Frequent meals in restaurants, fast food and cafeterias not only leave the bag empty. Researchers from a new study also revealed that going out can also increase the levels of a harmful group of chemicals called phthalates in the body.
Phthalates are binders used in food packaging and other products, including floor coverings, shampoos, soaps and adhesives. It is known that these chemicals interfere with hormones in the body.
Exposure to phthalates has been linked to a range of health issues, including pregnancy complications, fertility problems, asthma, type 2 diabetes and breast cancer. Pregnant women, children and adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of these chemicals.
For the new study, Ami Zota, from George Washington University, and colleagues asked 1
After analyzing the relationship between the food consumed by the participants and the amount of phthalate degradation products in the participants' urine samples, the researchers found that this was a significant relationship between outgoing and phthalate exposure.
The club, however, was more significant among teenagers. Teenagers consume a lot of fast food and other foods that are sold outside the home.
The researchers also found that certain foods such as cheeseburgers and other sandwiches tend to have elevated levels of phthalates when purchased from a fast (19659003) Previous studies have also revealed food products that contain phthalates. In a 2017 study, the researchers tested 30 cheese products, including cream cheese and processed cheese, and found that only one of the samples was not contaminated with phthalates. Researchers in this study also found that the highest levels of phthalates were found in samples of packaged macaroni and cheese.
Zota and colleagues said the findings raise concerns, as two-thirds of people in the United States outside the home take food each day. The researchers said that one way to limit exposure to these chemicals is to prepare meals at home.
"Preparing food at home could be a win-win situation for consumers," Zota said, adding that eating homemade meals can reduce intake of unhealthy fats, salt and sugar.
The results of the study were published on March 28 in the journal Environment International .