Glimmers of hope and new challenges as the world struggles to fight back the virus.
The gloomy, dragging news of the global struggle with the corona virus is acidified by occasional signs that the spread of the scourge could slow down.
While British Prime Minister Boris Johnson remained in intensive care on Tuesday morning, New York officials were cautiously optimistic that the state and the city could reach a turning point, and Italy again reported a lower daily death toll. China, where the pandemic started late last year, claimed its first day since January with no coronavirus deaths.
But from London to New York, officials warned that bans and social detachment would have to persist for some time to ensure that the first signs of success were not swamped by a resurgence of the pathogen.
Investors around the world have decided to focus on the upward trend. Wall Street rallied on Monday, and profits are expected to continue on Tuesday as global stocks rise.
In Asia, markets rose on news that Japan would spend around 20 percent of its gross domestic product on stabilizing its economy, although Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was preparing to declare a state of emergency after Tokyo and Osaka infections rose sharply.
But Britain was facing a crisis that shuddered worldwide when its 55-year-old prime minister was transferred to intensive care so that he would be close to a ventilator in case his lungs failed. The government admitted that Mr. Johnson’s condition had deteriorated significantly.
The crisis that hit almost every nation on earth came suddenly, but in the early days of the outbreak in China there were warnings that the contagion could do enormous damage.
A top The White House adviser strongly warned Trump administration officials in late January that the coronavirus crisis could cost the United States trillions of dollars in lost production and put millions of Americans at risk of illness or death.
Since then, the federal government has been criticized for a halting, contradictory, and unpredictable response that has delayed testing, searched hospitals for critical supplies, and confused, frightened, and left the public looking for final answers.
The virus appears to outstrip governments in many steps, and much of it remains a mystery, despite perhaps the greatest concentrated global scientific effort in history.
The death rate remains unclear, estimates of the percentage of people who contract the virus and never show symptoms are between 25 and 50 percent, and there is no clear explanation as to why it is for some people who are relatively young and before are in good health, so deadly.
A leading White House adviser at the end of January warned Trump administration officials that the coronavirus crisis could cost the United States trillions of dollars and put millions of Americans at risk of disease or death.
The warning, In a memo by President Trump’s trade adviser Peter Navarro, the highest level of alarm that spread in the west wing was known when the government took its first key steps to address a crisis that China’s leaders had already consumed and would continue to do Turn life in Europe and the United States upside down.
“The lack of immune protection or an existing cure or vaccine would leave Americans defenseless in the event of a complete outbreak of coronavirus on US soil,” said Navarros Memo. “This lack of protection increases the risk that the coronavirus will develop into a full-blown pandemic that threatens the lives of millions of Americans.”
January 29 came when Mr. Trump downplayed the risks to the United States. He later went on to say that no one could have predicted such a devastating outcome.
Mr. Navarro said in the memo that the government was about to decide how aggressive it would be to contain an outbreak, and said that if it turned out to be a problem, the human and economic costs would be relatively low seasonal flu.
However, he further stressed that “the worst case risk of a pandemic scenario should not be overlooked given the information from China.”
In a worst-case scenario mentioned in the memo, more than half a million Americans could die.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Great Britain stayed in the intensive care unit of a London hospital on Tuesday morning, fighting the symptoms of the coronavirus. This raised not only the state of health, but also the question of who would run the country in its place that was affected by a severe outbreak of the coronavirus if necessary.
Mr. Johnson was transferred to the intensive care unit on Monday after his illness worsened. Aid said he would have moved if he needed a ventilator to help him recover. On Tuesday afternoon, Mr. Johnson’s office announced that he was in a stable condition and had received “standard oxygen treatment” but did not need a ventilator. He was in a good mood and had no pneumonia.
Since Britain has no written constitution and no standard successor in the event of the government’s illness or death, Mr Johnson had to decide who should stand up for him if he fell ill. But the man he nominated, Dominic Raab, has been relatively untested and has served as the country’s foreign minister for less than a year.
While Mr. Johnson remains prime minister from his hospital bed, the severity of his illness means that this could change quickly. At a time of extraordinary challenge, Mr. Raab is already chairing a key pandemic committee as the government struggles to control the spread of the corona virus and stabilize an economy that has been hit hard by the blocking measures it has imposed.
