The long-standing battle for the Trump government's goal of ending the Obama program for young undocumented immigrants, known as "Dreamers", will land in front of the Supreme Court on Tuesday. 1
TRUMP END DACA WHAT ENDS LAWFUL, JUSTICE DEPARTMENT SAYS
For the administration and Dreamers alike, it all depends on the Supreme Court, where Trump selects Brett Kavanaugh and Neil Gorsuch. Federal appeals courts across the country have rejected efforts to phase out the Obama era program, called the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). However, the government has turned to the Supreme Court for support.
"The government has basically crackled the fact that they will lose a lot of these cases in the courts," said Thomas Dupree, former senior official of the Bush Justice Department and now an appellate lawyer.
"But they are playing the long game." I think there are people in the White House and the Department of Justice who have made a calculation saying, "See, we can absorb all these losses in the lower courts 'Because we're going to win the final when this case arrives at the Supreme Court. "
It remains to be seen how the court will decide on this complicated issue – which concerns the boundaries of a president trying to lift his predecessor's policies undocumented immigrants as children were able to enter the United States for a renewable period of two years to defer deportation and obtain a work permit.
"The reason given by [Trump administration] was theirs Convinced that this was the case It is illegal to have such a program that protects a group of people who are not legally there lent, "said Paul Smith, a professor of Georgetown law, who has been arguing before the Supreme Court. "They were caught up in the political reality that they did not want to drown themselves on the dreamer, but they still wanted to get rid of DACA as Obama's policy." The Trump Administration announced its plan to phase out the 2017 program just to allow the federal courts to decide that it can not be applied retroactively and that DACA should be completely rebooted. The White House fought against these decisions, saying that the president has broad authority over immigration enforcement policies.
DACA advocates argued that Trump's proposed termination would be in breach of federal law, which provides for reasonable termination and annotation deadlines prior to the amendment of certain federal regulations, as well as other constitutional guarantees for equal protection and due process.
The Supreme Court took the unusual step of seizing the cases before they had been fully negotiated at the lower courts. These federal courts have issued nationwide decrees blocking the government's plans, at least for now.
The Trump administration argues that the DACA program is not working and unlawful and that the president should have the "absolute" discretion to "adopt a revised overall immigration strategy".
"Given the unacceptably high number of illegal border crossings," wrote the Ministry of Justice in its appeal to the Supreme Court, "it was crucial for the DHS [Department of Homeland Security] to have a clear message that was clear and coherent transparent enforcement of immigration laws against all classes and categories of aliens. "
And Attorney General Bill Barr says that three different state-wide decrees have been enacted that will keep the DACA in check for now.
"Dreamers remain in abeyance, the political process has been anticipated, and we've had over a year of fierce political divisions, including an unprecedented government shutdown," he said in a recent speech. "Meanwhile, the humanitarian crisis continues on our southern border while legislative efforts remain frozen, as both sides await the word of the DACA and other immigration courts."
A dozen Texas-led states are among the parties supporting the government.
However, the government has made only fleeting statements to justify the DACA's death. In contrast, the benefits for Dreamers and for the country are undeniable.
"These benefits have enabled DACA participants to achieve an employment rate of 91 percent and increase their wages by 69 percent," said attorneys at the University of California, one of the main plaintiffs. "By accessing legal work, DACA participants can support their families, including their estimated 200,000 US citizens, and take out employer-sponsored health insurance." States like New York and California.
Hundreds of pro-DACA demonstrators are expected to gather in the Supreme Court on Tuesday, with clashes.
A student in Washington, DC. She asked not to use her last name.
"It's really sad to think that I might not even become a teacher at the time of graduation," she said in an interview with Fox News recently. "It's definitely frustrating, so I really hope something can change over the next few months."
Daniela was active on her campus as president of the Dreamers Alliance, a support system for undocumented students as they immigrate.
She came to the US with her family from El Salvador at the age of three, and her dream is to become a teacher.
"We are important and we are here and will not stop fighting – not fighting in the sense that we are angry – but struggling in the sense that we need a solution."
Daniela receives Financial support from TheDream.US, the nation's largest college access program for immigrant youth.
The program director of the group says the Supreme Court may be the dreamer's last hope.
Supreme Court decides whether trump administration can terminate the DACA program.
"For young people who are waiting and listening and constantly present, pins and needles of these trials are very difficult," said Gabriela Pacheco. "Many of them feel that the carpet is being pulled under them, that they have done everything right, that they are contributing, that they are going to college and work, that we all win when you have a young person maximizing their full potential. "
At the beginning of his tenure, Trump spoke out in favor of the DACA, but only when it involved congressional talks on tightening legal immigration and building its border wall.
"We'll do it" I have to deal with many politicians, remember, and I have to convince them that what I'm saying is right, "Trump said in February 2017.
Months later President announced that he would terminate the DACA under his own executive, which would lead to a flood of legal proceedings.  However, the Trump administration and many DACA supporters agree that the Congress will address the issue by adopting a Comprehensive immigration reform could fix bill that would include Dreamer Pro Legally secured controls.
Now it's up to the courts.
According to the population, the DACA is still popular, a poll by Fox News in June found that 73 percent of respondents dreamers advocate staying in the US, while 24 percent oppose it.
The consolidated cases are DHS against Regents of the Unive rsity of California (18-587); Trump against NAACP (18-588); and McAlleenan v. Vidal (18-589). A decision is expected by the end of June 2020.