Worrying about how to defeat Trump in 2020, the party alienates those in power who alienate the suburban moderates who fueled the 2018 wave, while rebellious progressives argue that Only bold new initiatives can be renewed
Here's a look at some of the debates that will invigorate the coming year.
"Medicare for All"
The quest for a "buy-in" offer that would somehow create some form of "public option" received by Congressional Democrats during the Obamacare negotiations in 2009, New York's deputy Brian Higgins Brian Higgins received encouragement last month when he reassured Nancy Pelosi of prioritizing a plan that would allow people over 50 to get involved with Medicare.
. But with the Democrats, who are still in the minority of the Senate and excluded from the White House, advocates of more comprehensive reform are unlikely to accept compromise terms.
Last year, the independent Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, a likely candidate for 2020, who convened with the Democrats, secured 16 cosponsors his lates The Most Detailed Legislation Providing a Four-Year Plan to Millions of Americans Step by Step on the Role of a Flared Version From Medicare,
At least five of the names on the bill, in addition to Sanders & # 39 ;, consider runs in 2020 – New York Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, who helped draft the transition plan, New Jersey Sen Cory Booker, Massachusetts Senator. Elizabeth Warren, California Sen. Kamala Harris and Oregon Sen. Jeff Merkley.
"There will be a question of whether one of them (other potential presidential candidates) takes power: do they really want to create a single-player program, or is it just a messaging strategy to attract people with big ideas? "Waleed Shahid, a spokesman for the progressive group" Justice Democrats, "told CNN. "Support the end of private health insurance in the United States of America because this is proposed by the bill, and we will be much more involved with the specifics than in 2016."
Increase Worker Wages
Since the Democrats last held the house in 2010, a move to raise higher minimum wages has been pushed through by the states and $ 15 an hour has become a new standard for liveability Income made. A bill to bring the national minimum wage to this level by 2024 is on the Democrats' list – but some people think that is too timid.
The proposals that attract the most attention, if not votes, are those of the federal government's oversized safety net and a public employment option designed to increase wages by creating more competition for workers.
The Harris LIFT Act would extend the earned income tax credit to so many people that it resembles a "universal basic income," an idea that has gained importance over the last year. Alternatively, Sanders and Gillibrand have proposed a federal "job guarantee" that would provide work in public construction projects to anyone who wants to work.
But most of the Caucus will probably not go that far. Members of the New Democrats' moderate coalition merge with a proposal from Alabama Rep. Terri Sewell, who would create regional minimum wages linked to the variable cost of living from Midtown Manhattan to Beckley, West Virginia. According to a framework developed by the Third Way centric think tank, wages would range between $ 9.30 in the cheapest places and $ 11.90 in the most expensive places.
The debate is against a difference in opinion between the causes of stagnant wages from growth.
For centrists, the problem is a failure to help workers adapt to the trends in automation and globalization, which requires reworking such as more education, apprenticeship and professional programs to meet demanding careers such as nursing, advanced manufacturing, and data Science.
On the progressive left, however, there is a consensus that the real challenge is increasing enterprise consolidation and the decline of workers' bargaining power. This, in turn, has allowed companies to generate excessive profits for their shareholders instead of receiving higher wages. This would create incentives to pursue the type of education that makes the most financial sense for them.
To address this issue, Democrats such as Booker and Wisconsin Sen. Tammy Baldwin have introduced bills that would restrict companies' ability to repurchase their own shares, as well as state regulators to more carefully examine mergers.
"What's really important is that policymakers formulate a diagnosis of the economy, which focuses on the role of oversized corporate power and the role of the government in stemming that power," said Stephanie Sterling, vice president of attorney and politics at the Roosevelt Institute. "We will not develop into an economy in which working people have a fair share."
Linking Infrastructure Money to the End of Fossil Fuel
Almost everyone in Washington agrees that America's deteriorating roads, bridges, railways, transit networks, and utilities need an investment boost. Some Democrats argue that these fixes should be included in a plan to fully reduce fossil fuels and massively increase renewable energy capacity to tackle global warming and persistent unemployment in one fell swoop.
