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Home / World / Donald Trump made 84 false claims last week

Donald Trump made 84 false claims last week



Of course, he made 84 false claims.

Trump added 15 false claims in exchange with reporters, six in two interviews with New Hampshire media and ten on Twitter.

The Most Outrageous Wrong Claim: Google and the Election

As Tim Alberta of Politico documented in his book "American Carnage", in 2017 Trump's notorious false tweet about former President Barack Obama, who was allegedly listening to his phones at the Trump Tower after Trump accidentally saw a segment in Fox News.

Coincidentally or not, Trump's latest sensational and inaccurate assertion of nefarious behavior came after Fox Business aired a section on the subject.

Trump has found several excuses, including an imaginary electoral fraud, why he did not win the popular vote in the 201
6 elections. This time, he said his victory would have been bigger had Google not "manipulated from 2.6 million to 16 million votes for Hillary Clinton."
This claim was based on a highly flawed study that Trump inaccurately described.

The most revealing false claim: Michigan Man

We've already written extensively on it, so we'll be brief here, but let's pause and think again: that's what the President of the United States said At least seven times in three years, he has been named "Man of the Year" in a state where he has never lived, although apparently this has never happened. From fake title pages to fake compliments to the boy scout, Trump has boundless creativity when it comes to insignificant self-aggrandizement.

The Most Absurdly False Claim: The Time of Day [1991] In 1991, Spy magazine reported on an anonymous friend of Trump's, who allegedly said, "He would lie to you, what time it is – just for practicing." [19659005] During his energy speech on Tuesday, Trump looked at the crowd and said, "There are many people back there for one – like an 11 o'clock speech, that's a lot of people."

We do not know if he lied or just confused, but it was not 11 o'clock.

He left the commentary at around 14:40. The speech was scheduled for 14:10

Here is the full list of this week:

Electoral Fraud

California Electoral Fraud

"If you look at that, Judicial Watch has reached an agreement with California, or Los Angeles, where they found over a million names, which was very problematic, a problem, and look at this settlement, that's a lot of names Were 100 years old and voted, but we know they're not there anymore so they have a lot of electoral fraud. "- Aug. 18 Exchange with reporters

Facts first : There are none Evidence that there was a mass fraud involving deceased or other people in California

Trump was referring to a legal settlement in which California and Los Angeles County had agreed with the conservative group Judicial Watch to inactiate the names v. to delete voters from voter lists.

"The comparison with Judicial Watch did not reveal any evidence of fraud," said Rick Hasen, a suffrage expert and professor of law and political science at the University of California, Irvine.

Google and votes

"Wow, just get out! Google manipulated from 2.6 million to 16 million votes for Hillary Clinton in the 2016 elections! This was done by a Clinton supporter and not one Trump supporters! Google should be sued, my victory was even greater than expected! "- 19 August Tweet

Facts first : Trump has misjudged the results of this study, and the study itself has serious shortcomings. [19659002] Although the study claims "bias" in Google's search results, according to its author, there is no evidence that Google "manipulated" Clinton's search results or election results for results and voting in presidential elections.

Here you can read our full factual overview of this claim.

Energy and Environment

Wind Power

"Powerful, clean natural gas, and when the wind stops blowing it makes no difference, or, unlike the big windmills, that destroy the values ​​of all, kill all the birds, one day the environmentalists will tell us what's going on, and suddenly it stops, the wind and the television go out, and your wives and husbands say, "Darling, I want Seeing Donald Trump on TV tonight, but the wind stopped blowing and I can not watch, there is no electricity in the house, darling. "No, we love natural gas and we love many other things as well." – 13 August Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First : Wind Power as Part of a A mix of power sources does not cause power outages, as explained by the Federal Ministry of Energy on its website [19659033]. "Studies have shown that the grid can absorb large amounts of variable renewable energy without compromising reliability and this is not required for backup generation," says the Department of Energy.

The Department of Energy declares that while grid operators need to be aware of the variability associated with using wind and solar energy, they know how to handle it. because "all forms of energy production", including non-renewable sources, "sometimes can not work when requested".

James Manwell, professor and director of the Wind Energy Center at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, said in response to an earlier reversal of Trump's contention, "No one suggests that the wind alone sweeps all the electricity in a large power grid However, it could provide a very large proportion without adverse effects. "

While some property values ​​might decrease in the construction of nearby wind turbines, large academic studies have not found a statistically significant decrease.

Air Quality

"And we take no chances, and we have the cleanest air and cleanest water we've ever had in our country, the cleanest we've ever had." – Energy Issue on August 13 in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First : In several ways, the US air was cleaner under Obama than under Trump.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, three of the six types of pollutants classified as harmful to human health under the Clean Air Act were more prevalent in the air from 2018 than when Trump took office. There were more "unhealthy air days" for vulnerable groups in 2018 than 799 days in the 35 US cities surveyed by the EPA in 2016, compared to 702.

However, there was significantly more "unhealthy air days" in Obama's first year .de / archive / dn / 1995/03 / 22.html The lowest number of unhealthy air days – 598 – occurred in 2014 under Obama.

Hillary Clinton on Coal and Steel

"Remember, she wanted close-up of all coal. She was in an area where they did not make the coal." And she said, "Well, I'm looking forward to closing all the coal, it's closing in. Steel – will be in big trouble. "She forgot: In three weeks she went to West Virginia, which did not work out so well." – 13. August Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: While Clinton made a comment on the exclusion of miners and companies during the 2016 campaign, she said during her campaign, "Steel is for our production base Crucial, vital to our national security, and I will not allow this industry to disappear. "
In a CNN city hall on March 13, 2016, Clinton said," I am the only candidate to succeed po It will monitor how economic opportunities can be harnessed to harness clean renewable energy as the key to coal. Because we're going to get many miners and coal companies out of business, right? And we will make it clear that we do not want to forget these people.
Later, Clinton in West Virginia apologized for what she called a "misrepresentation." She also said her comments were left out of context.

