Of course, he made 84 false claims.
Trump added 15 false claims in exchange with reporters, six in two interviews with New Hampshire media and ten on Twitter.
The Most Outrageous Wrong Claim: Google and the Election
Coincidentally or not, Trump's latest sensational and inaccurate assertion of nefarious behavior came after Fox Business aired a section on the subject.
The most revealing false claim: Michigan Man
The Most Absurdly False Claim: The Time of Day  In 1991, Spy magazine reported on an anonymous friend of Trump's, who allegedly said, "He would lie to you, what time it is – just for practicing."  During his energy speech on Tuesday, Trump looked at the crowd and said, "There are many people back there for one – like an 11 o'clock speech, that's a lot of people."
We do not know if he lied or just confused, but it was not 11 o'clock.
He left the commentary at around 14:40. The speech was scheduled for 14:10
Here is the full list of this week:
California Electoral Fraud
Facts first : There are none Evidence that there was a mass fraud involving deceased or other people in California
"The comparison with Judicial Watch did not reveal any evidence of fraud," said Rick Hasen, a suffrage expert and professor of law and political science at the University of California, Irvine.
Google and votes
Facts first : Trump has misjudged the results of this study, and the study itself has serious shortcomings.  Although the study claims "bias" in Google's search results, according to its author, there is no evidence that Google "manipulated" Clinton's search results or election results for results and voting in presidential elections.
Energy and Environment
The Department of Energy declares that while grid operators need to be aware of the variability associated with using wind and solar energy, they know how to handle it. because "all forms of energy production", including non-renewable sources, "sometimes can not work when requested".
James Manwell, professor and director of the Wind Energy Center at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, said in response to an earlier reversal of Trump's contention, "No one suggests that the wind alone sweeps all the electricity in a large power grid However, it could provide a very large proportion without adverse effects. "
"And we take no chances, and we have the cleanest air and cleanest water we've ever had in our country, the cleanest we've ever had." – Energy Issue on August 13 in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First : In several ways, the US air was cleaner under Obama than under Trump.
However, there was significantly more "unhealthy air days" in Obama's first year .de / archive / dn / 1995/03 / 22.html The lowest number of unhealthy air days – 598 – occurred in 2014 under Obama.
Hillary Clinton on Coal and Steel
"Remember, she wanted close-up of all coal. She was in an area where they did not make the coal." And she said, "Well, I'm looking forward to closing all the coal, it's closing in. Steel – will be in big trouble. "She forgot: In three weeks she went to West Virginia, which did not work out so well." – 13. August Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Louisiana LNG Plant
"But this is only the beginning. My administration paves the way for other massive multi-billion dollar investments. We have just done one in Louisiana. It's a $ 10 billion investment. There are more tubes in this rig I've ever seen in my life … And you've never built such a rig in this country, never really, because there's never been such a big deal. But you did not build such plants because they did not let you into the environment. And yet it is ecologically so good what they have done and what they can build today. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First : Permits for the The visited plant Trump was granted by the Obama administration.
The first delivery of the plant took place at the end of May.
Power Generation  "We have the greatest resources that have really arisen in recent years. Nobody knew that. Fracking made it possible. Other new technologies made it possible. And now we are number one – remember, as I said – the number one energy producer in the world. I'm so proud of that, because we would not have been number five. They wanted to close it. They wanted to close it. "- August 13th Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
China's Oil and Gas Promotion
" We are lucky. "They go to places like China, they have no They do not have it under control – they have to buy it and then devalue their currency and manipulate their currency – and that costs them a fortune to buy it – they've hurt themselves in the long run. "- 13 August Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First : China is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas. ]
Obama and Fracking  "The last government tried to stop Pennsylvania coal and Pennsylvania fracking." – Aug. 13 Energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
A representative of Marcellus Protest, a volunteer activist group in West Pennsylvania, called Trump's claim "pure inventive" in an e-mail: "We have no evidence or reminder that the Obama administration has even done anything On the contrary, President Obama is reminded that he has described his energy policy as "all the above". "(The representative asked to be quoted anonymously because the group did not have a single one.)" To stop Pennsylvania fracking. "
Ethan cracker plant in Pennsylvania
"It was the Trump administration that made it possible, no one else. You would never have done it without us." – August 13th Energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
"And we have incredible things going on in Pennsylvania – we've just opened a $ 10 billion plant, we've got a lot of them going on, many jobs … Pennsylvania, It would never have happened they would not have allowed them to fish, so they could never have built it, but what a place it is. "- 15 August Electoral rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts first : [19459011ShellannouncedinJune2016duringtheObamaadministrationthatithadmadeafinaldecisiontobuildtheplantAfederalregulatorycommissionheadedbyaTrumprepresentativeapprovedapipelinethatfeedsEthanintothefacilitybutTrumphaswronglyclaimedfullcreditforthefacility
Shell has stated that the key factors in his decision to build in Pennsylvania was the proximity to cost-effective Ethan, proximity to customers and tax incentives by the state government.
