NEW YORK (CNN) – Medical groups in the United States have long argued against consuming sugary drinks. Now they are calling for several directives to restrict access to sweetened drinks in children and adolescents. 19659002] On Monday, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association issued policy recommendations addressed to federal, state, and local legislatures and urged them to implement guidelines that would allow the intake of sugary drinks such as sodas, sports drinks and reduce juice. 19659002] The policy statement is the first time that AAP has recommended taxes on sugary drinks.
"I talk to my patients and their families all the time about the health damage of sugary drinks and the benefit of drinking especially water and water milk." But sugary drinks are still a major component of many child diets. easy to find, heavily marketed and tastes sweet, so kids like them Muth, a practicing pediatrician and registered nutritionist in Carlsbad, California, was the lead author of the policy statement published in Pediatrics magazine.
"At the same time, pediatricians diagnose type 2 diabetes, fatty liver and other disorders as cholesterol in our young patients, health problems that we have rarely seen in children in the past, and these are health issues associated with high levels of sugar intake "Muth said.
"We have tried to stem the intake of sugary drinks through education and individual choices," she said, "just as political changes were necessary and effective." To reduce the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, we need policy changes that will help reduce the consumption of sugary drinks in children and adolescents.
The Policy Statement specifically requests:
- an excise duty on sugar-sweetened beverages;
- federal and state governments support the decline in the marketing of sugary drinks to children and adolescents;
- federal food aid programs to increase access to healthy food
- Regulations requiring additional sugar content should be included on nutrition labeling, restaurant menus and advertisements
- where healthy drinks such as milk and water are the default setting for children's menus,
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Of all these policy recommendations, Muth said that a sugar-based excise duty has the best "evidence and precedents" that are most effective.
"We know that increasing the price leads to a decrease in consumption," she said. "We know from Bei play in communities where a sugar tax has already been introduced ", as in Mexico and Berkeley, California.
In response to the policy statement, "America's beverage companies believe that there is a better way to reduce the amount of sugar consumers receive drinks and it also involves putting parents on the driver's seat to decide what their children is best, "said William Dermody, a spokesman for the American Beverage Association, which represents the soft drinks industry, in a statement. 1
"We help parents who want less sugar in their children's diets by making more drinks than before, with less or no sugar and smaller serving sizes, and supporting efforts to make water, milk or 100 percent. Beverage restaurants serve kids' meals, "he added. "Today, 50 percent of all drinks sold contain zero sugar, as we aim to reduce beverage consumption by 20 percent by 2025."
Under policy recommendations, efforts have been made to serve standard water or milk drinks on children's menus in the new policy statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association.
The new policy statement follows on a separate study that was published last week in the journal Circulation and that found a positive link between the long-term age consuming sugary drinks and premature death in adults in the United States.
"Most of my work has been focused on adults, and we have shown that regular consumption of sugary drinks in addition to weight gain carries a higher risk" Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, some cancers and premature death, "said Vasanti Malik, a Harvard TH researcher who was not part of the new policy statement but who led the study.
She also praised the new policy statement.  "I thought the joint statement provided a good summary of some key policies to help reduce the intake of sugary drinks for children and adults," Malik said of the policy statement. "The reason for this call to action lies in the strong and consistent evidence that the intake of sugary drinks Associate with Adverse Health Effects. "
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