PARIS (AP) – He was arrested for petty crime and monitored as a potential extremist, but Radouane Lakdim slipped through the French safety net.
Lakdim – who killed four people in a shooting and kidnapping in southern France last week – is a prime example of the challenges that security officials are facing and the missteps they can make as autochthonous extremists.
Even before France has buried its victims on Thursday, angry voices have asked what went wrong. Questions come from the victims' families, the opposition leaders and even Morocco's counterterror chief – whose country France has been dual in the past in the investigation Nationalist extremists helped, but never learned that the French-Moroccan Lakdim was a risk
Meetings with intelligence agents play a role in Lakdim's decision to take action? Was there a slip-up in the surveillance?
Experts say that French intelligence services are drowning in data and there are not enough analysts to interpret.
More than 20,000 names are on two lists of radicalized or potentially radicalized people in France. According to experts, 20 officers are required daily to interview a single person
Lakdim was one of more than 1
Lakdim took his sister to school on March 23 and was killed on behalf of the Islamic State Group in a three-stage attack in the medieval city of Carcassonne, where he lived, and in the nearby town of Trebes. The 25-year-old was shot dead later that day as police raided a supermarket to free his hostages.
When he died, Lakdim had been sentenced twice for possession of drugs and firearms; was suspected of belonging to a local Salafist movement; had a radicalized girlfriend who had converted to Islam and is now being sued in the case; had a saber, a pistol and knives; had served a month in prison and was scheduled to go to court on April 23 to have a knife and drive without permission.
The profile mimics that of many petty criminals. But questions arise because Lakdim has been on two watch lists since 2014 and has been closely monitored since the end of 2015, according to anti-terror prosecutor Francois Molins. According to Molins, Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said on Wednesday reports that French security services were ready to reduce surveillance Lakdim. Collomb claimed that there were no "dysfunctions" in his persecution.
"This again raises the question of the effectiveness of surveillance," said Yves Trotignon, a former intelligence official.
One of two men in 2016 Who pierced a priest's throat in a small town in Normandy during the Mass, wore an electronic bracelet after his term of imprisonment. The man who murdered a police couple a month ago in their home outside Paris was monitored. A man who attempted to topple his gas-fueled and gun-loaded car in gendarmes on the Champs-Elysees in Paris last year was under surveillance but had a weapons permit.
French authorities stress their successes. While eleven deadly attacks occurred in January 2015 since the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a kosher grocery store were attacked, 51 attacks were thwarted and 17 others failed, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe told MEPs on Tuesday.
A 100 percent pass rate Fighting terrorism is impossible, and the threat will continue for years, the authorities warn.
Trotinton compares a terrorist attack with an industrial accident because "there is never a single reason" but a bunch of failures.
Little problems, such as a broken connection in refinery pipelines, are patched. "Then one day all the little problems come at the same time … An attack is like that."
Investigators look for attack triggers.
The Le Monde newspaper reported that Lakdim had recently received a written subpoena from the French intelligence service for an "administrative meeting" – a flag he guarded.
At the time of the pyres of Champs-Elysees, Le Monde reports that the driver, Adam Djaziri, had received his third request for an "administrative meeting" shortly before the attack that killed no one but himself.
Across the Mediterranean, the head of Morocco's anti-terrorism agency asked why France did not communicate with him.
Abdelhak Khiame told the Associated Press that he has not heard of Paris since Tuesday, four days after Lakdim's deadly attack, despite a policy of exchanging information.  "His country of birth should have been notified that his national is being sought by French security," said Khiame, director of the Central Bureau of Forensic Investigations in Morocco. Moroccans are a large subgroup of Islamic State group fighters, and Moroccan-European citizens have participated in previous IS attacks in Europe.
Alain Bauer, a leading criminologist, claims that the Lakdim attacks could have been thwarted. Analysis is the key, he said and other experts, along with down-to-earth tailing.
"Like almost everyone else who … was successful, it could have been avoided," said Bauer, who has written a book about French intelligence. "We rely on & # 39; Inspector Google & # 39; to decide how we're fighting against YouTube radicals … it's not working … these tools can not replace human intelligence."
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