Shells US President acknowledged Trump when he introduced him to his speech at the plant on Tuesday and said, "Without the President's focus on energy infrastructure, this would not be possible." This focus has allowed us to break new ground the Falcon pipeline. "Nevertheless," nobody else "is an obvious exaggeration.
"Mortgage rates are at an all-time low." – Aug. 18 Exchange with Reporters
Facts First : Certain mortgage rates are the lowest they were during the administration of Trump, but not the lowest of all time.
"You say you want low taxes, good education, strong military, strong borders, you want to be safe Houses, you want a house, you want low interest rates, you have low ones – hey, you have low interest rates, the lowest ever. "- Election Rally August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire
" The cost of borrowing is lower than ever. " – Aug. 18 Exchange with reporters
Facts First : Interest rates are low by historical standards, but they are not at a record low.
"And you've heard me say that, but now it's even better." The numbers have just come in. Unemployment in African Americans is the lowest in history American, Hispanic American – lowest in the history of our country. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
" Unemployment for African Americans – You've often heard me say I'm very proud of it – Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans have all of their lowest rates ever recorded recorded in the history of our country. "- Election Rally on August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First : Trump voted in relation to the Black and Unemployment Rate Hispanics, but not in relation to the Asian quota.
Black Americans have the lowest unemployment rates since the government recorded employment statistics for them according to their current method (in the 1970s). Hispanic Americans used to be slightly lower in Trump's term, but he can still say that they were not lower under a former president.
However, the Asiatic rate stood at 2.8% in July – higher than the 2.6% rate in December 2016, Obama's last full month in office.
"The energy transition also creates new jobs in West Virginia, Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, throughout They have no idea what's going on, including, as I said, car companies.We did not build any cars. "- Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
"Remember President Obama:" You need magic to bring back production orders. You need a magic wand. "Do not you remember?" Will not happen. "So far, we've returned 600,000 manufacturing jobs." – Aug. 13 Energy Speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
In addition, Obama did not say that creating jobs in manufacturing would not happen. "He said some manufacturing jobs were finally over, but also boasted how many were created."
But Obama did not say that the entire manufacturing process was gone, he also noted that some manufacturers actually came back and boasted that "since my tenure as President, more manufacturing jobs have been created than ever before since the 1990s," and that "we actually make more material, have a larger manufacturing base." Today's base is as big as ever in our history. "
Michigan's Auto Industry
A story about his 2016 campaign in Michigan and his earlier Complaints about the withdrawal of automobile companies from the state. Trump claimed, "We have 17 companies coming back now." – August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First : Trump did not know exactly what he meant by company, but there are not 17 Michigan-based automakers and one expert for Die Industry says there were not 17 car companies of any kind that left and came back.
"There are no 17 automakers in Michigan doing anything, much less walking and coming back," said Kristin Dziczek, vice president of industry, labor and economics at the Center for Automotive Research. "There are no more than nine or ten companies (excluding dealers and sales offices) in the state."
It's harder to review the activities of smaller supplier companies in the industry, but Dziczek said the "backs" part is clearly wrong because "this implies that a company or plant has left the company and has returned As of January 1, 2017, there were no 17 releases of fixed asset investments that physically left the company and have returned. "
"For the first time in 20 years, wages are rising …" rally on August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First : Wages have been rising since 2014 according to a common measure.
