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Could seniors increase their longevity with the Mediterranean Diet?



Image: MarianVejcik / Istock.com via AFP Relaxnews

Recent European research has shown that the age-old diagnosis popular with the Mediterranean diet can increase life expectancy by reducing the risk of death from all causes.

Worn by researchers from the Department of Epidemiology and Prevention of IRCCS Neuromed in Italy: The new study looked at 5,200 people over the age of 65 who participated in the Moli-sani study, a large-scale study that evaluated cardiac risk factors Circulatory disorders and cancer including the role of the Mediterranean diet are being studied

Participants were given a diet score to assess their adherence to the Mediterranean diet before being observed over a period of eight years.

At the end of the study, researchers found that the Mediterranean diet is associated with a 25 percent reduction in the risk of death from all causes, including a decreased risk of death from coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease

The researchers then performed another meta Analysis of seven studies, including their own conducted in several countries with a total of 1

1,738 participants who are also over 65 years old.

They found that a 1-point increase in the Mediterranean diet score was associated with 5 percent lower risk of death for all reasons, and the stronger the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the greater the reduction in the risk of death death.

"The novelty of our research is to have focused our attention on a population over 65," says Marialaura Bonaccio, lead author of the study. "We already knew that the Mediterranean diet is able to reduce the risk of mortality in the general population, but we did not know if this was specifically for the elderly."

A traditional Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, olive oil and cereals, low in meat and dairy, with moderate wine consumption during meals.

The researchers added that certain foods, when eaten as part of a Mediterranean diet, appear to offer greater protection, including high consumption of monounsaturated fats found in virgin olive oil and fish, as well as moderate alcohol consumption , preferably during meals.

"Our research looks at nutrition as a whole, but it is. It is still interesting to understand which foods contribute to the" driving "effect of the Mediterranean diet," explains Bonaccio. "Our data confirm what has been observed in numerous epidemiological and metabolic studies, namely that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages when used in a Mediterranean food context is a protective factor for our health."

The results can be found online published in the British Journal of Nutrition. JB

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