President Donald Trump announced on Saturday that the United States intends to withdraw from a 31-year old nuclear deal with Russia, which has dealt a severe blow to the arms control regime that has preserved peace since the Cold War
"We will end the deal and we will retire," Trump told reporters after a rally in Elko, Nevada, without saying what the next steps might be.
The Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty The first agreement signed by President Ronald Reagan and the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in December 1987 was the first and only nuclear arms control treaty ever to abolish a whole class of nuclear weapons. The treaty forces the superpowers to dispose of more than 2,600 missiles with ranges of 31
US The news services explained Moscow 's potential breach of the agreement a few years ago when the rocket, the Novator 9M729, was still in the test phase. Englisch: emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 264 & lang = en. The Obama administration has unsuccessfully tried to persuade the Kremlin to shorten the program through diplomatic talks.
The Trump administration, on the other hand, has directly confronted the violation with financing the development of its own rocket. The research is allowed under the INF and will only break the business if this rocket is ever tested or deployed. Aggressively reacting to breaches of contract, launching new nuclear weapons programs, and reminding the world of the power of the US nuclear arsenal is Trump's way of preventing others from expanding or seeking out arsenals.
"Russia has violated the agreement," said Trump. "You have been hurting for many years and I do not know why President Obama did not negotiate or move out and we will not let them violate a nuclear deal and go out and do guns and we should not." [19659007RussiahasrepeatedlydeniedeverhavingviolatedtheINFInsteadtheKremlinhasinsistedthattheUSobjecttotheagreementbysayingthatcertaininterceptorshaveoffensivecapabilitiesonUSmissiledefensesystemsTheUSdismissedRussia'sallegationsasfalseandasadiversionarytactic
Regardless of this, on Sunday, during the first stop of his upcoming trip to Russia, national security adviser John Bolton will deliver the President's decision to move from the INF to Moscow. Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. Bolton did not want to comment, but a high-ranking government official said, "The United States and our allies have tried to subjugate Russia completely and verifiably to the INF, despite our objections, cruise missiles continue to be manufactured and banned in Russia, and the demand for transparency has become ignored. "
Arms control experts are worried about the consequences of a lengthy nuclear contract in second and third series. Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear weapons analyst at the James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Studies in Monterey, California, said the US had nothing to gain by going away. "It's a mistake," he said. "Russia has violated the treaty but we will be responsible for killing it Why does Putin deserve a favor?"
Lewis believes the US will not use new missiles that would have been banned by the INF, but Russia will do it. He says Moscow will step up the use of the Novator 9M729 or other formerly war-destroying weapons.
The real risk is borne by European allies, said Kingston Reif director of disarmament and threat reduction policy at the Arms Control Association, a think tank. "This will remove all restrictions on the production and use of Russia's illegal missile, increasing the threat to our missile allies, keeping the United States the bag for the end of the treaty, and creating another source of division between us becomes."
The whole basis for signing the INF three decades ago was the destabilizing nature of the weapons. The ballistic missiles, the Russian SS-20 and the American Pershing II, could be brought to a remote area with a mobile launcher, where they would hit their targets in less than six minutes. The short timeline gave the leaders little time to cover – let alone develop strategies for the right answer.
These facts have not changed. The Europeans probably will not want weapons on the continent. As a sign of these concerns, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization issued a statement earlier this year declaring the INF treaty "crucial to Euro-Atlantic security" and reducing the risk of conflict. "I do not think the US will try to ask anyone to station any INF systems ashore – that would be a false start," said Pavel Podvig, director of the Russian Nuclear Power Project. "Russia will say that the US was intent on withdrawing from the treaty right from the start, and that's why Russia accused Russia of non-compliance, so it does not bode well."
Jon B. Wolfsthal, a nuclear weapons expert who worked in the National Security Council during the Obama administration, said the INF withdrawal "poisoned the Well of Nuclear Stability" and is likely to have a deterrent effect on potential future US-US nuclear arms deals Have Russia.
During the Cold War, a series of treaties were drafted between the US and the Soviet Union to prevent misperceptions and keep the channels of communication open – even though Washington and Moscow were sworn opponents. A number of these agreements have deteriorated in recent years, but the last time that the US unilaterally backed away from a groundbreaking nuclear arms control treaty was in 2002, when Washington rescinded the anti-ballistic missile contract and continued its missile defense expansion.
The implications of this decision became clear in March when Russian President Vladimir Putin introduced his nation's next generation of nuclear weapons, each of which was designed to slip behind America's vast network of early warning and defense systems. At the nationwide televised address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Putin explicitly stated that the new arsenal was the answer to the US government's decision to abandon the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
However, the potential impact of leaving the INF is beyond Europe. Trump said China must also agree not to develop the missiles. This is a new development considering that China is not an INF party right now. "We have to develop these weapons – unless Russia comes to us, and China comes to us, and they all come to us and say, 'Let's get really smart and do not let those weapons develop'. But if Russia does, and if China does it and we abide by the agreement, that is unacceptable. "
If the US initiates a nuclear strike against China, it has a number of possibilities. In addition, the INF allied allies, such as Japan or South Korea, did not ban the construction of ground-based missiles with the INF smash range.
Navy Admiral Harry Harris, then-Commander of the US Pacific Command, told the Senate Armed Forces Committee in March that China had benefited from the United States' accession to the INF. "We are now at a disadvantage relative to China in the sense that China has land-based ballistic missiles that threaten our base in the Western Pacific and our ships," he said.
Harris, who has since retired and now as The American Ambassador to South Korea, suggested that the US should begin to find ways to mitigate the threat: "We can do everything from one extreme to another – on the other Extreme – to do nothing – and I think we should look for ways to maximize our operational flexibility. "