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Cruise Ship Rescue: How to survive 10 hours in the water



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Media caption "I am very fortunate to be alive"

A British woman has survived 10 hours in the sea off the coast of Croatia after being taken from the Coast Dropped Back of a Cruise Ship

The 46-year-old was alone and 60 miles off the coast when she was rescued and taken to hospital. Details of her remarkable survival are still appearing ̵

1; but what could help you to stay alive in a similar situation?

Water Temperature

In this case, there were several happy factors that helped the survivor, including the warm sea.

"The water temperature would have been around 28-29 ° C, which is a bit warmer than a swimming pool," says Professor Mike Tipton, an expert on the survival of extreme environments.

A person can survive for about an hour in 5C water, two hours in 10C and six hours in 15C – but if the temperature is in the high 20s, then it is possible to survive for about 25 hours, he says.

People can go into cold water shock when the temperature is too low, which means they lose the ability to control their breathing and may breathe or drown water.

And when their body temperature drops, someone can become tired, confused or disoriented.

The average temperature of British and Irish waters is between 12C and 1 5C – low enough to cause cold water shock

Try to float

According to this guide on personal survival techniques used for the The best way to slow down the speed of the body is to cool down, not to swim, but to float in the water with your knees up.

The "flat, quiet location" meant that the woman in this case – called by newspapers like Kay Longstaff – was she swims, swims and "stays where she fell," says Prof. Tipton.

"She was not hit by waves all the time, she would inevitably have drowned if that had been the case."

Clothing and shoes enhance a person's buoyancy during their first moments in the water, as they trap air [RNLIshowsyouhowyoucanimprovethechancesofsurvivalintheseabyhovering

Everything, according to the RNLI, floating quietly instead of moving too much

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Media caption What You Can Do Will Help You

This maritime training facility on the Australian Sunshine Coast advises anyone in the water to look for something that floats and holds fast.

If you do not have a life-jacket you should try to get it out of your clothes – a move many in the UK know from school swimming lessons

Find

Over time, it's possible In order to survive in limited water, it is important to get res as soon as possible

In this case, the people on board seem to have noticed that the woman was missing, and used the ship's CCTV at the time of her Fall and thus determine their probable position.

But as Professor Tipton says, it is still very difficult to find someone who swims alone at sea – especially at night. "It's just a really difficult thing to find, which is basically a head in the water."

Be Female

Women can work in their favor with high levels of body fat – typically 10% more than men.

"They have more subcutaneous fat and that means they are more buoyant because the buoyancy of the body comes mainly from the air and fat in the body," Prof. Tipton told BBC 5 Live.

The extra fat also helps to keep the body warm, which helps when the human body gets tired in the water.

"You can imagine if you have to swim for 10 hours to keep your airway clear, a pretty good chance you'll get exhausted," he said.

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Psychology of Survival

In order to survive this type of ordeal, you also need to be mentally resilient.

According to Survival Psychology by dr. John Leach will make most people paralyzed in case of disaster, doing nothing to help themselves.

Others will panic, but some will take immediate action to survive.

"I think there is a big psychological aspect," said Professor Tipton. "At the time, hours six, seven, eight, and nine, it must be a pretty desperate situation."

"You can imagine a scenario where a search and rescue boat might have passed and she did not see what that is It would hurt your psychology and your survival, but fortunately it was found in this case.


Famous castaways: Who survived longest at sea?

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Mexican shark Jesus Vidana describes his crew's remarkable story of being 270 years driving

  • The Mexican Jose Salvador Alvarenga endured the Pacific for 440 days until being found on the Marshall Islands in 2013, emaciated and sponging with only his underpants
  • Poon Lim, a Chinese navigator during World War II set a record for the Longest survival on a life raft. He survived 133 days alone in the Atlantic Ocean
  • In 2006, the Mexican shark Jesus Vidana and his crew spent 270 days in the Pacific Ocean before a Taiwanese tuna fisherman rescued them from the Marshall Islands.
  • US adventurer Steven Callahan survived 76 days in a lifeboat in the Atlantic Ocean in 1982, after a whale was rammed into the hull of his sloop Napoleon Solo.


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