Popularity and Achievements
Man of the Year in Michigan
You named me Man of the Year in Michigan. I did not even understand it myself, but I was named Man of the Year. – August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First : CNN and other news agencies have found no evidence that Trump was ever named Michigan's Man of the Year.
The Opioid Epidemic
Facts first : Trump did not explain exactly what he was referring to, but the most prominent statistics associated with the opioid epidemic The number of overdose deaths has not fallen by 16% or 17% at the national level, according to the latest available data.
" … Last year, we saw the first nationwide decline in overdose deaths in 31 years. It's pretty amazing. "- August 15 Campaign Rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
" I do not know what happened to them, but I came into office and had 138 judges who were not appointed by President Obama. That's why I say: 'Thank you very much, Mr President, very well. & # 39; And they will say, "He was a great president." The fake message: "He was a great president." If he was a great president, why was he appointing me judge when everyone says that's the most important thing a president of the United States has to do. "- Election Rally August 15 in Manchester, New Hampshire
" And just as important, we will have 179 federal judges in another 90 days … President Obama did not do his job and I inherited 138 empty positions. " – 18. August Austausch mit Reportern
Fakten zuerst : Trump trat mit 138 offenen Stellen nicht in das Amt ein. Laut Russell Wheeler, einem Gastwissenschaftler an der Brookings Institution, der die Ernennung von Justizbeamten nachverfolgt, gab es am 1. Januar 2017, kurz bevor Trump sein Amt antrat, 103 freie Stellen in Bezirks- und Berufungsgerichten sowie eine freie Stelle am Obersten Gerichtshof.
Die Menge in New Hampshire 17.000 Leute draußen, die nicht hineinkommen konnten. Die Feuerwehrleute schließen es auf einer bestimmten Ebene. Die Arena gab bekannt – ich kenne die Leute in der Arena nicht -, dass ich Elton Johns Rekord gebrochen habe. " – 18. August Austausch mit Reportern
Fakten zuerst : Trump hat in der Arena die Besucherrekorde gebrochen und Elton John geschlagen, aber er übertreibt die Anzahl der Leute, die außerhalb der Arena festsitzen um einzusteigen.
Der stellvertretende Generaldirektor der SNHU Arena, Jason Perry, bestätigte, dass Trump eine größere Menge hatte als John in Manchester und sagte, dass Trump über 11.500 und John knapp 11.400 Personen hatte. Aber Perry sagte auch: "Die beste Schätzung für den Außenbereich sind zwischen 3.500 und 4.000, die sich angesammelt haben und nicht hineinkommen konnten."
Mitch Cady, der für Trumps Kundgebung zuständige Feuermarschall, sagte, die überfüllte Menge draußen sei näher gekommen auf die Hälfte dessen, was der Präsident behauptete. "Wir schätzten die Größe konservativ auf 8-9.000 Personen. Auch dies ist nur eine Schätzung, die auf Faktoren basiert, die wir zur Ermittlung der Insassenbelastung und der von der Menge aufgenommenen Quadratmeterzahl verwenden", sagte Cady. 19659002] Verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittelpreise
"Unsere ehrgeizige Kampagne zur Senkung der Preise für verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittel hat den größten Rückgang der Arzneimittelpreise seit 51 Jahren und den einzigen seit 51 Jahren zur Folge." – 15. August Wahlkampfkundgebung in Manchester, New Hampshire
Fakten zuerst : Dies war eine leichte Übertreibung. Die Preise für verschreibungspflichtige Arzneimittel sind im vergangenen Jahr zum ersten Mal seit 46 Jahren nach einer von mehreren Maßnahmen gesunken.
Das Recht, es zu versuchen
"Und um Patienten mit lebensbedrohlichen Krankheiten zu helfen, haben wir auch etwas weitergegeben, auf das ich so stolz bin – 44 Jahre, auf die sie nicht konnten Ich bekomme es nicht hin. — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: There had not been a 44-year push for a federal Right to Try law, experts said.
Similar laws have been passed at the state level only since 2014, after the Goldwater Institute, a libertarian think tank, began pushing for them.
Right to Try laws seek to make it easier for terminally ill patients to access experimental medications that have not received Food and Drug Administration approval for widespread use.
