Federal investigations and threats followed recent news that data collection company Cambridge Analytica, which worked on the 2016 Trump presidential campaign, gained access to the personal information of more than 50 million Facebook users.
The F.T.C. The legislator has determined whether the social media giant violates a consent signed by him in 2011 to protect the privacy of users
The decree demanded from Facebook an explicit user consent before passing their personal data across the borders to their privacy settings. Any breach of contract that the agency has reached with Facebook through a third-party app agreement will result in a fine of up to $ 40,000 per day.
The confirmation of the investigation by the agency has helped to push the Facebook stock as much as possible 6.5 percent on Monday morning before it recovered. Facebook said it anticipated a request from the agency last week.
The F.T.C. said in a statement Monday that it "takes very seriously the recent press releases raising significant concerns about Facebook's privacy practices."
Legislators have repeatedly demanded that Zuckerberg appear at hearings on Capitol Hill. Last week, the Republican and Democratic leaders of the House and Senate Trade Committees formally invited him to testify.
"I'm sure this is much bigger than Cambridge Analytica, and I'm sure there are other Cambridge Analyticas." Senator John Kennedy, Republican from Louisiana, said in an interview. "Facebook is not just a company, it's so strong it's like a country."
Some legislators, such as Senator Richard Blumenthal, Democrat of Connecticut, asked the F.T.C. to investigate whether Facebook should pay the users compensation.
"The sphere of control must be wider than just the approval decree," he said in a statement. "There is no excuse for a delay."
Cambridge Analytica also faces strong criticism. On Monday, Common Cause, a government monitoring group in Washington, filed complaints to initiate federal investigations into allegations that the company had violated federal suffrage.
In an article detailing how Cambridge Analytica received information about millions of Facebook users, Times reported this month that employees of the European-Canadian-based data research firm are intense despite warnings from their own suffrage lawyer during the 2014 and 2016 elections had worked for his American customers.
Employees worked on surveys, news development, and targeting digital ad groups and fundraising appeals.
The company said the work was legal because none of the foreign employees had "strategic" or "operational" roles. But former employees disagreed with this report, suggesting that the work violates laws in the United States that severely restrict what non-Americans can do for American political campaigns.
Common Cause filed a complaint with the Ministry of Justice, which has the power to investigate. The group also filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission, which is responsible for enforcing electoral rules on a daily basis.
"It contradicts the belief that even after its own lawyer, it warned them against it Paul S. Ryan, Vice President for Common Cause for Politics and Litigation, said in the US Circuit Court for the Ninth Circle In San Francisco, attorneys accused two lawsuits that challenged the social media company's privacy and user data policies, claiming that Facebook violates the Electronic Communications Privacy Act and state laws he monitors his users on and off the platform.
The second lawsuit alleges that Facebook has captured and sold the details of browsing third-party websites. Any site with a "Like Facebook" button, including those from medical facilities such as the American Cancer Society and the American Society of Clinical Oncology, could be used to track users as they searched outside of Facebook for the lawsuit to have.
Facebook has also been attacked by several shareholder lawsuits since the reports detail the use of Facebook user information by Cambridge Analytica.
Many users have threatened to disable or delete their accounts in order to protest against Facebook's management of personal information. The # deletefacebook campaign, as it was called, even received support from a creator of WhatsApp, one of Facebook's most popular services, who sold his company to the social media giant for $ 19 billion in 2014. Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla, removed the Facebook pages of both companies on Friday.
While the Cambridge Analytica revelations in the United States have aroused the regulatory interest in Facebook, the pressure on companies in other countries has been growing for years.
Company has been the subject of several privacy investigations and fees from European regulators. And Europe has passed a new Data Protection Act, which will come into effect in May, giving Facebook, Google and other Internet service users more control over how their data is collected and what companies in Silicon Valley know about it.
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