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Do you want to reduce the risk of stroke? Keep diet, workout regime in check

Chandril Chugh

For a long time we know that prevention is better than cure, and so is stroke. Stroke or brain attack is preventable and is a lifestyle-associated disease like many others today. In a way, stroke is a matter of choice, and you can decide if you want to prevent it. In most cases, stroke is the result of years of mishandling and an unhealthy lifestyle. If we can change our diet and lifestyle, most strokes can be prevented. Stopping a stroke is not rocket science; It's easy and can be done easily.

Brain attack or stroke

A sudden loss of brain function is referred to as a brain attack or stroke. A brain attack can be caused by a blocked vessel (known medically as ischemic stroke) or by a torn blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage).

Is it an emergency?



Stroke can cause one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Weakness and numbness on one side of the body
  • Difficulty in speaking and understanding words
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of vision
  • Severe headache
  • Sometimes even death

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The symptoms depend on which part of the brain is affected. If not treated in time, the weakness and other neurological deficits can become permanent and extremely obstructive.

Recognizing a stroke

Consider the 7S method for diagnosing and responding to a stroke:

  1. Suddenly (symptoms usually start suddenly)
  2. Slurred speech (language is not clear as if drunk)
  3. Page weak (face, arm or leg or all three can faint)
  4. Spiders (dizziness)
  5. Severe headache
  6. Eyesight (loss of vision)
  7. Seconds (note the time when the symptoms begin and rush to the hospital because stroke management time is critical and every second counts)

How bad is stroke?

According to a 2006 study in the US, a patient with ischemic stroke loses 19 lakh of brain cells every minute, about 1,400 crore nerve connections are destroyed every minute, and 12 km of nerve fibers are lost every minute. The end result is that the patient is paralyzed for life and becomes dependent. That's really scary.

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The treatment depends on what type of stroke the patient had.

Top Factor in Stroke Care

The most important part of stroke care is not the doctor or the hospital, but the patient. Because most strokes are painless, patients tend to ignore their symptoms and delay treatment. If the patient and the family notice stroke symptoms, the patient can be taken to the hospital and treated in a timely manner.


Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide. More than two-thirds of patients with a large stroke do not survive beyond the first year.

Consider this to prevent a stroke

Hypertension: The important thing is that everyone can control their blood pressure. The easiest way to do this is through exercise and diet and if needed medication. High Cholesterol: A simple way to manage cholesterol is to increase fruits and vegetables in the diet and avoid fried foods. The consumption of healthy fats from nuts (almonds or walnuts), fish oils and oils such as olive oil and linseed oil is also beneficial. The dietary reference intake (DRI) for fat in adults is 20-35% of total calories from fat. An average of 50 grams of fat per day is a safe zone.

Healthy sources of fat for Indian cooking are ghee, sunflower oil, peanut oil and mustard oil. Include all these in your diet for best results. Take care that fats can be hidden. Read the labels carefully before buying products. If diet does not work, medications can come to the rescue.

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Cardiovascular or heart failure is a clinical condition in which the Heart loses the ability to expel blood to meet the requirements of the body tissue. Regardless of the cause, nutritional issues must be considered in this condition to prevent morbidity and mortality. Patients with chronic heart failure have a constant risk of losing weight due to their state of health and low food intake due to lack of appetite, depression or lack of appetite due to drug use. Necessary procedures to maintain and restore nutritional balance are part of the treatment therapy. These include a reasonable change in calorie intake, reduction of sodium and fluid intake, maintenance of potassium and magnesium in the body and adequate supplementation with vitamins and minerals. Here are some simple tips from Dr. Ritika Samaddar, Chief Nutritionist at Max Hospital, Saket

High Sugar:
High sugar intake is not good for the body or brain. It is important to recognize this and to eliminate or at least limit the intake of sugary foods such as cold drinks, juices, biscuits, biscuits, chocolates and sweets.

Smoking: The smoke that enters the blood through the lungs and then circulates in the blood is known to make the blood sticky and cause strokes. So, stay away from smoking and keep your blood flowing smoothly.

Diet: My advice is simple: you can eat anything that comes from the ground (fruits, vegetables), it's white (low-fat milk, for example) but you know the most refined foods are also white make wise decisions) or sometimes pink (fresh fish or lean chicken). Stay away from everything that comes from a box, a plastic packet or a bottle.

Exercise: A good diet with regular exercise is the secret of good health. If you follow this routine, you do not have to worry about the first three points. Doctor: The last piece of the stroke prevention strategy is your doctor. Always get professional advice because "your brain is the Ferrari of your body, and you do not bring your Ferrari to a roadside mechanics".

-The author is Head of Interventional Neurology at the Max Super Specialty Hospital in New Delhi

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