Louisiana LNG Plant

"But this is only the beginning. My administration paves the way for other massive multi-billion dollar investments. We have just done one in Louisiana. It's a $ 10 billion investment. There are more tubes in this rig I've ever seen in my life … And you've never built such a rig in this country, never really, because there's never been such a big deal. But you did not build such plants because they did not let you into the environment. And yet it is ecologically so good what they have done and what they can build today. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First : Permits for the The visited plant Trump was granted by the Obama administration.

Trump spoke in May at Sempra Energy's Cameron liquefied natural gas export facility in Louisiana, the company said on its website: "The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approved the project in June 2014." The company confirmed to FactCheck.org, "You are right, Cameron LNG was admitted in 2014.

The first delivery of the plant took place at the end of May.

Power Generation [19659002] "We have the greatest resources that have really arisen in recent years. Nobody knew that. Fracking made it possible. Other new technologies made it possible. And now we are number one – remember, as I said – the number one energy producer in the world. I'm so proud of that, because we would not have been number five. They wanted to close it. They wanted to close it. "- August 13th Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

" We have ended the (gruesome) war of the last government against the American energy and deliver a policy of American energy independence, as you have never seen done before .. And the United States is now the world leader in oil and gas production. – Rally on August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First : The US has not only become "now" the world's best power generator: they took the 2012 Trump accused the industry of having waged a "war" against the US government's Energy Information Administration, and the US became the largest oil producer during Trump's tenure.
"The US have been the world's largest producer of natural gas since 2009, when US natural gas production surpassed that of Russia, and it was World's largest producer of petroleum hydrocarbons since 2013 when Saudi Arabia exceeded its production, "says the Energy Information Administration.
Trump clearly surpassed when he said, "they would close it". In his 2013 State In the speech of the Union, Obama called on the US to focus on clean energy, but added immediately: "In the meantime, the natural gas boom has led to cleaner electricity and greater energy independence, which we need to promote Government must continue to reduce bureaucracy and accelerate new oil and gas permits, which must be part of a comprehensive plan. "

China's Oil and Gas Promotion

" We are lucky. "They go to places like China, they have no They do not have it under control – they have to buy it and then devalue their currency and manipulate their currency – and that costs them a fortune to buy it – they've hurt themselves in the long run. "- 13 August Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First : China is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas. ]

The US Energy Information Administration writes on its website: "EIA estimates that China has the world's largest reserves of technically recoverable shale gas, and China was one of the first countries outside of North America to use its Shale resources. " The EIA ranks China 2017 as the sixth largest natural gas producer and 2018 as the fifth for "total oil and other liquefied gas production".
The EIA also notes a 2015 estimate that "China has 24.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves – the highest in the Asia-Pacific region (excluding Russia)." China's oil production does not meet rising domestic demand, but the government is actively trying to increase production.

Obama and Fracking [19659002] "The last government tried to stop Pennsylvania coal and Pennsylvania fracking." – Aug. 13 Energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts first : Obama tried the use of coal, but he did nothing to stop Pennsylvania Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking. The boom in fracking by Marcellus Shale of Pennsylvania occurred under Obama .

A representative of Marcellus Protest, a volunteer activist group in West Pennsylvania, called Trump's claim "pure inventive" in an e-mail: "We have no evidence or reminder that the Obama administration has even done anything On the contrary, President Obama is reminded that he has described his energy policy as "all the above". "(The representative asked to be quoted anonymously because the group did not have a single one.)" To stop Pennsylvania fracking. "

Obama said in his 2012 report on the state of the Union: "This country needs a comprehensive strategy that implements the above strategy every available source of American energy … We have a natural gas supply that is nearly 100 And my administration will take all sorts of measures to develop that energy safely. "Obama boasted in his 2013 State of the Union : "We produce more natural gas than ever before – and almost everyone has a lower energy bill."
Obama has issued new regulations for fracking, such as one that requires companies to disclose the chemicals used in the fracking process, but this is not even an attempt to close the entire Pennsylvania industry.

Ethan cracker plant in Pennsylvania

"It was the Trump administration that made it possible, no one else. You would never have done it without us." – August 13th Energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

"And we have incredible things going on in Pennsylvania – we've just opened a $ 10 billion plant, we've got a lot of them going on, many jobs … Pennsylvania, It would never have happened they would not have allowed them to fish, so they could never have built it, but what a place it is. "- 15 August Electoral rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts first : [19459011ShellannouncedinJune2016duringtheObamaadministrationthatithadmadeafinaldecisiontobuildtheplantAfederalregulatorycommissionheadedbyaTrumprepresentativeapprovedapipelinethatfeedsEthanintothefacilitybutTrumphaswronglyclaimedfullcreditforthefacility

Shell has stated that the key factors in his decision to build in Pennsylvania was the proximity to cost-effective Ethan, proximity to customers and tax incentives by the state government.

Shells US President acknowledged Trump when he introduced him to his speech at the plant on Tuesday and said, "Without the President's focus on energy infrastructure, this would not be possible." This focus has allowed us to break new ground the Falcon pipeline. "Nevertheless," nobody else "is an obvious exaggeration.

Read our full fact check on this claim here.

Economy

Mortgage Rates

"Mortgage rates are at an all-time low." – Aug. 18 Exchange with Reporters

Facts First : Certain mortgage rates are the lowest they were during the administration of Trump, but not the lowest of all time.

Last week, Freddie Mac reported that the 30-year fixed rate mortgage averaged 3.6%, the lowest since November 2016. Freddie Mac said this was "close" to a historic low, not a historic low. The all-time low in 2012 was 3.31%.

Interest rates

"You say you want low taxes, good education, strong military, strong borders, you want to be safe Houses, you want a house, you want low interest rates, you have low ones – hey, you have low interest rates, the lowest ever. "- Election Rally August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire

" The cost of borrowing is lower than ever. " – Aug. 18 Exchange with reporters

Facts First : Interest rates are low by historical standards, but they are not at a record low.

There are several ways to measure interest rates and borrowing costs, but the most important measures are not yet at a historical low. The effective federal rate, which the banks charge each other for the allocation of overnight money, stood at 2.4% at the end of July; it was well below 1% for the entire presidency of Obama. (It was above 5% in 2007 and plunged into recession in 2008.)
Trump himself disagreed with this allegation of "all-time lows" and repeatedly stated that Obama had the advantage of working at lower interest rates than he had to work with.