Former British Prime Ministers, including Tony Blair and Margaret Thatcher, had health problems during their tenure but had short absences for scheduled procedures.
Mr. Johnson could be hospitalized for some time and at a time when the government has to make important decisions about how to respond to the coronavirus. Although some British Prime Ministers have appointed MPs, Mr Johnson chose not to do so when he took the role last year.
The last time Britain experienced such a power vacuum was in 1953 when Winston Churchill suffered a stroke and the truth about his condition was withheld from the British public.
Before going to the intensive care unit, Mr. Johnson asked Mr. Raab to “stand up for him” where necessary.
Another high-ranking minister, Michael Gove, who has played a leading role in coordinating the government’s coronavirus response, including Mr. Johnson’s health interviews, announced on Twitter on Tuesday that he was isolating himself. He felt good, he said, but a member of his family showed symptoms of the virus.
US stocks rose on Tuesday and Global markets prolonged the Wall Street rally from the previous day, given the continuing signs that the outbreak of the corona virus could peak in a number of severely affected locations.
The S & P 500 grew by more than 3 percent.
Tuesday’s gains contributed to a fairly strong, if disconnected, recovery that lifted stocks from their lowest in March. Initially fueled by Washington’s $ 2 trillion to counter the economic impact of the pandemic, the rally has now taken on a more hopeful tone – reflecting progress in fighting the pandemic spread in the US and Europe.
Overall, the S&P 500 rose 19 percent from Monday’s March 23 low to Monday. (It’s still more than 20 percent below the February 19 high.)
However, the global economy still faces tremendous challenges before it can get back on track, and many companies continue to announce vacation days and ongoing downtime after an uncertain path.
Mainland Chinese authorities reported no new coronavirus deaths on Tuesday, just as they intended to continue alleviating, for the first time since January a month-long closure in Wuhan, the city where the pandemic started.
Wuhan has slowly returned to an appearance of normalcy in recent weeks. The subways were put back into operation in late March, and restrictions on outbound travel should be lifted on Wednesday.
According to official information from the New York Times, China has had 83,654 coronavirus infections since the outbreak began on Tuesday. Nationwide, at least 3,331 people died, most of the other patients have recovered.
But many believe that the actual death toll is far higher. American intelligence officers say that even Beijing does not know the full extent of China’s outbreak because middle-level officials in Wuhan and elsewhere have lied about infection rates, tests, and deaths.
These doubts are common in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province, where officials have suppressed the online debate about deaths and deaths pushed for quick, quiet burials of coronavirus victims.
Other doubts are about how China counts new cases.
The National Health Commission announced on Tuesday that the 32 new confirmed infections it had registered the day before were all imported from abroad.
But China, unlike other countries, does not include asymptomatic infections in this count. And on Tuesday, 30 new asymptomatic cases were registered, including 18 in Hubei Province. All but nine had been broadcast locally.
Wisconsin voters face a choice between protecting their health and exercising their civil duty on Tuesday, according to Republican heads of state. With the support of a conservative majority at the state’s Supreme Court, he opposed the democratic governor’s attempt to postpone personal voting in the presidential and local elections.
In Milwaukee, where election workers expect more than 50,000 voters, the number of polling stations has been drastically reduced – from more than 180 to just five. The effects were immediately noticeable on Tuesday morning: everywhere in the city, the lines were spanned block by block before 7 a.m. local time.
The political and legal skirmish throughout Monday was only the first round of an expected national battle for voting rights during the coronavirus crisis.
The The success of the Republicans came at the end of a day when anxious voters between competing claims by Governor Tony Evers and his opponents in the G.O.P. controlled state legislation lashed over the course of Tuesday’s elections. It has shaken democracy in an important battlefield country that has already been shaken by a rapidly growing number of Corona virus cases.
The governor had enacted an executive ordinance that postponed personal voting and extended the postal voting deadline to June. Republican leaders, however, managed to get the state’s highest court to keep the decree.
And in a late Monday decision, the conservative majority of the US Supreme Court dealt a blow to the Wisconsin Democrats. With a vote of 5 to 4, the majority decided not to extend the postal voting deadline, saying that such a change “fundamentally changes the way of voting”. The four liberal members of the court disagreed, and Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote that “the court’s order, I fear, will result in massive disenfranchisement.”
