Diabetics have more than four times more often a stillborn baby than women without this disease, according to a new study.
Researchers at the University of Glasgow studied the records of nearly 4,000 Scottish diabetic mothers.
They found a high blood sugar level in pregnant diabetics as a "risk factor" for stillbirths.
The body mass index (BMI) of diabetic women is also a critical factor, according to the study.
Researchers also found that one-third of stillbirths in diabetic women took place at full time.
Dr. Sharon Mackin, who conducted the study, said: "It is critical that we, as healthcare professionals, find better ways to help women of their fertile age optimize weight and blood sugar, whether they are planned or unplanned they are better prepared to get pregnant and have a lower risk of adverse events.
"It is important that women with diabetes take this into account and have access to appropriate pre-conceptional counseling, even if pregnancy is not imminent ,
"Women with diabetes should also contact their diabetes clinic as soon as they receive a positive pregnancy test so we can identify and support them early."
The study concluded that prior delivery may be considered an "attractive option", but further investigation is needed before making recommendations for optimal timing.
Dr. Pregnancies with diabetes could prevent these stillbirths.
She said, "We do not know the answer. The optimal time for delivery in such pregnancies is not clear.
The study identified 5,392 babies born to 3,847 mothers with diabetes in Scotland between April 1
Mothers with type 1 diabetes gave birth to a still-born child more than three times as often Mothers with type 2 diabetes were at least four times as likely.
stillbirth rates 16.1 per 1,000 births among women with type 1 diabetes and 22.9 per 1,000 births among type 2 diabetes compared with 4.9 per 1,000 births in the general population.
Type 1 women who had stillbirth had an above-average blood sugar level throughout their gestation, while pre-pregnancy levels were a more important predictor of stillbirth in those with Type 2 deaths.
Babies with the highest and lowest birth weights According to the study published in the Diabetologia Journal, the most endangered were the results.
Dr. Emily Burns, head of research communications at Diabetes UK, said: "Most women with diabetes have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies, but this research underscores the importance of helping women control their blood sugar levels if they are planning to become pregnant at risk
could also help reduce this risk.
"We need to investigate to better predict who is most at risk of complications during pregnancy, thus it can be supported who needs it the most. "