"I have no idea what 'they've been trying to get' for 44 years. The Right to Try law was a creation of the Goldwater Institute, and it first became state law in 2014 (in Colorado), relatively soon after it was first conceived of," said Alison Bateman-House, assistant professor of medical ethics at New York University's Langone Health.
"And we're taking care of our military, and we're taking care of our vets. Veterans Choice: You've been hearing it about for 45 years. I got it approved. Veterans Choice. We're taking care of our veterans. We're taking care of our military like never, ever before." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
"You look at the military, you look at what we've done with VA Choice, we had VA Choice approved. I used to talk about it all the time in New Hampshire. We got VA Choice approved." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today
"From forever, five decades, we passed for our great veterans VA Choice… " — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
In 2018, Trump signed the VA MISSION Act, which expanded and changed the Choice program.
Trump was not clear at the rally about what he meant by "five decades," but he has previously claimed that people had been trying to get Veterans Choice passed for "44 years."
Electoral votes in 2016
"They came from the hills, they came from the mountains, from the rivers, they came from all over the place. And they showed up, and they voted like nobody's seen before and it was 306 to 223, remember?" — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Visits to Pennsylvania
"And this is my 13th visit to Pennsylvania during my administration, which is more than any other president to this point in the term." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Beaver County, Pennsylvania
"This Shell petrochemical plant in Beaver County, Pennsylvania — I did very well here. We did very well. How many points did we win by? Does anybody know? I'll tell you. Isn't it, I think, 28 points? That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: Trump won Beaver County by 18.7 points in 2016, not 28 points.
The time of day
"Now, the press will try and spin that differently, but I'm right, okay? The fake news. That's a lot of people back there for a — like an 11 o'clock speech. That's a lot of people. That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
This might well have been a slip rather than intentional deception, but Trump was using the inaccurate time of day to suggest that the size of the media crowd was especially impressive, so we're counting it.
Wollman Rink renovation
"Even when I was doing the Wollman Rink, the city couldn't build it. Took them nine years. They had no idea what they were doing." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Wollman rink size
"And I had that whole big — about 70,000 feet — it's like a massive office floor, bigger than an office floor." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
"They closed so many — like 92% — of the mental institutions around this country over the years, for budgetary reasons." — August 18 exchange with reporters
Facts First: There is no evidence that backs up the President's claim that 92% of mental institutions have closed. He appeared to be conflating a decrease in the number of available beds at mental hospitals with the institutions themselves.
While the number of mental institutions has not decreased as drastically as Trump claims, the Treatment Advocacy Centre, a national nonprofit "dedicated to eliminating barriers to the timely and effective treatment of severe mental illness," found that the amount of staffed state mental hospital beds has decreased by 96.5% from peak hospital population numbers in the 1950s to 2016.
D. Imelda Padilla-Frausto, a research scientist at UCLA's Center for Health Policy Research, said she thinks Trump has "misunderstood" the situation.
"There has never been a time period in the US where 92% of mental institutions were closed," Padilla-Frausto told CNN. "From 1950 to 2015 there has only been a 39% reduction in state and county psychiatric hospitals — which are often referred to as 'mental institutions.' As of the most recent data in 2017, there has actually been about a 5% increase."
Democrats and the economy
Facts First: There is no evidence the Democrats are trying to damage the economy to hurt Trump.
"I think Sleepy Joe may be able to limp across the finish line. But today they announced that they're going to cut way back on his appearances because he is such a disaster, they're going to have fewer appearances. You've heard that, right? This is certain. They're going to cut way back on his appearances. Can you believe it? If I ever did that, it would be over." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: Former Vice President Joe Biden's campaign did not announce that he would be cutting back on his appearances.
Democrats' health care plans
"Every major Democrat running for president supports a massive government takeover of health care that would raid Medicare and destroy the private health insurance plans of millions of American families that they love." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
"Medicare for All" health care proposals endorsed by other Democratic presidential candidates, like Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, would mandate a Medicare-style single-payer system for everyone. These plans would indeed ban private insurance except for supplemental coverage for anything not covered by the single-payer system.
