Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day, but a new review on Wednesday at the BMJ will not help you lose weight. The study found no good evidence that a regular breakfast helps to save calories or prevent weight gain. Even damn, it has even found evidence that skipping breakfast would be better for our waist ̵
There are good reasons to eat early in the day, especially if you are young research has shown that a regular breakfast (think fruits, vegetables and whole grains) regularly contribute to a healthy child and teenager and are normal in school develop. Many public health organizations and doctors have recommended adding a healthy breakfast to the routine to prevent obesity or promote weight loss.
The theory behind this advice is simple: Early eating speeds up your metabolism and makes you feel extra hungry and eaten too much at later meals. There is evidence for this theory from some studies. However, these studies are usually observational, that is, they only look for indirect connections between two things (in this example, breakfast or weight loss or less obesity) in a decent group of people. But in recent years, some randomized controlled trials – often considered the gold standard for evidence – have not found the same connection.
"The problem is that those who eat breakfast are different from those who do not eat. t. The problem with observational studies, therefore, is that not only is breakfast good, but rather the wider healthy lifestyle and choice of food that has a positive effect on weight, "said Flavia Cicuttini, an epidemiologist at Monash University in Australia, Gizmodo said by email.
Cicuttini and her team decided to summarize and analyze as many relevant clinical studies on this topic as they could find to clarify the issue. This is called a meta-analysis by scientists. They examined 13 studies conducted between 1992 and 2016 in the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan, which looked at a total of more than 500 adults with different weight and body mass indexes. Some of the trials tested, if adding or skipping breakfast could affect the weight; others investigated whether breakfast would affect a person's total calories in one day.
"We found that those who ate breakfast consumed about 260 extra calories a day more and averaged 0.44 kilograms [roughly a pound]," said Cicuttini. "Importantly, there is no indication of any improvement in the metabolism of those who eat breakfast or are less likely to eat late."
This pattern continued regardless of where the trials took place and how much the volunteers weighed. 19659004] The authors added that their findings should not be considered final. First, the overall quality of the evidence they reviewed was considered low. Few of the studies blinded the volunteers, meaning they knew if they had breakfast or not. Granted, it's hard to hide from anyone, but the researchers who had to measure and calculate the results obtained by the volunteers rarely blind – another scientific no. The team found that all studies had a high or unclear bias risk.
The authors state that they need more research, preferably from large, high-quality studies, to be absolutely sure. In the meantime, according to Cicuttini, there are clear possibilities that an average person should draw from his research.
"The key message is that if a person likes to have breakfast, that's fine," she said. "However, there is no evidence that we should encourage people to change their eating habits to include breakfast to prevent weight gain or obesity … this can do the opposite!"