Brussels, Belgium – As voting is coming to an end throughout the European Union, initial polls indicate that this year's European Parliament elections show a higher turnout than usual and that the balance of power in the European Union is growing EU is likely to change chamber.
Against the backdrop of increased national-level support for far-right and nationalist parties in recent years, elections have been largely portrayed as a struggle between the pro-European establishment and its Eurosceptic challengers.
More than 400 million Europeans in 28 Member States were called to the polls within four days to elect 751
The European Parliament is responsible for the election of the next President of the European Commission and shares responsibility for setting the annual EU budget with the Council of the EU oversees the work of the EU institutions. Although it can not legislate under the responsibility of the European Commission, it can be adopted and amended.
High Voter Turnout
European Parliament elections are usually considered "secondary" by citizens with traditional suffrage, using "frustrations" against their own national governments as "protest voices". Voter turnout has steadily declined since its inception in 1979.
But turnout estimates suggest that this year could oppose this trend In Poland, turnout was almost twice as high as in 2014.
In the early evening an EU spokesman figured the official turnout for 27 countries except the UK at 51 percent. ]
At the last European Parliament elections in 2014, 42.6 percent of voters cast their votes.
The two largest political groups in the European Parliament, the Center-Right People's Party (EPP) and the center-right political group on the left The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S & D) is summing up 11 national estimates and voting intentions those who were not available on the way to losing 43 or 38 seats – which worries their dominance and makes this parliament the most fragile parliament nted so far.
The EPP, whose top candidate is Manfred Weber from the German Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU), is currently the largest political group in the European Parliament and holds all three top EU jobs.  As alliances typically form from issue to issue it could be harder to form majorities.
Currently, eight factions can join national parties. The centrist, liberal Alliance for Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) and the Greens should play a more central role in future decisions. The left United European Left / Nordic Green Left (GUE / NGL) is scheduled to lose 10 seats .
Right-wing extremist parties under the leadership of Italian Interior Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini are projected to gain 57 seats, 21 more than in the last term.
In addition to a number of other Eurosceptic and nationalist parties that are part of the European Conservative and Reformist Group (ECR), such as Polish law and justice, they want Brussels to withdraw power and hand it over to national governments.
However, these parties are very divided on some issues, such as the budget, Russia's role and migration, raising questions about how coherent a front can be in parliament.
Preliminary Results: Observation of the Socialists
In the Netherlands, the Labor Party was slightly ahead of the ruling conservative VVD party under Mark Rutte in the exit polls. The two surveys, 18 and 15 percent, respectively, are a surprising result that will strengthen the European Commission's first vice-president, Frans Timmermans, who heads the Labor Party and is the S & D's leading candidate for the presidency of the European Commission.  The far-right Forum for Democracy (FvD) and its extravagant 36-year-old chairman, Thierry Baudet, were considered rutte's main rivals after the party took first place in provincial elections earlier this year. In Germany, the CDU / CSU center-right alliance, which includes the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel, remains the largest party with 28 percent, but the Greens seem to be on the right track. We achieve the best results with 22 percent ,
"That does not mean that the balance of power between political forces is going to change dramatically compared to what we expected a few days ago," said Doru Frantescu Al Jazeera, CEO of the Brussels-based think tank Votewatch Europe: "We see changes on the left side between the political families, with the Greens taking more seats than expected, but these seats are losing to the Socialists. " He went on to explain, adding that the crash of the Socialists seems to be bigger than expected, despite gains in the Netherlands, which only have five seats in the European Parliament.
"This is signaled by the outcome in Germany, where the Greens have for the first time passed the Socialists."
Meanwhile, the right-wing extremist Austrian Freedom Party (FPO) in Austria does not seem to be following the "Ibiza gate" video With 17.5 percent, it is in third place behind the Austrian People's Party (34.5 percent) and the Social Democratic Party of Austria (23.5 percent).
The FPO, an important ally in Salvini's coalition for a "Europe of Nations", was struck by a scandal after a secretly filmed video. The company emerged from the chairman and vice-chancellor of Austria, Heinz-Christian Strache, and offered one Woman pretending to be the niece of a Russian oligarch, lucrative government contracts in return for campaign support. The Austrian government has witnessed numerous resignations of extreme right-wing ministers and faces a vote of no confidence on Monday.