Unemployment

"And all the jobs, you know, we have records for jobs." Jack, we have the highest number of people in the United States who are working right now than we We had nearly 160 million people and the lowest unemployment rate. "- Aug. 15 Interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today [194559007] Facts First : It's true that more people are working than ever before – this number is rising with population growth – but not that the US has the lowest unemployment rate ever.
The unemployment rate this spring and summer – 3.7% per month in July and June, 3.6% per month in May and April – was the lowest since December 1969, but not the lowest ever. The record in 1953 is 2.5%.

Asian-American Unemployment

"And you've heard me say that, but now it's even better." The numbers have just come in. Unemployment in African Americans is the lowest in history American, Hispanic American – lowest in the history of our country. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

" Unemployment for African Americans – You've often heard me say I'm very proud of it – Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans have all of their lowest rates ever recorded recorded in the history of our country. "- Election Rally on August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : Trump voted in relation to the Black and Unemployment Rate Hispanics, but not in relation to the Asian quota.

Black Americans have the lowest unemployment rates since the government recorded employment statistics for them according to their current method (in the 1970s). Hispanic Americans used to be slightly lower in Trump's term, but he can still say that they were not lower under a former president.

However, the Asiatic rate stood at 2.8% in July – higher than the 2.6% rate in December 2016, Obama's last full month in office.

Car Production

"The energy transition also creates new jobs in West Virginia, Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, throughout They have no idea what's going on, including, as I said, car companies.We did not build any cars. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First : It's obviously not true that "we did not make cars" before Trump became president. The US produced in 2016 3,934,357 cars according to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers.
Car production actually declined under the Trump administration. In 2018, 2,795,971 cars were produced.

Production Orders

"Remember President Obama:" You need magic to bring back production orders. You need a magic wand. "Do not you remember?" Will not happen. "So far, we've returned 600,000 manufacturing jobs." – Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First : Between January 2017 When Trump took office, and July 2019, the last month with available data, the economy had added [19659032] 496,000 manufacturing professions; Trump was a bit more specific when you start in November 2016, the month of his choice, but in this case it's 523,000 jobs.

In addition, Obama did not say that creating jobs in manufacturing would not happen. "He said some manufacturing jobs were finally over, but also boasted how many were created."

In a PBS town hall in Elkhart, Indiana, Obama mocked Trump during the 2016 campaign, claiming it was without it Outlining a concrete plan to bring lost manufacturing jobs back to Mexico, he asked, "Which wand do you have?"

But Obama did not say that the entire manufacturing process was gone, he also noted that some manufacturers actually came back and boasted that "since my tenure as President, more manufacturing jobs have been created than ever before since the 1990s," and that "we actually make more material, have a larger manufacturing base." Today's base is as big as ever in our history. "

Michigan's Auto Industry

A story about his 2016 campaign in Michigan and his earlier Complaints about the withdrawal of automobile companies from the state. Trump claimed, "We have 17 companies coming back now." – August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : Trump did not know exactly what he meant by company, but there are not 17 Michigan-based automakers and one expert for Die Industry says there were not 17 car companies of any kind that left and came back.

"There are no 17 automakers in Michigan doing anything, much less walking and coming back," said Kristin Dziczek, vice president of industry, labor and economics at the Center for Automotive Research. "There are no more than nine or ten companies (excluding dealers and sales offices) in the state."

It's harder to review the activities of smaller supplier companies in the industry, but Dziczek said the "backs" part is clearly wrong because "this implies that a company or plant has left the company and has returned As of January 1, 2017, there were no 17 releases of fixed asset investments that physically left the company and have returned. "

Wage Growth

"For the first time in 20 years, wages are rising …" rally on August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : Wages have been rising since 2014 according to a common measure.

There are several ways to measure wage growth. Average weekly income, as it is often called, rose in mid-2014, albeit slowly, following a decline that began in the 2009 recession year. Average weekly warnings declined from $ 330 per week in the second quarter of 2009 to $ 349 per week in the fourth quarter of 2016.
Trump could accurately state that wage growth during his presidency was faster than under Obama, but he wrong that this was the first time in 20 years an increase.

Popularity and Achievements

Man of the Year in Michigan

You named me Man of the Year in Michigan. I did not even understand it myself, but I was named Man of the Year. – August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : CNN and other news agencies have found no evidence that Trump was ever named Michigan's Man of the Year.

Here you can read our full factual review of this claim.

The Opioid Epidemic

"We have worked really hard on the opioid, as you know pharmaceutical companies, and we have a drop of 16, 17%, which is enormous. That does not satisfy, but we have a decline … So we work on it, but we've dropped by 17% from that moment on. "- August 15 interview with Adam Sexton of WMUR TV

Facts first : Trump did not explain exactly what he was referring to, but the most prominent statistics associated with the opioid epidemic The number of overdose deaths has not fallen by 16% or 17% at the national level, according to the latest available data.

According to preliminary data from the centers, deaths due to overdoses between January 2018 and By an estimated 3.4% back to disease control and prevention in 2019. In New Hampshire, where Trump spoke when he made these remarks, it was 6.6%.

Overdose deaths

" … Last year, we saw the first nationwide decline in overdose deaths in 31 years. It's pretty amazing. "- August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : This was one of Trump's trademark exaggerations . According to preliminary data from the National Center for Health Statistics of the US For the first time since 1990 or after 28 years, the number of deaths due to overdoses fell in 2018 for the first time since 1990 or after 28 years in American Centers for the Control and Prevention of Diseases. [194559005] Forensic Appointments [19659006] "We will be in the next two Months to have 179 federal judges. Nobody would have thought that was possible. And that was because President Obama was unable to complete it. So I inherited about 138 empty seats. Nobody can believe it. "- Exchange with reporters on August 15

" I do not know what happened to them, but I came into office and had 138 judges who were not appointed by President Obama. That's why I say: 'Thank you very much, Mr President, very well. & # 39; And they will say, "He was a great president." The fake message: "He was a great president." If he was a great president, why was he appointing me judge when everyone says that's the most important thing a president of the United States has to do. "- Election Rally August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire

" And just as important, we will have 179 federal judges in another 90 days … President Obama did not do his job and I inherited 138 empty positions. " – 18. August Austausch mit Reportern

Fakten zuerst : Trump trat mit 138 offenen Stellen nicht in das Amt ein. Laut Russell Wheeler, einem Gastwissenschaftler an der Brookings Institution, der die Ernennung von Justizbeamten nachverfolgt, gab es am 1. Januar 2017, kurz bevor Trump sein Amt antrat, 103 freie Stellen in Bezirks- und Berufungsgerichten sowie eine freie Stelle am Obersten Gerichtshof.