The move has brought thousands of white-collar workers and campaign workers, many of whom were elderly or have health problems, to the front of the pandemic.
Thousands of polling stations have declared that they will not appear, which will result in a significant reduction in the number of polling stations. There are usually around 31 polling stations in Green Bay, but only two were open on Tuesday. Although around 2,400 National Guardsmen were trained as electoral assistants on Monday, the more than 7,000 who have already said that they cannot work do not come close.
The French health minister said on Tuesday that the country had not yet reached the peak of its epidemic and was “still in a deteriorating phase”. The country has recorded a total of 74,390 cases and 8,911 deaths, with the number of victims still increasing. With 613 hospital deaths, Monday was the highest number of 24-hour deaths to date.
Olivier Véran, the Minister of Health, Said BFM TV on Tuesday that a slowdown in the number of additional ICU patients was encouraging, but added, “We’re not out of the woods yet.”
“Restriction is more necessary than ever,” he said.
Anne Hidalgo, the mayor of Paris, told FranceInfo Radio on Tuesday that 2 million reusable fabric masks would be distributed to Parisians in the coming days. The masks are made by around 30 small local companies, said Ms. Hidalgo.
It was another sign that France’s attitude towards wearing masks was changing. Previously, according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, the authorities had stated that masks were only required for health professionals and sick patients. However, an increasing number of officials encouraged people to wear cloth masks or other mouth covers in public.
Have officials in some cities, like Nice said that they would make it mandatory for people leaving their homes to wear a mask.
Turkey has ordered all citizens to wear masks while shopping or visiting crowded public places, and has announced that it will begin to supply masks to every family free of charge as the number of coronavirus infections in the country is increasing rapidly to 80 million.
Turkey has registered over 30,000 confirmed cases of the virus and 649 deaths. According to the Ministry of Health, more than 1,300 patients are in intensive care units and at least 600 medical workers are infected.
The number of confirmed cases makes Turkey one of the Top 10 worst affected countries at present, a sharp increase since the first confirmed death from the disease on March 17.
Health minister Fahrettin Koca said on Monday, however, that the increase in confirmed cases was small compared to the increase in tests, which was increased to more than 20,000 a day.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has gradually introduced measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus. He urges people to stay at home and imposes a curfew on people over 65 and under 20, but opposes a nationwide ban.
Opposition politicians, including the mayors of two of the largest cities, Ankara and Istanbul, which were hit hardest by the virus, have called for stricter measures, but Mr Erdogan has allowed industry, construction companies and public transport to continue working.
“The situation in Turkey in terms of urgent needs, from health to food to detergents, is very good,” Erdogan said in a speech to the nation on Monday. “We have not only the ability to overcome this epidemic, but also morale and determination.”
52 medical students saw videos of themselves on their screens from student dorms and apartments. Miles away, their proud families followed online. The students looked at webcams and promised the hippocratic oath in a frayed unison, dozens of different starts and voices, all of which came to the same point.
You could go on to doctorate.
On Friday a Almost half of the 2020 class at the Grossman School of Medicine at New York University took a virtual degree via video chat. They were two months ahead of schedule. This moment will be repeated in some form in other medical schools in the coming days.
The more ragged the ritual, the more touching its essence: young people started to join others who were already serving in an hour of crisis, little different from soldiers who were deployed in war.
“The country has to mobilize people,” said Dr. Steven Abramson, Vice Dean of the Grossman School. “The last time this happened was in World War II when medical schools were reduced to three years.”
Celebrate the students today. Also remember that they serve as a proxy for a whole caste of essentials: doctors, nurses and technicians, of course, but also those who drive buses, collect garbage, save lives in ambulances, store food shelves, deliver mail, push trash bins with dirty ones Sheets in the corridors keep the electricity grid buzzing and the sewage system flowing, and find out how to make room in hospitals when there is no one left.
India appeared to be mitigating its position on blocking the export of hydroxychloroquine, a drug that President Trump has promoted as a possible treatment for the coronavirus.
India is the world’s largest producer of hydroxychloroquine known as HCQ President threatened retaliation against India Monday night if the stringent export restrictions imposed last month were not lifted.
