China celebrates 70 years of Communist rule Tuesday with a parade of tanks, missiles and troops. Muscular evidence of the country's increasing superpower status, though faced with an unprecedented challenge to seize its authority in Hong Kong.
Beijing authorities have closed roads, banned flying kites, and closed some bars as they tightened security for an event that made China's trip from a war-torn and poverty-ridden country to the world's second-largest economy.
The massive military parade will roll across Tiananmen Square under the gaze of President Xi Jinping, the country's most powerful leader since Mao Zedong, who founded the People's Republic of China on October 1
New weapons – including According to Parisian analysts, a hypersonic drone and an ICBM that can cover the US are expected to make their public debut.
"Unity is iron and steel, unity is a source of strength," Xi said in a speech on Monday night.
But behind the projection of strength in the close-knit event, Xi faces a series of challenges that test his ability to maintain economic and political stability at h domestic and overseas.
"The party hopes this event will increase its legitimacy and support in times of internal and external challenges," said Adam Ni, a Chinese researcher at Macquarie University in Sydney, told AFP.
The US trade war negotiations have been protracted and African swine fever has plagued the country's pork supply and boosted pig prices on Tuesday with its own rally against what they see as eroding their special freedoms.
On Monday evening, they formed human chains with green frog plush toys that symbolized the protests of the summer.
The frog named "Pepe" is widely used in Hong Kong protest memes, which appear in endless posters and stickers for smartphone messages, even with the faces of the territorial leader Carrie Lam.
"We use this frog in our communication, we mock the government." said Dorothy Chan, who had participated in the protest.
China celebrates 70 years of communist rule
Hong Kong has been involved in the worst rioting for months since returning to riot police and Chinese rule in 1997. Demonstrators are leading battles on the street.
The authorities have rejected a permit submitted by protesters for a planned march, but demonstrations are expected throughout the city.
The police announced Monday that they had a "very serious violent assault" on the anniversary of MTR subway station closing some flashpoint stations while several major shopping centers announced their closure.
In a similar arrangement to the July 1 anniversary of the city's transfer from Britain to China – as protesters scrutinized the legislature – guests attending the traditional ceremony are moved indoors.
The change is to "ensure that the ceremony can be performed in a solemn and orderly manner". The city's Department of the Interior told Reuters:
In an obvious olive branch, Xi pledged on Monday that one country, two sets of system guidelines in which Hong Kong residents enjoy unseen liberties on the mainland, would "fully and faithfully implement"  Scott Heidler of Al Jazeera said the authorities did not want events to be overshadowed while demonstrators wanted to use the opportunity to bring their message home.
"It's very, very This day is generally important for the People's Republic of China, but especially for Xi Jinping," he said. "He has really pushed this" one China "policy in his leadership, and what we have seen here in Hong Kong with these demonstrators is against it."
The government of embattled Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam has already canceled the annual fireworks display over the port, citing concerns of public safety.
Lam traveled to Beijing on Monday to celebrate China's birthday on the mainland. There she will join the grandstands of the Communist Party and other invited guests to watch 15,000 troops marching over Tiananmen, 580 military equipment rumble across the square and 160 aircraft roar over their determination to protect their interests, "said Ni.
The Communist Party has repeatedly resisted the chances of remaining in power for seven decades.
Mao died during the catastrophic Great Leap in front and of During the 10-year Cultural Revolution, the country was in a violent chaos.
After Mao died in 1976, the party initiated the reform and opening policy according to para. 1 The mountain guide Deng Xiaoping began decades of rapid growth and rapid development
The Communist Party (CCP), however, kept power under control and sent troops to capture the largest H to end their reign in 1989, when democratic demonstrators occupied Tiananmen Square.
When Xi takes the podium on Tuesday to speak in front of the nation at the parade, he will likely address his "Chinese Dream," the "rejuvenation" of a nation in search of a return to past glory.  The party intends to show on Tuesday that "China is making progress under the leadership of the CCP to become a rich and powerful country," said Bonnie Glaser, senior Asia adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.
The Chinese leader has made it clear that only the Communist Party can believe that the country can realize its dream – with it at the head.