Mitch McConnell, der Mehrheitsführer des Republikanischen Senats, hat die Bestätigung vieler von Obamas gerichtlichen Kandidaten zu einem späten Zeitpunkt seiner Amtszeit blockiert.

Die Menge in New Hampshire 17.000 Leute draußen, die nicht hineinkommen konnten. Die Feuerwehrleute schließen es auf einer bestimmten Ebene. Die Arena gab bekannt – ich kenne die Leute in der Arena nicht -, dass ich Elton Johns Rekord gebrochen habe. " – 18. August Austausch mit Reportern

Fakten zuerst : Trump hat in der Arena die Besucherrekorde gebrochen und Elton John geschlagen, aber er übertreibt die Anzahl der Leute, die außerhalb der Arena festsitzen um einzusteigen.

Der stellvertretende Generaldirektor der SNHU Arena, Jason Perry, bestätigte, dass Trump eine größere Menge hatte als John in Manchester und sagte, dass Trump über 11.500 und John knapp 11.400 Personen hatte. Aber Perry sagte auch: "Die beste Schätzung für den Außenbereich sind zwischen 3.500 und 4.000, die sich angesammelt haben und nicht hineinkommen konnten."

Mitch Cady, der für Trumps Kundgebung zuständige Feuermarschall, sagte, die überfüllte Menge draußen sei näher gekommen auf die Hälfte dessen, was der Präsident behauptete. "Wir schätzten die Größe konservativ auf 8-9.000 Personen. Auch dies ist nur eine Schätzung, die auf Faktoren basiert, die wir zur Ermittlung der Insassenbelastung und der von der Menge aufgenommenen Quadratmeterzahl verwenden", sagte Cady. 19659002] Verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittelpreise

"Unsere ehrgeizige Kampagne zur Senkung der Preise für verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittel hat den größten Rückgang der Arzneimittelpreise seit 51 Jahren und den einzigen seit 51 Jahren zur Folge." – 15. August Wahlkampfkundgebung in Manchester, New Hampshire

Fakten zuerst : Dies war eine leichte Übertreibung. Die Preise für verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittel sind im vergangenen Jahr zum ersten Mal seit 46 Jahren nach einer von mehreren Maßnahmen gesunken.

Der Verbraucherpreisindex für verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittel ging zwischen Dezember 2017 und Dezember 2018, dem ersten Kalenderjahr, um 0,6% zurück. Jahresschwund seit 1972. Wie die Wash ington Post kürzlich in einem eigenen Faktencheck hervorhob, ist der Verbraucherpreisindex nach Ansicht einiger Experten ein fehlerhaftes Maß für die Entwicklung der Arzneimittelpreise, da darin keine Rabatte enthalten sind, die Arzneimittelunternehmen an Versicherer zahlen. [19659007] Das IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science, das die Arzneimittelpreise untersucht, stellte fest, dass "die Nettodrogenpreise in den USA im Jahr 2018 um geschätzte 1,5% gestiegen sind". Trump kann vernünftigerweise den Verbraucherpreisindex anführen. Die Anzahl der Jahre war knapp.

Das Recht, es zu versuchen

"Und um Patienten mit lebensbedrohlichen Krankheiten zu helfen, haben wir auch etwas weitergegeben, auf das ich so stolz bin – 44 Jahre, auf die sie nicht konnten Ich bekomme es nicht hin. — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: There had not been a 44-year push for a federal Right to Try law, experts said.

Similar laws have been passed at the state level only since 2014, after the Goldwater Institute, a libertarian think tank, began pushing for them.

Right to Try laws seek to make it easier for terminally ill patients to access experimental medications that have not received Food and Drug Administration approval for widespread use.

"I have no idea what 'they've been trying to get' for 44 years. The Right to Try law was a creation of the Goldwater Institute, and it first became state law in 2014 (in Colorado), relatively soon after it was first conceived of," said Alison Bateman-House, assistant professor of medical ethics at New York University's Langone Health.

Veterans Choice

"And we're taking care of our military, and we're taking care of our vets. Veterans Choice: You've been hearing it about for 45 years. I got it approved. Veterans Choice. We're taking care of our veterans. We're taking care of our military like never, ever before." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

"You look at the military, you look at what we've done with VA Choice, we had VA Choice approved. I used to talk about it all the time in New Hampshire. We got VA Choice approved." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"From forever, five decades, we passed for our great veterans VA Choice… " — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump did not get the Veterans Choice program passed. The program was signed into law by Obama in 2014.

In 2018, Trump signed the VA MISSION Act, which expanded and changed the Choice program.

Trump was not clear at the rally about what he meant by "five decades," but he has previously claimed that people had been trying to get Veterans Choice passed for "44 years."

Electoral votes in 2016

"They came from the hills, they came from the mountains, from the rivers, they came from all over the place. And they showed up, and they voted like nobody's seen before and it was 306 to 223, remember?" — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Hillary Clinton earned 232 electoral votes to Trump's 306, not 223. This was not a one-time slip: Trump has habitually said it was "223" for Clinton.

Visits to Pennsylvania

"And this is my 13th visit to Pennsylvania during my administration, which is more than any other president to this point in the term." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: According to CBS News White House correspondent Mark Knollerwho has been maintaining comprehensive records on presidential travel since 1996, George W. Bush had made 21 visits to Pennsylvania at the same point in his term.

Beaver County, Pennsylvania

"This Shell petrochemical plant in Beaver County, Pennsylvania — I did very well here. We did very well. How many points did we win by? Does anybody know? I'll tell you. Isn't it, I think, 28 points? That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump won Beaver County by 18.7 points in 2016, not 28 points.