An energetic grassroots coalition, headed by New York City deputy Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, campaigned against the House leadership to form a select committee focused on the development of a "Green New Deal" that would bring about the creation of a "Green New Deal" Decarbonise the economy and create universal employment.
The campaign for a committee has failed, and there are still parts of the Democratic Party – such as transport and union unions, whose members are currently dependent on continued investment in the construction of highways and natural gas pipelines – who remain skeptical. However, activists have pledged to continue to fight for the proposal, as infrastructure plans appear at the next meeting, and they already have the support of 43 current or future Congress members.
"The more momentum there is for a Green New Deal, the more the entire infrastructure debate takes a bold turn," says Adam Green, co-director of a left-wing interest group called the Progressive Change Campaign Committee. "It's not crazy to think that this year we could go with 100 or even 150, 200 members believing the Green New Deal is a North Star when we have more power in 2021."
A Delicate Line in Trade
In 2016, the Democratic establishment had been adversely affected by the extent of the anger Trump had inflicted by appealing to the austere legacy of trade agreements in the industrial Midwest, blinded. Now they need to figure out how to heed this anger while avoiding Trump's humming rhetoric about tariffs, which discourages voters in both rural and urban districts.
"I think there is a risk of over-agreeing with Donald Trump on trading," said Jim Kessler, vice president of Third Way. "We have seen the price we pay for tariffs, there is a difference between a tough fight against China and the triggering of a trade war."
The new Congress will be forced to negotiate trade issues through a vote to confront the update of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Few Democrats are fully satisfied with the renamed US-Mexico Agreement, but enough of them see it as a step in the right direction, restricting the right of companies to sue nations for investment restrictions, for example Chance of passing, with some changes.
The problem is that the changes demanded by the trade-skeptical Democrats can lose the votes of the more conservative Democrats, not to mention the Republicans. A group of progressives, led by Rep. Rosa DeLauro of Connecticut, called for stronger enforcement mechanisms for the new labor and environmental standards as well as a withdrawal of intellectual property protection that has given drug companies years of drug monopolies.
What happens in this fight will be significant in 2020 as the Democrats try not to allow Trump to win in trade, while dropping the established position that globalization creates more winners than losers.
A new direction for the Middle East?
Democratic leaders havetened to take on their historically diverse candidates. But as these newly elected voices enter Congress, there remains an annoying question on the horizon: when it comes to Israel, the Palestinians and the Middle East, does the Party establishment really want to hear what they have to say?
Trump's own renewal Focus on the Middle East – including his withdrawal from Syria, his reaction to the assassination of Saudi dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi and the continuing war in Yemen – has at one point returned to the region when the peace negotiations between Israelis and Iraq Palestinians collapsed.
Incoming lawmakers like Rashida Tlaib of Michigan and Ilhan Omar of Minnesota challenge democratic orthodoxy over US relations with Israel.
The first two Muslim women, Tlaib and Omar, who were elected to Congress, have expressed their support for Israel's boycott movement over its activities in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. BDS (boycott, divestment, sanctions) is a controversial program that has met with fierce opposition from Israel and its supporters, particularly elected representatives of the US government. A Senate bill called the Israel Anti-Boycott Act, which would prohibit US companies from participating in international boycotts such as BDS, brings together sponsors of both parties against progressive rivals and groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union, who oppose freedom of expression defends.
The bill remains in abeyance for the time being after Sanders and Caifornia Sen. Dianne Feinstein objected in a letter to Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and minority leader Chuck Schumer. "While we do not support the boycott, divestment and sanctioning movement (BDS), we are determined to uphold our constitutional vow to uphold the right of every American to express his views peacefully without fear or punishment of the government", So Feinstein and Sanders wrote.
"Right now, the party is not ready for the upcoming debate," said a senior Democratic Senate adviser to CNN. "It's an overdue debate, and my strong feeling is that the party is not ready to see it – look who the foreign policy leaders are, but it does not matter because it's coming."