Captain, they can kill you, but you'll go down in history as a martyr of the populist thing! " "Flynt said

" After a long pause and surrounded by various democrat-controlled armed police and militias, Kolb called on his supporters to demand electoral reforms guaranteeing honest elections in Alabama and urged them not to pay taxes before such reforms have been adopted, but also to avoid violence.

The Angry The supporters soon dispersed and, as Flynt said: "What could have been the inauguration that ended in a shootout in the Capitol, quietly passed into the history of Alabama."

Celebrities, cold weather [19659002FortheparticipantsDerminationsincludedthemostintenseremembranceofoneoftwothings-celebrityandbittercold

"It was the coldest I've ever been in my life," said Republican Jim Zeigler, who is sworn in as state examiner on Monday for another four years. He referred to the first inauguration, which he visited in 1967 at a member of the marching band of Sylacauga High School when Lurleen Wallace was sworn in.

Wallace's wife, Wallace's wife, was the first woman to be elected governor of Alabama until Ivey defeated Walt Maddox in the parliamentary elections in November.

"My trumpet froze and would not play," Zeigler said about the afternoon of 1967.

"Traditionally, the inauguration day in Alabama was the coldest day of the year," said Zeigler, adding that temperatures for Ivey's inauguration on Monday are temperatures in the low 50s.

At the inauguration of Seigelman in 1999, Jimmy Buffett, a son of Mobile, sang "Stars Fell on Alabama." In 2003, Riley gave the first inauguration, Randy Owen of The Country Music Group Alabama Sang " My Home in Alabama. "

At the second inauguration of Riley, US Senator John McCain of Arizona sat in the front row in 2007 watching a portion of the parade, and McCain was the leading Republican at the time The speculation on that day focused on whether Riley would be his vice-presidential candidate.

When "Big" Jim Folsom was founded in 1947, his name was di e band "The Strawberry Pickers" provided the music for the opening ball. The band helped boost Folsom's populist image, and its inauguration attracted a massive crowd of 100,000 to Montgomery. In 1994, the book "Alabama, The History of a Deep Southern State" co-written by Flynt describes Folsom's great day as "Jacksonian initiation for the common people", in which black voters gladly participated.

"A lot of ordinary people came out of the back hills," said Waymon Burke, a professor of political science at Calhoun Community College. "It was like the inauguration of Andrew Jackson (1829), they were not used to such people In modern times, the Folsom inauguration, I think there were people who considered themselves ordinary people. "

Symbolism and Opportunity

The events of Monday in Montgomery seem unlikely to be large Crowd to Montgomery.

"Today, for obvious reasons, they are less significant, and people are crowded with political news from the cable networks, regular networks, newspapers, and countless Internet sites," Lichtman said from the American University. "Previously, Americans received their news from some networks and local newspapers, as well as from some national newspapers In most of our history, people have never seen or heard anything from their governors. Inaugurations were both important and symbolic events and an event to get an impression and information from their leaders. "

This year there were some initiations that included signs of symbolism or some personality and uniqueness. In Colorado, the Democratic governor Jared Polis, the first openly gay governor of the United States was awarded a "Blue Sneaker Inaugural Ball" a historic day. Polis is known for wearing sneakers with suits.

In Wyoming, former Senator Alan Simpson He provided humor by giving some advice to incoming Republican Governor Mark Gordon: "Never beat a guy who chews tobacco."

In Wisconsin, the newly elected Democratic governor used Tony Evers makes his opening speech to get voters to set aside political interests and interests "Working together to solve problems." His speech came after the Republican legislator approved a package of bills during its lame duck session aimed at restricting its power to do a number of things while in office.

And in California Governor Gavin Newsom caused a stir when he described President Donald Trump as incompetent and corrupt during his inaugural address. Newsom also hosted an opening ball featuring several entertaining acts, including rapper Pitbull and Common, rock band X Ambassadors, and Australian singer Betty Who.

Ivey's first party in Gulf Shores featured country musician Neal McCoy on Saturday.

It is unclear whether Ivey will have remarkable personalities in Montgomery on Monday.

David Hughes, professor of political science at Auburn University in Montgomery, said he is more interested in hearing what Ivey has to say and whether the new governor will do so as to how they will be on their agenda in 2019 concentrate.

"Prior to her election, her leadership style could be largely referred to as" join-in attendant, "Hughes said, since then, referring to Ivey's 2017 mantra" stabilizing the ship "of the Alabama government since Bentley's departure.

Many assume that Ivey will not stand for re-election (in four years), "he added." If so, then you expect her to show some more independence during this (legislative) session One of the best opportunities is to scrutinize public policies, and legislators will be curious to see what their ambitions are. "

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