Trump received 57.6% of the vote in the county, Hillary Clinton 38.9%.

The time of day

"Now, the press will try and spin that differently, but I'm right, okay? The fake news. That's a lot of people back there for a — like an 11 o'clock speech. That's a lot of people. That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The speech was scheduled to begin at 2:10 p.m. Trump made this comment at about 2:40 p.m.

This might well have been a slip rather than intentional deception, but Trump was using the inaccurate time of day to suggest that the size of the media crowd was especially impressive, so we're counting it.

Wollman Rink renovation

"Even when I was doing the Wollman Rink, the city couldn't build it. Took them nine years. They had no idea what they were doing." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump took over the renovation of the Wollman Rink in Central Park in 1986 after the city attempted to renovate it for six yearsnot nine.

Wollman rink size

"And I had that whole big — about 70,000 feet — it's like a massive office floor, bigger than an office floor." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Wollman Rink in New York City's Central Park, which Trump renovated in the 1980s, is 33,000 square feetaccording to the Central Park website.

Mental institutions

"They closed so many — like 92% — of the mental institutions around this country over the years, for budgetary reasons." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: There is no evidence that backs up the President's claim that 92% of mental institutions have closed. He appeared to be conflating a decrease in the number of available beds at mental hospitals with the institutions themselves.

While the number of mental institutions has not decreased as drastically as Trump claims, the Treatment Advocacy Centre, a national nonprofit "dedicated to eliminating barriers to the timely and effective treatment of severe mental illness," found that the amount of staffed state mental hospital beds has decreased by 96.5% from peak hospital population numbers in the 1950s to 2016.

D. Imelda Padilla-Frausto, a research scientist at UCLA's Center for Health Policy Research, said she thinks Trump has "misunderstood" the situation.

"There has never been a time period in the US where 92% of mental institutions were closed," Padilla-Frausto told CNN. "From 1950 to 2015 there has only been a 39% reduction in state and county psychiatric hospitals — which are often referred to as 'mental institutions.' As of the most recent data in 2017, there has actually been about a 5% increase."

Democrats

Democrats and the economy

"Our Economy is very strong, despite the horrendous lack of vision by Jay Powell and the Fed, but the Democrats are trying to 'will' the Economy to be bad for purposes of the 2020 Election. Very Selfish!" — August 19 tweet

Facts First: There is no evidence the Democrats are trying to damage the economy to hurt Trump.

Many Democrats have called on Trump to end his trade war with China, which has been cited by many economic analysts as a major factor impeding economic growth. Democrats have also urged him to pass a major infrastructure spending bill, which would serve as economic stimulus.

Joe Biden

"I think Sleepy Joe may be able to limp across the finish line. But today they announced that they're going to cut way back on his appearances because he is such a disaster, they're going to have fewer appearances. You've heard that, right? This is certain. They're going to cut way back on his appearances. Can you believe it? If I ever did that, it would be over." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Former Vice President Joe Biden's campaign did not announce that he would be cutting back on his appearances.

Trump was likely referring to an article in The Hill that said unnamed Biden "allies" were "floating" the idea of limiting his schedule to reduce his gaffes — but the article also quoted deputy campaign manager Kate Bedingfield as saying Biden didn't plan to change his approach.

Democrats' health care plans

"Every major Democrat running for president supports a massive government takeover of health care that would raid Medicare and destroy the private health insurance plans of millions of American families that they love." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Biden, the frontrunner in the Democratic polls, is proposing to allow people to keep their private insurance plans. So are several other candidatesincluding South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar and Montana Gov. Steve Bullock.
Biden's plan would let people opt into a program similar to Medicare, but they could also stay on their current insurance if they preferred.

"Medicare for All" health care proposals endorsed by other Democratic presidential candidates, like Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, would mandate a Medicare-style single-payer system for everyone. These plans would indeed ban private insurance except for supplemental coverage for anything not covered by the single-payer system.

Sanders' bill, which Warren has co-sponsored, would indeed replace the current Medicare program with a new national program. But his proposal is essentially to offer a more generous version of Medicare to a greater number people, so it is misleading to say such plans would "raid" Medicare and not make clear that Medicare enrollees would still be covered.

Democrats and the border

"Yet Democrats want to open borders and Republicans want strong borders. That's your difference. One wants open borders. Who can even think of an open border? Think of it." And: "Democrats want open borders, they don't mind crime. We do mind crime. And that's the way it is." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

"All my rhetoric is that we have to have borders, they want to have open borders." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"Democrats want Open Borders and Crime! So dangerous for our Country." — August 19 tweet

Facts First: Some Democrats, including Warren and former secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro, another Democratic presidential candidate, have advocated for a significant loosening of immigration law, including a decriminalization of the act of illegally crossing the border. But none of them have proposed literally opening the border to unrestricted migration.

During the Trump era, Democrats have voted for billions of dollars' worth of fencing and other border security measures. In 2018, Democratic leaders offered Trump $25 billion for border security in exchange for a path to citizenship for the "Dreamers," young undocumented immigrants brought to the US illegally as children.

Obama's book deal

"I got sued on a thing called 'emoluments.' Emoluments. You ever hear the word? Nobody ever heard of it before. They went back. Now, nobody looks at Obama getting $60 million for a book. That's okay. Even though nobody in history ever got that money for a book. Obama got $60 million. Think of it: $60 million for a book. Nobody looks." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Obama did not receive $60 million for "a book." Barack Obama and Michelle Obama secured a reported $65 million joint deal for a book by each of them.
Also, of course, the Obamas received their book deal in 2017, while out of office. The Constitution's emoluments clause is about payments from foreign governments to current officeholders.
Michelle Obama's book, "Becoming," has spent 39 weeks on The New York Times hardcover nonfiction bestseller list. The parent company of its publisher said in March that it had sold nearly 10 million copies.

The $65 million figure would make the deal the largest book deal involving a former president, with a former first lady or not.

