A multidrug-resistant salmonella strain that has infected hundreds has been associated with soft cheese and Mexican-style beef in a warning this week.
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The diseases were mainly caused by soft cheese and beef bought in Mexico in the USA.
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About 43 percent of the patients reported that they had visited Mexico before they became ill with cheese and Beef before infection.
In fact, 87 [percent] of patients who traveled to Mexico with information about food consumption reported eating beef, and 63 [percent] reported eating soft cheese. 79 [percent] recalled having received the cheese in Mexico. "
In particular, many of the patients claimed to have eaten queso fresco – a soft cheese that was typically made from raw, unpasteurized milk from cows or goats they were infected with.
During this outbreak "both the consumption of cheese and the consumption of beef was associated with a disease, indicating that dairy cows are a likely source of these infections".
"The reported consumption of queso fresco, travels to various regions of Mexico and the presence of indistinguishable Newport strains in beef and cheese suggest that the contamination of soft cheese is due to the transport of cattle rather than poor hygiene in cheese production is. Dairy cattle is often used as a ground beef source and has been involved in recent [multidrug-resistant] outbreaks in Newport. "
Certain brands have not been identified.
The strain – which "emerges" because it was not discovered until 2016, according to CDC – is resistant to azithromycin and ciprofloxacin, two antibiotics commonly prescribed in patients with severe salmonella infections.
The symptoms of Salmonella usually occur 12 to 72 hours after exposure to the bacteria, with most people suffering from diarrhea, fever and stomach cramps. The disease usually lasts four to seven days and most people recover without treatment.
"In some people, the disease can be so severe that the patient has to be hospitalized," says the CDC. "Salmonella infection can spread from the gut to the bloodstream and then to other parts of the body."
According to health authorities, children under the age of 5 are pregnant women. Adults over 65 years and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have a serious illness.
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The CDC estimates that salmonella in the US causes about 1.2 million illnesses annually, 23,000 hospitalizations and 450 deaths each year. Foods are the source of about 1 million of these diseases.
In order to prevent infection, the CDC warns, in this case in particular, that consumers should refrain from consuming soft cheese from unpasteurised milk. Beef should also be cooked to the appropriate temperature. According to CDC, "145 ° F for steaks and roasts, followed by a 3-minute rest period, and 160 ° F for ground beef or hamburger" (19659005) could also help prevent multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains, the agency added.
Fox News & Travis Fedschun contributed to this report.