Democrats and the border
"Yet Democrats want to open borders and Republicans want strong borders. That's your difference. One wants open borders. Who can even think of an open border? Think of it." And: "Democrats want open borders, they don't mind crime. We do mind crime. And that's the way it is." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
"All my rhetoric is that we have to have borders, they want to have open borders." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today
Facts First: Some Democrats, including Warren and former secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro, another Democratic presidential candidate, have advocated for a significant loosening of immigration law, including a decriminalization of the act of illegally crossing the border. But none of them have proposed literally opening the border to unrestricted migration.
Obama's book deal
"I got sued on a thing called 'emoluments.' Emoluments. You ever hear the word? Nobody ever heard of it before. They went back. Now, nobody looks at Obama getting $60 million for a book. That's okay. Even though nobody in history ever got that money for a book. Obama got $60 million. Think of it: $60 million for a book. Nobody looks." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
The $65 million figure would make the deal the largest book deal involving a former president, with a former first lady or not.
Foreign affairs and the military
Payments to Greenland
"It's hurting Denmark very badly because they're losing almost $700 million a year carrying it. So they carry it at a great loss." — August 18 exchange with reporters
Facts First: Denmark's annual subsidy to Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark, is for less than $600 million.
According to a representative from Greenland's Ministry of Finance, Head of Division Anders Fonnesbech-Wulff, the grant for 2019 is expected to amount to 3.86 billion Danish kroner (DKK), which is approximately $573 million. The amount has increased slightly over the years, from $547 million (3.68 billion DKK) in 2016 to $553 million (3.72 billion DKK) in 2017 to $568 million (3.82 billion DKK) in 2018. All US dollar amounts are based on the Tuesday exchange rate.
The Iran deal
"You saw we ended the Iran disaster. How about that? We paid them $150 billion, $1.8 billion in cash. Cash, cash, cash. We got nothing." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: The second figure is roughly correct, but the first is exaggerated.
The Iran nuclear deal allowed the country to access tens of billions in its own assets that had been frozen in foreign financial institutions because of sanctions; experts say the total was significantly lower than $150 billion.
Trump did not invent the $150 billion figure out of thin air: Obama himself mused in a 2015 interview about Iran having "$150 billion parked outside the country." But experts on Iran policy, and Obama's own administration, said that the quantity of assets the agreement actually made available to Iran was much lower.
As Trump regularly notes, the Obama administration did send Iran $1.7 billion to settle a decades-old dispute over a purchase of US military goods Iran made before its government was overthrown in the Islamic Revolution of 1979.
The war in Afghanistan
"I think just that we've been there for 19 years. We're like a police force." — August 18 exchange with reporters
Facts First: This was a small exaggeration. The US invaded Afghanistan in October 2001, less than 18 years ago. This was not a one-time slip though; Trump habitually says "19 years."
"And my biggest fan is Secretary General (Jens) Stoltenberg from NATO. He said, 'Until President Trump came along, we were going like' [moves hand in a downward sloping motion] boom, they would have been finished very quickly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: Military spending by NATO members other than the US was not declining, nor was NATO on the brink of being "finished," prior to Trump's presidency.
"You see what happened to Venezuela with socialism. Venezuela 15 years ago was one of richest countries. Now, they don't have water, they don't have food, they don't have anything." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: Venezuela was not one of the world's richest countries 15 years ago.
"Venezuela was one of the richest countries in the world 60 years ago. The richest in Latin America 40 years ago. But not 20 years ago," Ricardo Hausmann, a former Venezuelan planning minister and central bank board member, said in response to a previous version of this Trump claim. Hausmann, now a Harvard University professor of economic development, was chief economist of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1994 to 2000.
The Golan Heights
"And just three months ago, we also recognized the Golan Heights as being a part of and protected by Israel." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
"When I took over our military was sad. We weren't flying half of our planes, they were old." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
The readiness of Air Force planes was on the decline before Trump took office, but "we weren't flying half our planes" is an exaggeration.
Who is paying for the tariffs on China
"We are taking in billions of dollars in tariffs. And again, China is devaluing their currency, they're pouring out money, the prices haven't gone up. So that means we are taking in billions of dollars, we are not paying for it and ultimately their devaluations are going to hurt them very badly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
"The tariffs have really bitten into China. They haven't bitten into us at all — except for the reporters that want to make it look that way, but they don't understand what's happening. The tariffs, we've taken in close to $60 billion in tariff money. And the consumer has not paid for them. Now, at some point, they may have to pay something. But they understand that." — August 15 exchange with reporters
"…We're not paying for the tariffs, China is paying for the tariffs, for the 100th time. And I understand tariffs very well. Other countries, it may be that if I do things with other countries, but in the case of China, China is eating the tariffs, at least so far." — August 18 exchange with reporters
Facts First: American importers make the actual tariff payments, and economic studies have found that Americans, not people and companies in China, have borne most of the cost.