Foreign affairs and the military

Payments to Greenland

"It's hurting Denmark very badly because they're losing almost $700 million a year carrying it. So they carry it at a great loss." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: Denmark's annual subsidy to Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark, is for less than $600 million.

According to a representative from Greenland's Ministry of Finance, Head of Division Anders Fonnesbech-Wulff, the grant for 2019 is expected to amount to 3.86 billion Danish kroner (DKK), which is approximately $573 million. The amount has increased slightly over the years, from $547 million (3.68 billion DKK) in 2016 to $553 million (3.72 billion DKK) in 2017 to $568 million (3.82 billion DKK) in 2018. All US dollar amounts are based on the Tuesday exchange rate.

The Iran deal

"You saw we ended the Iran disaster. How about that? We paid them $150 billion, $1.8 billion in cash. Cash, cash, cash. We got nothing." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The second figure is roughly correct, but the first is exaggerated.

The Iran nuclear deal allowed the country to access tens of billions in its own assets that had been frozen in foreign financial institutions because of sanctions; experts say the total was significantly lower than $150 billion.

Trump did not invent the $150 billion figure out of thin air: Obama himself mused in a 2015 interview about Iran having "$150 billion parked outside the country." But experts on Iran policy, and Obama's own administration, said that the quantity of assets the agreement actually made available to Iran was much lower.

In 2015, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew put the number at $56 billion. PolitiFact reported that Garbis Iradian, chief economist at the Institute of International Finance, put it at about $60 billion.
Adam Szubin, a senior Treasury Department official, testified to Congress in 2015 that the "usable liquid assets" would total "a little more than $50 billion." The rest of Iran's foreign assets, he said, were either tied up in "illiquid" projects "that cannot be monetized quickly, if at all, or are composed of outstanding loans to Iranian entities that cannot repay them."

As Trump regularly notes, the Obama administration did send Iran $1.7 billion to settle a decades-old dispute over a purchase of US military goods Iran made before its government was overthrown in the Islamic Revolution of 1979.

The war in Afghanistan

"Just completed a very good meeting on Afghanistan. Many on the opposite side of this 19 year war, and us, are looking to make a deal – if possible!" — August 16 tweet

"I think just that we've been there for 19 years. We're like a police force." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: This was a small exaggeration. The US invaded Afghanistan in October 2001, less than 18 years ago. This was not a one-time slip though; Trump habitually says "19 years."

NATO spending

"And my biggest fan is Secretary General (Jens) Stoltenberg from NATO. He said, 'Until President Trump came along, we were going like' [moves hand in a downward sloping motion] boom, they would have been finished very quickly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Military spending by NATO members other than the US was not declining, nor was NATO on the brink of being "finished," prior to Trump's presidency.

According to official NATO figures, spending increased by 1.8% in 2015 and 2.6% in 2016, before Trump took office. Trump-era increases have been higher — 6% in 2017 and an estimated 3.8% in 2018 — and Stoltenberg has credited Trump for his role in prompting the increase. But the upward trend started two years before Trump's tenure began.
In 2014, NATO countries who were not yet meeting the alliance guideline of spending 2% of their Gross Domestic Product on defense re-committed to meeting the target. Spending began rising after that.

Venezuela's wealth

"You see what happened to Venezuela with socialism. Venezuela 15 years ago was one of richest countries. Now, they don't have water, they don't have food, they don't have anything." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Venezuela was not one of the world's richest countries 15 years ago.

The International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook ranked Venezuela 67th in the world in 2004 by GDP per capita, at $4,019 (US) — better than more than half of the world's countries, but nowhere near the top.

"Venezuela was one of the richest countries in the world 60 years ago. The richest in Latin America 40 years ago. But not 20 years ago," Ricardo Hausmann, a former Venezuelan planning minister and central bank board member, said in response to a previous version of this Trump claim. Hausmann, now a Harvard University professor of economic development, was chief economist of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1994 to 2000.

The Golan Heights

"And just three months ago, we also recognized the Golan Heights as being a part of and protected by Israel." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights in Marchnearly five months prior. (He has often moved the date of past achievements closer to the present.)

Military planes

"When I took over our military was sad. We weren't flying half of our planes, they were old." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: In fiscal year 2016, 72.1% of the Air Force's fleet was flyable. It was 71.3% in fiscal year 2017, the Air Force Times reported.

The readiness of Air Force planes was on the decline before Trump took office, but "we weren't flying half our planes" is an exaggeration.

Trade

Who is paying for the tariffs on China

"No, we're doing this for Christmas season, just in case some of the tariffs would have an impact on US customers, which, so far, they've had virtually none." — August 13 exchange with reporters
"Through massive devaluation of their currency and pumping vast sums of money into their system, the tens of billions of dollars that the U.S. is receiving is a gift from China. Prices not up, no inflation. Farmers getting more than China would be spending. Fake News won't report!" — August 13 tweet
"Good things were stated on the call with China the other day. They are eating the Tariffs with the devaluation of their currency and 'pouring' money into their system." — August 14 tweet
"We are winning, big time, against China. Companies & jobs are fleeing. Prices to us have not gone up, and in some cases, have come down." — August 14 tweet

"We are taking in billions of dollars in tariffs. And again, China is devaluing their currency, they're pouring out money, the prices haven't gone up. So that means we are taking in billions of dollars, we are not paying for it and ultimately their devaluations are going to hurt them very badly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

"The tariffs have really bitten into China. They haven't bitten into us at all — except for the reporters that want to make it look that way, but they don't understand what's happening. The tariffs, we've taken in close to $60 billion in tariff money. And the consumer has not paid for them. Now, at some point, they may have to pay something. But they understand that." — August 15 exchange with reporters

"Import prices down, China eating Tariffs." — August 18 tweet

"…We're not paying for the tariffs, China is paying for the tariffs, for the 100th time. And I understand tariffs very well. Other countries, it may be that if I do things with other countries, but in the case of China, China is eating the tariffs, at least so far." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: American importers make the actual tariff payments, and economic studies have found that Americans, not people and companies in China, have borne most of the cost.

This same week, Trump acknowledged at least the possibility that tariffs on China might hurt US consumers when he delayed planned additional tariffs until December 15. Peter Navarro, his trade adviser, described the move as a "Christmas present to the nation."

