As they become more widely available, the use of e-cigarettes has increased significantly, although it is notable that the current 2015 2015 usage rate has declined for both adults and high school students. The spread of e-cigarettes has fueled concerns about possible health risks and the use of adolescents. While these concerns should be scrutinized and investigated, an exclusive consideration of the potential negative aspects could preclude consideration of the potential harm mitigation benefits for the approximately 38 million current smokers in the country.
It was difficult to pinpoint the impact of e-cigarettes on adult smoking due to the number of factors in the game and trends that existed before e-cigarettes hit the scene. However, a recent paper notes that e-cigarettes create "a way to end tobacco use". Policymakers should take these new findings into account when considering new regulations and avoid regulations that block this path and make it more difficult for people to quit smoking in the conventional area.
Previous studies had analyzed survey data and found a link between e-cigarettes and reduced smoking. Some other randomized controlled trials found some evidence that the use of e-cigarettes increased the likelihood of successful completion, but relied on small samples. The new working paper by Henry Saffer and Michael Grossman of NBER, Daniel Dench of City University of New York and Dhaval Dave of Bentley University seeks to improve our understanding of the interaction between e-cigarettes and smoking.
One The main limitation of studies based on survey data is that the analysis is unable to determine causality: while the use of e-cigarettes may be associated with reduced smoking, this does not mean necessarily that it is the cause. The authors seek to correct this by using the determinants of demand for e-cigarettes, such as the prices for cigarettes and district and monthly e-cigarettes from Nielsen Retail Scanner data.
The authors note that e-cigarettes increase the likelihood of a termination attempt, the likelihood of a kill success, the probability of a termination error, and the number of completion failures. Even for failed quitters and those who did not try to stop smoking, the use of e-cigarettes reduced smoking.
Guidelines that make it more expensive or more difficult for adults to access e-cigarettes could mitigate these potential benefits to current conventional cigarette smokers.
The authors estimate that a 1
It is reasonable that federal politicians want more studies on e-cigarettes to try to use this data and analysis to create appropriate legal frameworks. Unfortunately, this does not seem to be the case in some cases, and in a broader sense, the United States has lagged behind other countries in identifying the continuum of risks and the potential for harm reduction from e-cigarettes.
On a positive note, in July 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration announced a comprehensive plan for tobacco and nicotine regulation, indicating that the tobacco industry is a "continuum of risk" because of flammable cigarettes the most dangerous and harmful ones are. The National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine has published a 600-page report analyzing e-cigarettes. A highlight was the conclusion that e-cigarettes pose a lower risk to a variety of studies and outcomes than flammable tobacco cigarettes. "Higher awareness has not yet led to much tangible political change, at least as yet." In the United States, some jurisdictions enact legislation that does not seem to recognize and distinguish the risk between traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes has issued a public steam iron ban that treats e-cigarettes in the same way as conventional smoking Oregon has recently raised the minimum age for tobacco and "inhalation systems" such as e-cigarettes to 21. Reducing the wedge between cigarettes and e-cigarettes would reduce the incentive To get away from flammable cigarettes.
The five-year ban on tobacco control by the UK Department of Health makes the distinction between vaping and smoking clear.In the guidelines for employers, Public Health England stated that, in order to reduce the number of smokers who are away from burning Cigarettes change In order to maximize, "Vaping should be a more convenient and secure option."
The impact of e-cigarettes on the future should certainly be further explored, and this information should help to create a reasonable legal framework that addresses concerns Health risks with a possible mitigation compensates. Several studies have provided evidence that e-cigarettes can provide a way to wean, and their use increases the likelihood that both will try to quit and succeed. Excessive taxation on these products or restrictive regulations for adult users could reduce these potential benefits and ultimately lead to more people smoking traditional cigarettes for longer, which negatively impacts their health.
Charles Hughes is a political analyst at the Manhattan Institute. Follow him on Twitter @CharlesHHughes
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