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Depression symptoms in teenagers and parents can be linked



Depression increases worldwide

The parent-child relationship goes far beyond sharing similar looks and behaviors. Symptoms of depression among teenagers and parents appear to be interrelated, according to the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association.

As the depression of a teenager improved through treatment, Kelsey and his parents also experienced depression R. Howard, MS, from Northwestern University, who presented the results.

"More young people today report prolonged feelings of sadness and hopelessness and suicidal thoughts," Howard said. The World Health Organization estimates that one in four teenagers in the age group of 1

3 to 15 suffer from depression.

A total of 325 adolescents diagnosed with depression and 325 of their parents or caregivers participated in this long-term study. The adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three groups: those receiving cognitive-behavioral therapy, those taking an antidepressant or those taking a combination of both.

The first treatment period lasted almost a year, with an extra year of follow-up visits

"The concept that emotions are" contagious "and spread from person to person is well known to psychologists"

A quarter The participating parents reported treatment time from moderate to severe depression, according to Howard.

The treatment process was not family-based, although some parts included the parent. Nonetheless, the results showed a positive ripple effect because, as the severity of a teenager's depression subsided, similar symptoms appeared in the parents, regardless of which treatment was used.

"Depression is a massive public health problem that requires a myriad of approaches to better manage it, and we believe that our study is one of the first to evaluate how a child's emotional health can affect that of the parent "Mark A. Reinecke, PhD, co-author of the study, said.

The results could be useful for clinicians as they wish to determine the level of depression of parents when treating their child, or to provide appropriate referrals, according to Howard.

"The concept of emotions that are" contagious "and spread from person to person is well known by psychologists," Howard added. "This work opens a range of opportunities for future research on the family-wide effects of treating depression.


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