A March paper from economists at Columbia, Princeton and the New York Federal Reserve found that the "full incidence" of Trump's tariffs has fallen on domestic companies and consumers — costing them $3 billion a month by the end of 2018. The paper also found that the tariffs led to a reduction in US income by $1.4 billion a month.
A separate academic paper also found that the tariffs led to higher consumer prices. It estimated that the tariffs will result in a $7.8 billion-per-year decline in income.
The White House's Economic Report of the President also acknowledged that American consumers do pay some of the cost of these tariffs. Domestic producers, according to the report, benefit from price increases from the tariffs, but "offsetting these benefits are the costs paid by consumers in the form of higher prices and reduced consumption."

Some Chinese suppliers might take on some of the burden of the tariff by reducing their prices to maintain a market in the United States, but these studies show that the burden heavily falls on US consumers and companies.

Trade deficit with China

"China is taking out $500 billion a year, and much more than that, if you include the theft of intellectual property." — August 13 exchange with reporters

"China has taken out over $500 billion a year for many years from our country. And that's not going to happen anymore." And: "We can't allow China to take, out of our country, $507 billion every year, not including intellectual property theft and so many other things." — August 15 exchange with reporters

"China is ripping our country like has never happened before in history with any country. They were taking out $500 billion a year, $500 billion, and that's not including intellectual property theft, which they were stealing like crazy." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"While others allowed China to freely loot the US economy, $500 billion dollars a year. Not million, not million. Billion, with a B." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The US has never had a $500 billion trade deficit with China.

The 2018 deficit was $381 billion when all kinds of trade were considered, $420 billion when counting goods alone and excluding services. Those were both record figures.

We'll ignore Trump's suggestion that a trade deficit amounts to China taking or looting money from the US, which is rejected by most economists.

Farmers and China

"And by the way, the biggest beneficiary, you know who have been great? Our great farmers have been so incredible because they have been targeted by China." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: While farmers have not unequivocally benefited from the tariffs, the Trump administration has attempted to compensate for losses due to tariffs as part of the ongoing trade war between the US and China.

The New York Times reported on July 15 that Trump's tariffs on China had generated about $21 billion as of July 10. As Trump noted later last week, he has promised a total of $28 billion in aid to farmers over the last two years — so the tariff revenue so far does not even cover the cost of his pledge.
Many farmers and agricultural groups continue to speak out about the harm the tariffs are causing them and to say that they would prefer the elimination of the tariffs to continued government aid.

Trade deficit with Japan

"I told (Japanese) Prime Minister (Shinzo) Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.'…But the deficit is massive, which — changing rapidly…But we're losing $78 billion." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US trade deficit with Japan in goods and services was $58 billion in 2018. It was $68 billion when counting trade in goods alone and ignoring trade in services.

Exports to Japan

"Many car plants — they're coming in from Japan. I told Prime Minister Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.' They send thousands and thousands — millions — of cars. We send them wheat. Wheat. That's not a good deal. And they don't even want our wheat. They do it because they want us to at least feel that we're okay. You know, they do it to make us feel good." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US exports far more than just wheat to Japan. Japan is the 4th biggest export market for the US, buying $120.4 billion in US goods and services in 2018.

In 2018, the US exported to Japan $8.8 billion in mineral fuels, $8.2 billion in machinery, $7.5 billion in optical and medical instruments and $13 billion in agricultural products, according to the Office of the US Trade Representative.

Wheat is not even the top agricultural export to Japan. Wheat exports totaled $698 million in 2018, behind corn, beef, pork and soybeans.

There is no apparent basis for Trump's claim that Japan only buys US wheat to make Americans feel good.

The steel industry

"Pennsylvania steel raised the skyscrapers that built our cities. And, by the way, steel — steel was dead. Your business was dead. Okay? I don't want to be overly crude. Your business was dead." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that "steel was dead" before Trump imposed his tariffs last year. Though US Steel had significantly declined from its heyday and had faltered for much of the decade, it had earned a profit in 2017. Other American steel companies, notably Nucor, were thriving before the tariffs.

Bloomberg reported in an October 2018 fact check: "In fact, US steelmakers Nucor Corp. and Steel Dynamics Inc. were two of the healthiest commodity companies in the world before Trump took office." Nucor reported consolidated net earnings of $1.3 billion for 2017 and $796 million for 2016. Steel Dynamics earned $813 million in 2017 and $382 million in 2016.

Once-dominant US Steel, a company Trump has regularly referenced, earned $387 million in 2017, the year before Trump imposed the tariffs. The company had struggled so badly in the years prior that it was dropped in 2014 from the S&P 500 stock index, but it was certainly not dead.

Steel plants before the tariffs

"I'll tell you what: Those steel mills — US Steel and all of them, all of them — they're expanding all over the place. New mills. New expansions. We hadn't have — we didn't have a new mill built in 30 years, and now we have many of them going up." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that no steel mills had been built in 30 years prior to Trump's presidency or prior to his tariffs.

V&M Star announced a $650 mill in Ohio in 2010. Big River Steel announced a $1 billion mill in Arkansas in 2013. Benteler Steel/Tube broke ground on a $975 million mill in Louisiana the same year.

Various other plants were idled or closed over the past 30 years, but it's simply false that none were built.

World Trade Organization record

"And, you know, we were losing all our cases until I came along. We were losing all our cases in the World Trade Organization. Almost every case, we were — lost, lost, lost. They thought we were stupid. They were the ones ruling. And then I came along. Now we're winning a lot of cases because they know that they're not on very solid ground. We will leave, if we have to. An d a ll of the sudden, we're winning a lot of cases. We're winning most of our cases. And it's only because of attitude, because we know that they have been screwing us for years. And it's not going to happen any longer. They get it. They get it. So they're giving us victories. They're giving us victories." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: There is no basis for Trump's claim that the US was losing "all" of its WTO cases before he came along. Contrary to Trump's repeated assertion, the US has long been successful in WTO disputes: his own Council of Economic Advisers said in a report in February 2018 that the US had won 86% of the cases it has brought since 1995.

