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Home / Science / Discovering Ancient Settlements in Allegedly Uninhabited Parts of the Amazon: Science: Tech Times

Discovering Ancient Settlements in Allegedly Uninhabited Parts of the Amazon: Science: Tech Times



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Archaeologists have discovered ancient settlements in supposedly uninhabited parts of the Amazon rainforest and proved that they were heavily influenced by human activities. It is believed that the lost villages were once home to up to a million people. University of Exeter )

Archaeologists have discovered ancient settlements in parts of the Amazon rainforest that were previously thought to have never been designated as homes by humans.

It has long been believed that communities in the past preferred to live near the major rivers. But with the discovery of hundreds of lost villages out of the water, the assumption seems to have been wrong.

Lost villages discovered in Amazon rainforest

New research revealed that in allegedly uninhabited parts of the Amazon rainforest, ancient settlements flourished once. The villages were once home to up to a million people with different communities speaking different languages.

With the discovery that humans not only lived near the great rivers, a huge gap in the history of the Amazon was filled. The rainforest, once considered largely untouched, was apparently heavily influenced by human activities such as agriculture and construction.

In the publication on the discovery published on the Nature Communications first author, Jonas Gregorio de Souza and his colleagues at the University of Exeter stated that the sites of ancient settlements were first found through satellite imagery. The deforested areas provided evidence of human activity through earthworks, including trenches for fortifications, earth platforms for houses, and sunken streets.

De Souza and his team inspected 24 of the identified sites and found archaeological sites that contained ceramic fragments, polished stone axes and fertile dark earth, proving a long-term human habitation.

What did the ancient Amazon settlements look like?

Today, one of the sites called Boa Vista is little more than 1

1 mounds surrounded by a ditch. De Souza, however, imagines that the hills were once houses that circled the central square of the village, and outside the ditch people built gardens and trees for fruit. The road leading to the enclosure may have had a ritual purpose, with countless processions causing its surface to harden. Perhaps, according to De Souza, the roads even connected several villages and linked the communities in the Amazon rainforest.

De Souza and his team now believe that there may still be hundreds of undiscovered ancient settlements in the Amazon rainforest communities before the Europeans arrived.

However, the existence of these ancient settlements and what they looked like are not the only important things related to the discovery. With the Amazon rainforest at its turning point, dwindling through degradation such as logging and mining, the Amazon must consider the impact of lost civilizations.

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