This same week, Trump acknowledged at least the possibility that tariffs on China might hurt US consumers when he delayed planned additional tariffs until December 15. Peter Navarro, his trade adviser, described the move as a "Christmas present to the nation."
Some Chinese suppliers might take on some of the burden of the tariff by reducing their prices to maintain a market in the United States, but these studies show that the burden heavily falls on US consumers and companies.
Trade deficit with China
"China is taking out $500 billion a year, and much more than that, if you include the theft of intellectual property." — August 13 exchange with reporters
"China has taken out over $500 billion a year for many years from our country. And that's not going to happen anymore." And: "We can't allow China to take, out of our country, $507 billion every year, not including intellectual property theft and so many other things." — August 15 exchange with reporters
"China is ripping our country like has never happened before in history with any country. They were taking out $500 billion a year, $500 billion, and that's not including intellectual property theft, which they were stealing like crazy." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today
"While others allowed China to freely loot the US economy, $500 billion dollars a year. Not million, not million. Billion, with a B." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: The US has never had a $500 billion trade deficit with China.
We'll ignore Trump's suggestion that a trade deficit amounts to China taking or looting money from the US, which is rejected by most economists.
Farmers and China
"And by the way, the biggest beneficiary, you know who have been great? Our great farmers have been so incredible because they have been targeted by China." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: While farmers have not unequivocally benefited from the tariffs, the Trump administration has attempted to compensate for losses due to tariffs as part of the ongoing trade war between the US and China.
Trade deficit with Japan
"I told (Japanese) Prime Minister (Shinzo) Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.'…But the deficit is massive, which — changing rapidly…But we're losing $78 billion." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Exports to Japan
"Many car plants — they're coming in from Japan. I told Prime Minister Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.' They send thousands and thousands — millions — of cars. We send them wheat. Wheat. That's not a good deal. And they don't even want our wheat. They do it because they want us to at least feel that we're okay. You know, they do it to make us feel good." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: The US exports far more than just wheat to Japan. Japan is the 4th biggest export market for the US, buying $120.4 billion in US goods and services in 2018.
Wheat is not even the top agricultural export to Japan. Wheat exports totaled $698 million in 2018, behind corn, beef, pork and soybeans.
There is no apparent basis for Trump's claim that Japan only buys US wheat to make Americans feel good.
The steel industry
"Pennsylvania steel raised the skyscrapers that built our cities. And, by the way, steel — steel was dead. Your business was dead. Okay? I don't want to be overly crude. Your business was dead." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: It is not true that "steel was dead" before Trump imposed his tariffs last year. Though US Steel had significantly declined from its heyday and had faltered for much of the decade, it had earned a profit in 2017. Other American steel companies, notably Nucor, were thriving before the tariffs.
Once-dominant US Steel, a company Trump has regularly referenced, earned $387 million in 2017, the year before Trump imposed the tariffs. The company had struggled so badly in the years prior that it was dropped in 2014 from the S&P 500 stock index, but it was certainly not dead.
Steel plants before the tariffs
"I'll tell you what: Those steel mills — US Steel and all of them, all of them — they're expanding all over the place. New mills. New expansions. We hadn't have — we didn't have a new mill built in 30 years, and now we have many of them going up." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: It is not true that no steel mills had been built in 30 years prior to Trump's presidency or prior to his tariffs.
Various other plants were idled or closed over the past 30 years, but it's simply false that none were built.
World Trade Organization record
"And, you know, we were losing all our cases until I came along. We were losing all our cases in the World Trade Organization. Almost every case, we were — lost, lost, lost. They thought we were stupid. They were the ones ruling. And then I came along. Now we're winning a lot of cases because they know that they're not on very solid ground. We will leave, if we have to. An d a ll of the sudden, we're winning a lot of cases. We're winning most of our cases. And it's only because of attitude, because we know that they have been screwing us for years. And it's not going to happen any longer. They get it. They get it. So they're giving us victories. They're giving us victories." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
The global average was 84% and China's figure 67%. As is standard for the WTO, the US tended to lose cases where it is defending the case rather than bringing it — but even in those cases, Trump's advisers noted that it did better (25% victory rate) than the world average (17% ) or China's record (just 5%).