The global average was 84% and China's figure 67%. As is standard for the WTO, the US tended to lose cases where it is defending the case rather than bringing it — but even in those cases, Trump's advisers noted that it did better (25% victory rate) than the world average (17% ) or China's record (just 5%).

A Bloomberg Law review in March of this year found that the US success rate in cases it brings to the WTO had increased extremely slightly since Trump took office, fro m 84.8% in 20 16 to 85.4%. So there's a kernel of truth to Trump's claim, but an increase of 0.6 percentage points does not seem to justify his story about his "attitude" producing a significant change.

The WTO and China

"By the way, World Trade Organization, it made China. China made themselves. They did a good job. But they ripped off our country for years, and with our money and World Trade Organization backing. And then they took advantage of the rules of the World Trade Organization. And I'm being nice when I say 'took advantage.' Much more than 'took advantage.' They went up like a rocket ship. They were flat-lined for 100 years. And then, one day, World Trade Organization — a terrible move." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: China's economy was not "flat-lined for 100 years" before it became a member of the World Trade Organization in late 2001. China had experienced significant growth for years prior.

According to World Bank figures, China grew by 7.7% in 1999, 8.5% in 2000 and 8.3% in 2001. It then grew by 9.1% in 2002, 10.0% in 2003 and 10.1% in 2004. Its post-WTO growth peaked at 14.2% in 2007 — almost identical to its growth in 1992.

Nicholas Lardy of the Peterson Institute for International Economics wrote in 2008: "China has been the fastest growing economy in the world over almost three decades, expanding at 10 per cent per year in real terms." In an email to CNN in July, when Trump made another version of this comment, Lardy said, "Uninformed would be the best characterization of the President's comment."

Japan and auto plants

"But what they're doing is they're buying a lot of our stuff, including our military equipment. They're building car plants now in the United States — in Michigan, in Pennsylvania. Many, many of the Japanese car companies are coming over and building car plants in the United States." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Japanese automakers are not building new plants in Michigan and Pennsylvania. Two Japanese automakers, Toyota and Mazda, have announced plans to build a US plant during Trump's presidency; their joint venture is under construction in Alabama.

Trump has said since last year that Japan's Abe, has told him that more Japanese automakers will soon announce major US investments. But none of the companies has announced a new US plant since Toyota and Mazda introduced the joint venture in early 2018.

"There are no Japanese automakers currently building plants or making announcements that they plan to build manufacturing plants in Michigan or Pennsylvania," said Kristin Dziczek, the Center for Automotive Research's vice president for industry, labor and economics.

Japanese automakers have made additional investments in existing facilities.

Tariff revenue

"I just see where we've collected close to $59 billion in tariffs so far. And, in my opinion, the consumer has not paid for it because of the devaluation by China. They devalued and they pumped a lot of money into their system. So, it's really been an amazing — it's been an amazing period of time." And: "The only impact has been that we've collected almost $60 billion from China — compliments of China." — August 13 exchange with reporters

Facts First: The figure that is close to $60 billion is for revenue generated by duties on all countries this year, not just tariffs on China.

In its monthly report to Congress for July, the Treasury Department noted that the US has collected $57 billion in customs duties this year.
The New York Times reported in July that Trump's tariffs on China had generated $20.8 billion as of then.

US Steel

"Together, we're restoring this nation's industrial might and we are doing it with American iron, American aluminum and American steel. We're doing steel. Steel industry is hot. They were dumping steel all over. They were destroying our companies. US Steel now, all of them — they're all expanding. The steel industry is back, it's doing great." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We give Trump broad leeway to claim that the industry is doing well, but US Steel is not currently expanding. It announced in June that it would idle two of its blast furnaces in the US, one in Indiana and one in Michigan, plus another furnace in Europe.
US Steel revealed the week after Trump spoke that it would temporarily lay off 200 workers at the Michigan facility. Though the company has been profitable since Trump imposed his tariffs on foreign steel last year, its stock price has plummeted more than 70%.

The New York Times

"The New York Times will be out of business soon after I leave office, hopefully in 6 years. They have Zero credibility and are losing a fortune, even now, especially after their massive unfunded liability. I'm fairly certain they'll endorse me just to keep it all going!" — August 18 tweet

Facts First: The New York Times Company is making profits and is not on the verge of going out of business.

Two weeks before Trump's tweet, the company announced second quarter operating profit of $37.9 million. Its first quarter operating profit was $34.6 million.

Building the wall

"Think of it, we protect the border of South Korea, but we don't protect our own border. But now we are. And the wall is being built…The wall is being — and we're going to have a lot of it. We're going to have anywhere from 400 to 500 miles built by the end of next year. We're building a lot of wall and we need it." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

"…We're building the wall. It's going up now, you know, we won the big lawsuit three weeks ago. The wall is proceeding very rapidly. We need it." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"…the Wall is under major construction! " — August 15 tweet

"…and by the way, the wall is being built." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Nothing resembling the wall Trump campaigned on has been built at any speed. Zero additional miles of border barriers had been erected as of mid-June.

About 50 miles have been built over his two and a half years in office, but all of them are replacement barriers rather than additional miles.

According to Customs and Border Protection, 47 miles "of new border barriers in place of dilapidated design" had been completed as of June 14. The Washington Examiner reported on July 20 that the total was up to 51 miles of such replacement barriers, but that no additional miles had been built. (Customs and Border Protection did not respond to our request for updated information in the wake of the Examiner story.)

Trump has started arguing since this spring that replacement fencing should be counted by the media as his "wall," since he is replacing ineffective old barriers with effective modern ones. This is subjective, but we think it's fair to focus on the new barriers he promised during his campaign.

Pre-existing conditions

"And you have to remember this: Republicans, and I speak for every one of them, we will always protect pre-existing conditions. We are going to protect, always." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We usually don't fact-check promises, but this one has already proved untrue. The Trump administration and congressional Republicans have repeatedly put forward bills and lawsuits that would weaken Obamacare's protections for people with pre-existing conditions.
Trump is currently supporting a Republican lawsuit that is seeking to declare all of Obamacare void. He has not issued a plan to reinstate the law's protections for people with pre-existing conditions if the suit succeeds.


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