By Brian Lada Accu Weather meteorologist and staff writer
December 27, 2018, 2:56:26 PM EST
The new year will bring some notable astronomy events that will be visible to many across the United States, including a rare celestial alignment that won
In addition to these big events, 2019, feature three supermoons, a blue moon, multiple meteor showers and dozens of rocket launches from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Here are the top five astronomy events of 2019 to mark on your calendar:
Jan. 20-21: Super blood moon eclipse to glow red over United States
The most-viewed astronomy event of the year takes place in the middle of January as the moon turns red during a total lunar eclipse.  This is the only lunar eclipse of the year and will be viewed in the skies of North America and South America, as well as part of Europe and Africa Jan. 21.
As the moon passes through the Earth's shadow, it slowly turns rusty orange to deep red in color, earning it the nickname of a 'blood moon.'
A rare Santa Monica Beach, Calf., Wednesday, Jan. 31, 2018. (AP Photo / Ringo HW Chiu)
The entire eclipse, including the partial phases , wants to last between 9:36 pm EST and 2:48 a.m. EST. However, the total phase when the moon will appear will only last a little over an hour, between 11:41 p.m. EST and 12:43 a.m. EST.
This will be the last total lunar eclipse visible anywhere in the world until May 26, 2021.
May 6-7: Halley's Comet to spark Eta Aquarids meteor shower
Halley's Comet (1P / Halley), The Cosmic Bits burn up in our Eta Aquarid meteor shower, "NASA said.
This meteor shower favors the Southern Hemisphere with up to 60 meteors per hour, but those in the Northern Hemisphere can still see up to 30 meteors per hour at its peak.
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While other meteor showers, seek as December's Geminids, bring many more meteors per hour, the Eta Aquarids wants to be one of the few showers this year. "
Meteor showers are best viewed during a new moon due to the low amount of natural light pollution.
"Eta Aquarid meteors are known for their speed. These meteors are fast-traveling at about 148,000 mph (66 km / s) into Earth's atmosphere. Almost meteors can leave glowing "trains" (incandescent bits of debris in the wake of the meteor) which last for several seconds to minutes, "NASA said.
July 2: Total solar eclipse darkens sky over South America
The first total solar eclipse since 2017's Great American Eclipse will take place this July.
Most of the eclipse will take place over the unoccupied waters of the Pacific Ocean; however, it wants to be visible across a sliver of Chile and Argentina.
In this small area, called the path of totality, the moon wants to completely block out the sun. The rest of South America can expect a partial solar eclipse.
A total solar eclipse is blocked out in the sun in Tennessee on Aug 21, 2017. (AccuWeather Photo / Brian Lada)
The next total solar eclipse will not happen until Dec. 14, 2020, but wants to be visible in parts of Chile and Argentina.
Aug. 12-13: Perseids to impress summer stargazers
Every year, stargazers mark the perseid meteor shower on their calendars, which peaks this year on the night of Aug. 12 into the early morning of Aug. 13.  "The Perseid meteor shower is often considered to be one of the best meteor showers of the year due to its high rates and pleasant late-summer temperatures," NASA said.
Perseids as it falls right before the full moon, however, meteors associated with the perseids are usually brighter than meteors from other meteor showers stars.
"You do not need any special equipment to view the perseids – just your eyes (note that telescopes or binoculars are not recommended)," NASA said.
Nov. 11: Mercury to track across the face of the Sun
A rare pla
Mercury is typically located in the sky due to its close proximity to the sun , but in November, it wants to pass between the Earth and the Sun, appearing as a small black dot on the Sun's surface.
This event, known as a transit, does not happen often. Most recently, a transit of Mercury on May 9, 2016, and it will not happen again until Nov. 13, 2032.
This composite image of observations by NASA and the ESA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory shows the path of Mercury during its November 2006 transit. (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory / NASA / ESA via AP)
It is extremely important that people use a solar filter to look at the sun without any protection. 19659006] People with solar filter glasses left over from the Great American Eclipse in 2017
"If the filters are not scratched, punctured, or torn, you may reuse them indefinitely. 3 minutes at a time and that you should discard them if they are more than three years old. The ISO 12312-2 standard was adopted in 2015, "NASA said.
Anyone without a pair of solar filters can order them online from a list of reputable vendors and should
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