Many scientists wonder whether the drug that is usually prescribed to treat malaria and rheumatism actually helps against the coronavirus. But Mr. Trump and others called it “a game changer”.
“Given the humanitarian aspects of the pandemic, it has been decided that India will license paracetamol and HCQ in reasonable amounts to all of our neighboring countries depending on our capabilities,” said Anurag Srivastava, a spokesman for the Indian State Department Tuesday. (Paracetemol is the pain reliever commonly referred to as paracetamol or tylenol in the United States.)
“We will also deliver these essential medicines to some of the nations most affected by the pandemic,” said Srivastava.
India’s coronavirus cases were Doubling every four days; The number of cases uncovered has risen to over 4,000, and the country remains under a severe barrier that has kept much of its 1.3 billion people indoors.
There is growing concern that the blockade could lead to a deep recession that will hit hundreds of millions of poor people particularly hard. The Indian government now plans to cut the salaries of all MPs, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, by 30 percent.
There are also significant local differences, with tests in some parts of the United States being much more difficult to obtain on average.
Private companies like Quest and LabCorp are now running thousands of tests every day. However, the demand for tests has overwhelmed many laboratories and test locations.
Doctors and officials across the country say so There have been long delays in achieving results, and uneven access to tests has increased rationing and hindered patient care. In addition, swabs and chemicals needed to perform the tests are in short supply in many of the country’s hot zones.
Although the death toll in France is increasing, recovering in Spain, and has not yet peaked in cities across Europe, some countries have started to think publicly about plans to lift restrictions and return to an appearance of normalcy.
Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz presented one in a press conference on Monday Timetable for the country’s return from the blockage, with some shops reopening after Easter.
Austria has recorded 12,058 confirmed cases and 220 deaths. However, with new cases appearing to peak on March 26, the government has begun planning to ease restrictions. Mr. Kurz asked residents to maintain the rules of social distancing this week and said this was vital.
Denmark will allow its youngest children to return to daycare and school from April 15th. Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen announced on Monday the move as the first phase in lifting a number of restrictions announced last month.
Other restrictions – such as border closures and the closure of restaurants and other non-essential services – remain in place for at least another four weeks. A ban on large gatherings was extended until August. Ms. Fredericksen said relaxing the restrictions was not an easy decision.
“It’s like walking a tightrope: if we stand still, we can fall,” she said. “If we drive too fast, things can go wrong soon.”
In Italy, where there is a growing feeling that the worst of the epidemic may be over, officials are considering the idea of doing extensive tests for antibodies that would allow workers to return. But elsewhere, officials have stressed that talk of lifting restrictions is premature. Chancellor Angela Merkel warned on Monday that it was “irresponsible” to discuss an appointment for easing measures.
Édouard Philippe, France’s prime minister, said last week that it was too early to say exactly when and how easing would take place, adding that it was important “not to ruin the collective effort”.
How Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is preparing to declare a state of emergency for Japan’s largest population centers, citizens and businesses in cities such as Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Kobe and Fukuoka, and now has to decide how to respond.
Unlike in other countries, Mr. Abe does not have the legal authority to place orders to stay at home or force companies to close, and he has promised to keep local public transport operational.
Even though experts warn that Japan is on the verge of an explosion of infections that could overwhelm its healthcare system, the government will largely depend on voluntary compliance.
Those who are covered by the proposed emergency statement – about 56.1 million people in seven prefectures, or less than half of the total Japanese population – are urged to work from home for the next month and not to undertake any market tours other than essential or Pharmacy.
So far, the Japanese health authorities have assured the public that they have prevented the virus from getting out of control by mainly closing schools, asking organizers of major sporting and cultural events to cancel them, and quickly identifying groups of cases and tracing close contacts have infected people.
But when Mr. Abe, who also announced a stimulus package on Monday that he believed was worth nearly $ 1 trillion, was preparing to take the nation’s containment measures one step further with an official statement expected on Tuesday evening To go further, some experts saw this as a tacit admission that the government’s previous approach no longer worked.
By Tuesday morning, Japan had confirmed a total of 3,906 cases and 80 coronavirus deaths.
Here’s how you can help from home.