The WTO and China
"By the way, World Trade Organization, it made China. China made themselves. They did a good job. But they ripped off our country for years, and with our money and World Trade Organization backing. And then they took advantage of the rules of the World Trade Organization. And I'm being nice when I say 'took advantage.' Much more than 'took advantage.' They went up like a rocket ship. They were flat-lined for 100 years. And then, one day, World Trade Organization — a terrible move." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: China's economy was not "flat-lined for 100 years" before it became a member of the World Trade Organization in late 2001. China had experienced significant growth for years prior.
Nicholas Lardy of the Peterson Institute for International Economics wrote in 2008: "China has been the fastest growing economy in the world over almost three decades, expanding at 10 per cent per year in real terms." In an email to CNN in July, when Trump made another version of this comment, Lardy said, "Uninformed would be the best characterization of the President's comment."
Japan and auto plants
"But what they're doing is they're buying a lot of our stuff, including our military equipment. They're building car plants now in the United States — in Michigan, in Pennsylvania. Many, many of the Japanese car companies are coming over and building car plants in the United States." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
Facts First: Japanese automakers are not building new plants in Michigan and Pennsylvania. Two Japanese automakers, Toyota and Mazda, have announced plans to build a US plant during Trump's presidency; their joint venture is under construction in Alabama.
Trump has said since last year that Japan's Abe, has told him that more Japanese automakers will soon announce major US investments. But none of the companies has announced a new US plant since Toyota and Mazda introduced the joint venture in early 2018.
"There are no Japanese automakers currently building plants or making announcements that they plan to build manufacturing plants in Michigan or Pennsylvania," said Kristin Dziczek, the Center for Automotive Research's vice president for industry, labor and economics.
Japanese automakers have made additional investments in existing facilities.
"I just see where we've collected close to $59 billion in tariffs so far. And, in my opinion, the consumer has not paid for it because of the devaluation by China. They devalued and they pumped a lot of money into their system. So, it's really been an amazing — it's been an amazing period of time." And: "The only impact has been that we've collected almost $60 billion from China — compliments of China." — August 13 exchange with reporters
Facts First: The figure that is close to $60 billion is for revenue generated by duties on all countries this year, not just tariffs on China.
"Together, we're restoring this nation's industrial might and we are doing it with American iron, American aluminum and American steel. We're doing steel. Steel industry is hot. They were dumping steel all over. They were destroying our companies. US Steel now, all of them — they're all expanding. The steel industry is back, it's doing great." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
The New York Times
"The New York Times will be out of business soon after I leave office, hopefully in 6 years. They have Zero credibility and are losing a fortune, even now, especially after their massive unfunded liability. I'm fairly certain they'll endorse me just to keep it all going!" — August 18 tweet
Facts First: The New York Times Company is making profits and is not on the verge of going out of business.
Building the wall
"Think of it, we protect the border of South Korea, but we don't protect our own border. But now we are. And the wall is being built…The wall is being — and we're going to have a lot of it. We're going to have anywhere from 400 to 500 miles built by the end of next year. We're building a lot of wall and we need it." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania
"…We're building the wall. It's going up now, you know, we won the big lawsuit three weeks ago. The wall is proceeding very rapidly. We need it." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today
"…and by the way, the wall is being built." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts First: Nothing resembling the wall Trump campaigned on has been built at any speed. Zero additional miles of border barriers had been erected as of mid-June.
About 50 miles have been built over his two and a half years in office, but all of them are replacement barriers rather than additional miles.
Trump has started arguing since this spring that replacement fencing should be counted by the media as his "wall," since he is replacing ineffective old barriers with effective modern ones. This is subjective, but we think it's fair to focus on the new barriers he promised during his campaign.
"And you have to remember this: Republicans, and I speak for every one of them, we will always protect pre-existing conditions. We are going to protect, always." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire