CNN – Eating a moderate amount of red or processed meat is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published Wednesday.
Individuals who consumed 76 grams of red and processed meat per gram per day – this is in line with the current guidelines and is equivalent to about a quarter-pound burger – – a 20% higher probability to get bowel cancer compared to others who ate about 21 grams a day. According to one study, this was equivalent to a slice of ham.
The study also found that processed meat, such as sausage or bacon, poses a greater risk than red meat, with the risk of colon cancer rising by 20% per 25 grams of processed meat (equivalent to a thin slice of bacon) People every day and by 1
"A small amount of processed meat seems to have the same effect as a large amount of red," said Professor Tim Key, co-author of the study and Deputy Director of the University of Oxford Cancer Epidemiology Unit.
According to the National Health Service (NHS) of the United Kingdom, a piece of ham contains 23 grams of processed meat meat, while a grilled 8-ounce steak contains 163 grams of red meat.
Cancer Research UK, which partially funded research, said that current NHS guidelines state that people who eat more than 90 grams (boiled weight) of red and processed meat a day should reduce to 70 grams – the average amount consumed in the UK per day.
The study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology followed the diet of nearly half a million adults between the ages of 40 and 40 and 69, and their diets were studied on average for five years. During this time, 2,609 of the participants developed colon cancer.
This latest research adds a number of evidences linking red and processed meat to increased risk of colorectal cancer.
"Our findings strongly suggest that people who eat red and processed meat four or more times a week are at a higher risk of developing colon cancer than those who eat red and processed meat less than twice a week," said Key.
He said earlier research had studied people in the US in the 1990s, but "diets have changed significantly since then, so our study provides more timely findings relevant to today's meat consumption," he said in a press release.
Another factor that increases the risk of colon cancer is alcohol, the research found. The study also said that dietary fiber from bread and breakfast cereals was associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer starting in the colon or rectum.
In the United States, this is the third most common cancer, excluding skin cancer, and According to the American Cancer Society, 51,020 colorectal cancer deaths are expected in 2019.
In the UK, colon cancer is the third most common cancer among men and women, according to Cancer Research UK.
The World Health Organization concluded in 2015 that there is enough evidence to classify processed meat as "carcinogenic to humans," the authors of the study wrote. The WHO has classified red meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans".
Dr. Gunter Kuhnle, associate professor of nutrition and health at the University of Reading in the UK, said this was "the largest study ever undertaken in the UK".
Kuhnle, who was not involved in the research, said the findings "confirm earlier findings that both the consumption of red and processed meat increases the risk of colorectal cancer."
Dr. Julie Sharp, head of health information at charity Cancer Research UK, said the government's policy on red and processed meat is "general health advice." This study is a reminder that the more you can go beyond that, the more you can lower your health chances of getting colon cancer.
It suggests reducing red and processed meat by tasting meatless on Mondays or using recipes that use fresh chicken and fish.
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