Spend 13 to 14 times a century. Today will be one of them. The small rocky planet will be on the bright solar disk for about five hours from the view of the Earth dwellers. The next will take place in November 2032.
Mercury, the planet closest to the sun, and the fastest of them all – it turns every 88 days around the sun – are occasionally seen. The same is true for Venus, but this is an even stranger event, the next will be in 2117.
This astronomical event can be watched from Colombia, but if you do not have the right instruments, it is better not to look directly at the sun.
The Medellín Planetarium proposes a family plan to observe this special telescope transit, but makes it clear that this depends on climatic conditions (see report).
No tools to enlarge it. Appropriate filters, this tiny dot will not go over our star, because Mercury occupies only 1
Remember that Galileo Galilei was blind when he looked through a telescope directly into the sun. If you do not have protective screens for your binoculars or the telescope, you better not try to observe this relatively rare phenomenon. Another alternative is to buy a No. 14 Welding Filter and install it on your observation equipment. Enrique Torres Astronomer and propagator of the Medellín Planetarium, stated on its official website that "unreliable filters such as photographic negatives, X-rays or smoky glass" or other home-made methods do not work and expose you to burns. In the eyes irreparable.
Torres stated, "If Mercury and Earth orbit in the same plane, we would see that they migrate through the solar disk every 116 days. This is the time when this planet is between the sun and the earth. This is also called inferior conjunction and occurs about three times a year. "
However, the orbits of both planets are not oriented so that mercury flows above or below the Earth most of the time. If they do not match, there is no traffic.
He also asserted that "the Earth crosses the line of Mercury orbit nodes every year on May 8th and 9th, as well as on November 10th and 11th". So if for these data a lower conjunction coincides, voilà ! There will be transit. Mercury typically passes through the solar disk about 13 times per century at intervals of 3, 7, 10, 13 years.
From 7:36 in the morning. According to NASA data, this phenomenon can be observed until 13:04 clock. At this point, you could even explore the real-time photos that this North American agency will publish on this portal: mercurytransit.gsfc.nasa.gov.
However, if you decide to leave the house and see the phenomenon in society, click The Planetarium will also be able to hear the stories of Jorge Zuluaga – the astronomer Paisa, who used an asteroid bearing his name – in which he tells the implications that Mercury had for Albert and Mileva Einstein – formulates his famous Theory of General Theory of Relativity.
Zuluaga says that "the study of the Transits of Mercury, Urban Leverrier in 1859, discovered that mercury on each turn did not reach the same point it started." Explains that according to the geometrical laws of Isaac Newton (19459007), it was to return to the same place, but instead was displaced by about 4 kilometers. (19659002) During the first great triumph of the Theory of Relativity General evidence was provided that the perihelic shift (more nearer point) of Mercury can only be fully explained with a spatiotemporal gravitational theory by another planetary phenomenon is examined in which the theory achieved remarkable level of recognition.  The astronomer refers to the total solar eclipse of 1919, which became 100 years old in May. Once humanity understood that the Earth was round and its relative size was known, it became possible for eclipses to be tools for calculating phenomena in the sky, and even the geocentric model in which the earth is the center of the universe heliocentric model in which the planets revolve around them. Discussions about the shape, size and movement of the earth took more than two millennia.
Do not miss this phenomenon on YouTube or in your friends' home. The eclipses, beautiful curiosities, have been of great relevance in the history of astronomy.