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Olomouc scientists helped to decipher the entire heritage code of the Novinky.cz wheat variety



"Wheat is one of the most basic crops, living humanity, cultivated on the largest acreage, yielding more than a fifth of calories and protein, and in some countries as much as half, its role in human nutrition is irreplaceable The number of people on the planet is increasing and the moment when wheat is not enough, "said Jaroslav Doležel from the Institute of Experimental Botany at the Academy of Sciences.

The reading of genetic information about wheat did not take long because of its enormous size. The genome of wheat has nearly 17 billion inheritance codes, its genome is five times larger than human

The institute is a partner of the Haná Center for Biotechnology and Agricultural Research in Olomouc

Adapt to Climate

] According to Dolezel's it is necessary to breed more profitable varieties that can adapt to the current climate

. "Breeding for classical techniques needs to be supplemented with new modern techniques, but we can only use them if we have hereditary information.

<img id =" singlePic_5961
06 "src =" https://media.novinky.cz/610 /596106-top_foto2-eb0x7.jpg "width =" 400 "height =" 225 "alt =" Jaroslav Doležel Head of the application laboratory Jaroslav Doležel

Jaroslav Doležel

PHOTO: Institute for Experimental Research Institute of the Experimental Laboratory Jaroslav Doležel at the ceremonial Opening The genome of wheat, according to scientists, has almost 17 billion letters of hereditary code, the hereditary information about wheat is five times larger than humans, consisting of three similar subgenomes and most of the genome

The important role of Olomouc's workplace

The workplace in Olomouc played a key role in the international project. The local scientist was, and at the beginning of chromosome sorting, they developed a flow cytometric sorting method that allowed large and complex inherited information to be broken down into smaller pieces – chromosomes that facilitated DNA reading and the organization of reading profiles

The Olomouc Laboratory provided thus collaborating laboratories in different chromosome parts of the world. "I believe that the work aims at the most important result of this year's plant biology," said Martin Vágner, director of the Institute of Experimental Botany at the Academy of Sciences.

With detailed knowledge of genetic information about wheat, growers can use genes for yield, grain quality, against diseases and pests and genes to better overcome dryness

This result will be of great importance when new genetic modification methods are used, researchers have said added. The acquisition of a reference part of the wheat genome also opens the possibility to clarify the functions of the individual parts of the genetic information and the effect on the growth and development of this culture

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