When you sit at home, you easily feel that there is nothing you can do to help the people at the front of the coronavirus pandemic. But there are many things you can do to help medical professionals, those directly affected by the virus, and your local businesses.
With people around the world under pressure to take strict blocking measures, government officials may find it difficult to follow their own advice.
Just days after Scotland’s chief medical officer resigned for violating social distancing rules, New Zealand health minister David Clark called himself an “idiot” on Tuesday for failing to abide by the country more than once.
Mr. Clark admitted driving his family to a park near their house to ride a mountain bike after a photo of his van parked there released on Thursday from local outlets.
However, this was not the first time that he had banned the blocking rules announced by his government last month when New Zealand declared its second national state of emergency.
Mr. Clark said in a statement on Tuesday that at the end of last month he drove his family to a beach about 12 miles from their home for a walk.
“This trip was a clear violation of the blocking principles of staying on site and not driving long distances to reach resorts,” he said, adding that he disclosed the trip to Jacinda Ardern, the country’s prime minister, and his resignation offered.
“I was an idiot and I understand why people will be angry with me,” he said.
But Ms. Ardern did not immediately accept Mr. Clark’s resignation, hoping not to disrupt the healthcare sector and the government’s response to the coronavirus crisis.
New Zealand has recorded 1,160 infections and one death.
In Afghanistan, thousands of people in chaotic scenes flocked across the border to Pakistan on Tuesday, overwhelming all screening efforts to identify coronavirus cases and slow the spread of the disease.
The country’s weak border management was a major problem. Even when the virus spread to neighboring Iran, Hundreds of thousands of people still made it back to Afghanistan across the western borders before spreading across the country. Now, the rush of returnees from Pakistan, where nearly 4,000 cases have been confirmed, has heightened fears. By Tuesday morning, Afghanistan had reported 423 cases of coronavirus – but officials warn that these numbers may not be an authentic indication of the spread, as tests start late and remain limited.
The border with Pakistan, which was closed for weeks, was temporarily opened on Monday to enable the measured return of Afghans stuck on the other side. On the first day, officials even showed pictures of Circles drawn on the floor to force the distance As returnees, they were checked to see if they had any symptoms. But early Tuesday the scenes were messy.
“Between 8,000 and 10,000 people came in at the same time,” said Rahat Gul Ziarmal, the mayor of the border town of Torkham.
The director general of the World Health Organization has described the statements of two French doctors who have proposed testing a possible vaccine against the coronavirus in Africa as “racist”.
During the organization Monday’s coronavirus briefing, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said he was “horrified” by the scientists’ comments at a time when global “solidarity” was needed to defeat the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. The comments made last week during a discussion on French television focused on starting studies in Europe and Australia to see if a tuberculosis vaccine could be used to treat the coronavirus.
“If I can be provocative, shouldn’t we do this study in Africa, where there are no masks, no treatments, no intensive care?” Jean-Paul Mira, head of the intensive care unit at the Cochin hospital in Paris, said. “A bit like elsewhere for some studies on AIDS. We try things with prostitutes because we know that they are exposed and do not protect themselves. “
Camille Locht, research director at the French health institute Inserm, agreed and said: “You are right. We are considering a parallel study in Africa. “
On Monday, Mr. Tedros called these comments “a shame” and condemned them “harshly”.
“Africa cannot and will not be a test field for vaccines,” he said. “We will follow all the rules to test vaccines or therapeutics around the world according to exactly the same rule.”
“The hangover of the colonial mentality has to stop,” he said.
A Democratic Republic of Congo health official sparked controversy last week after saying the country would participate in future coronavirus vaccine tests.
The coverage was provided by Carlotta Gall, Aurelien Breeden, Martin Selsoe Sorensen, Christopher F. Schütze, Marc Santora, Megan Specia, Iliana Magra, Maggie Haberman, Mike Baker, Declan Walsh, Andrew Higgins, Carlotta Gall, Patrick Kingsley, Stephen Castle and Mark written by Landler, Adam Liptak, Sheila Kaplan, Katie Thomas, Motoko Rich, Mike Ives, Richard C. Paddock, Hannah Buche, Jason Gutierrez, Muktita Suhartono and Elaine Yu.