It is already known that dogs with their sharp nose can spy on a variety of human diseases, including cancer.
A new study has shown that dogs may detect and diagnose a person with malaria. Evidence of this technology is helping scientists develop accurate diagnostic technology that can detect the dreaded parasitic infection that kills thousands of people each year.
Malaria. Release of malaria parasites from red blood cells. Picture credits: Kateryna Kon / Shutterstock
Researchers explain this in patients with epilepsy who are affected early In the case of cancers and people who suffer from fluctuations in blood sugar levels, the smell of urine, sweat and breath changes. This small change is often detected by the sharp noses of trained dogs.
Malaria is a parasite An infection caused by Plasmodium species, which can be detected by blood tests, kills thousands of animals every year and there are currently no non-invasive rapid tests to detect the infection, the high fever with chills May cause Severe Complications and Even Misuse if Improperly Treated According to Durham University entomologist Steven Lindsay, the development of a technology that uses the principles of the dog's nose to detect malaria could lead to the development of simple non-malignant diseases. Invasive tes help to detect malaria.
Dr. Lindsay explains that people with malaria often produce a "certain smell in the breath". It is speculated that the mosquitoes can detect and bite the presence of parasites in one human to spread the infection while biting another healthy person. Scientists speculate that even dogs possess first-class scent systems, and it is likely that they can recognize these parasites in humans through these characteristic odors.
Professor Lindsay presented the results of his research at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, held this year in New Orleans, and found that dogs (a Labrador and Labrador Retriever crossbreed), who were trained to smell malarial parasites from child-borne socks, were successful in spying on the parasite.
They were correct in finding a person infected with the infection 70 percent of the time, and were also correct in finding that one person did not have the infection in 90 percent of the time. Both are right with the infection or with the status of the infection without exception. With high accuracy.
Lindsay explained that the Gambian children who participated in the study were given overnight nylon socks overnight. The samples of these socks were then shipped in air-sealed packages to the UK to identify the odors of the trained dogs.
According to the research team, this is merely a "proof-of-concept" stage of the study, but this is the first step in finding an alternative to blood tests. Every year, hundreds of thousands of blood tests are performed to detect malaria in both infected and uninfected individuals.
According to Professor Lindsay, these dogs could potentially spy on malaria patients in large crowds. He added that the teams, along with national malaria control programs from various nations, would work to develop safe and non-invasive diagnostic alternatives. He said the next step could be to develop chemical detectors that can detect malaria from odor markers.
https://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/#!/4692/presentation/17373 and https: //www.medicaldetectiondogs.org.uk