How many cigarettes are in a bottle of wine?
Drinking a 750-milliliter bottle of wine per week is associated with the same risk of cancer as smoking five cigarettes a week for men and 10 cigarettes for women. This emerges from a new study published Thursday in the journal BMC Public Health.
While many know that cancer-tobacco links are well established over the decades of scientific research, the classification of alcohol as a carcinogen by the public is not well understood. A 2017 study by the American Society of Clinical Oncology found that 70% of Americans did not know that alcohol consumption is a risk factor for cancer.
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The National Cancer Institute has "clear patterns" between alcohol consumption and developing head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer and breast cancer and colon cancer. The more people drink alcohol (including cumulative alcohol use over time), the higher the risk of developing cancer, but even light drinkers (who drink a drink a day) and binge drinkers (four or more drinks in a day) throwing back a session) have a slightly increased risk for these cancers.
The University of Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Bangor University, and the University of Southampton, UK, have set themselves the goal of comparing how the cancer risk of drinking wine can be compared to the risk of smoking cigarettes in order to prevent cigarette smoking Raise public awareness about alcohol-related cancer risks.
They analyzed data from Cancer Research UK on the lifetime risk of cancer in the general population, as well as data on the number of cancers in the population, which could be particularly related to tobacco and alcohol. They calculated that if 1
In addition, drinking three bottles of wine a week (or about half a bottle a day) was equated with the cancer risk of smoking from about eight cigarettes a week for men and 23 cigarettes a week for women.
Wine increases the risk of a woman higher than that of a man, since there is such a strong correlation between them breast cancer and alcohol consumption. A pooled analysis of data from 53 studies found that women who drank an alcoholic beverage daily increased the relative risk of breast cancer by about 7% compared to non-alcoholic women. those who had two to three drinks a day had a 20% higher risk. Women also drink more wine than men and consume 57% of US bottles, according to Nielsen. The Americans spent $ 71 billion on wine last year.
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The authors point out that the report contains many reservations; First, it was based on data from 2004. Other cancer risk factors such as age, diet or a family history of cancer were not taken into account. Other non-cancer-related smoking or alcohol-related ill health consequences such as respiratory diseases, cardiovascular or liver diseases were not taken into account.
"Alcohol is a known carcinogen. This study highlights the risk associated with alcohol use, "said Drs. Sarah Cate, Assistant Professor of Breast Surgery at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, across from MarketWatch. (She did not cooperate in this study.) "It's difficult to extrapolate the exact risk because the study did not look at any known risk factors for cancer, such as family history of cancer and other carcinogens, such as external radiation exposure," she added. "However, it is important for the public to consider the carcinogenic effects of alcohol, which are largely undervalued and published."
Dr. Theresa Hydes, the corresponding author, stated in a statement: "We wanted to answer the question: purely in terms of cancer risk – that is, to consider cancer isolated from other damages – how many cigarettes are in a bottle of wine? Our estimate of a cigarette equivalent for alcohol is a useful measure of communicating potential cancer risks that exploit successful historical news about smoking.
There is also research linking the health benefits to moderate alcohol consumption (especially red wine). Why are many consumers confused about the carcinogenic status of alcohol? Studies that highlight the heart's good antioxidants (also known as polyphenols and especially resveratrol) in red wine, or studies that show that modest amounts of all types of alcohol can raise healthy cholesterol and reduce the formation of blood clots, have many drinkers to assume that her after-work red is good for her. However, a recent Harvard Medical School article noted that it is difficult to isolate red wine as better for the heart, or perhaps the fact that people who drink red wine may do so as part of a healthy lifestyle, who has more to do with their heart health than the wine itself.
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However, a growing body of research is always showing more the disadvantage of drinking. An article published in Lancet last year states: "The safest level of alcohol is none." It was found that even one alcoholic drink a day could easily increase a person's risk for health problems, including car accidents, suicides, cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease and cancer. And too much alcohol increases the risk of liver and pancreas diseases, heart failure, stroke, weight gain and obesity and certain cancers.
The new report also wanted to be "absolutely clear that this study does not say that drinking alcohol in moderation is in any way equivalent to smoking," since smoking kills up to two-thirds of its users and accounts for 80% of all deaths through chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). "Our findings relate to the lifetime risk in the entire population," said Hydes. "On an individual level, the risk of cancer represented by drinking or smoking varies, and for many people, the effects of 10 units of alcohol (one bottle of wine) or five to ten cigarettes can be very different."
Don don pour your wine into the drain – just drink in moderation. For the record, a normal single alcoholic beverage in the US is measured as 12 ounces of beer; 8 to 9 ounces malt liqueur; 5 ounces of wine; and a 1.5-ounce shot of 80-percent distilled spirits or alcohol, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The American Cancer Society recommends that people who drink alcohol restrict their intake to a maximum of two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women.
"The use of cigarette smoking as a measure of risk is smart, but somewhat misleading," said Drs. Larry Norton, Deputy Chief Doctor of Breast Cancer Programs at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, told MarketWatch. "Lung cancer is a much more difficult disease than breast cancer. Even if moderate drinking is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, it can not be concluded that alcohol causes the increased risk. Association is not a cause … On the other hand, we know for sure that smoking causes lung cancer and other serious cancers. All in all, equating tobacco with alcohol has some real shortcomings.
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