Neuralink, the startup led by Elon Musk, developed by the multi-entrepreneur founded in 2017 on the basis of "threads" that can allegedly be implanted in the human brain, without affecting the environment brain tissue compared to the, what is currently used for the interfaces between brain and computer. "Most people do not know we can do it with a chip," Musk said, to launch Neuralink's event and talked about some of the brain diseases and issues that the company hopes to solve.
Musk says long term too Neuralink is really about finding a way "to achieve a kind of symbiosis with artificial intelligence". "This is not a mandatory thing," he added. "You can choose if you want."
Currently, however, the target is medical and it is planned to use a robot created by Neuralink that functions like a "sewing machine". to implant these incredibly thin threads I (between 4 and 6 μm, which is about one-third the diameter of the thinnest human hair) deep into the brain tissue of a person where it can perform both reads and writes at very high data volumes.
All this sounds incredibly far-fetched, and to some extent it's still like this: Neuralink's scientists said The New York Times in a meeting on Monday that the company is still a long way off until a commercial service can be offered. The main reason for breaking the cover and talking more freely about what they are working on is, as the newspaper reported, that they will be better able to work outdoors and publish newspapers, which is definitely a simpler way of working for something This requires just as much connection to the academic and scientific community as this.
Max Hodak, co-founder and president of Neuralink, said The NYT, the optimistic Neuralink technology, could theoretically soon find use in the medical field, including potential applications that enable amputees to regain mobility through the use of prosthetic devices and the reversal of visual, auditory or other sensory deficiencies. One hopes to actually work with human volunteers next year, also through a possible collaboration with neurosurgeons in Stanford and other institutions.
The current incarnation of Neuralink's technology would involve drilling actual holes in the skull of a subject to insert the ultrathin threads, but future iterations will shift to the use of lasers to create tiny holes that are much less invasive and essentially not felt by a patient, said Hodak the paper. It may seem unlikely to work on people with something similar to this description for a relatively new company next year, but this week Neuralink demonstrated its technology on a laboratory rat, achieving performance levels that surpass today's data transmission systems. Rat data was collected via a USB-C port in the head and, according to Bloomberg delivered about ten times what the best current sensors can offer.
The Progress of Neurlalink Compared to the Current BCI The methods also include the combined thinness and flexibility of the "threads" used. However, a scientist wondered how long they last when exposed to the brain, which contains a salt-mix liquid that can damage and eventually degrade the plastics over time. The plan is also for the electrodes implanted in the brain to communicate wirelessly with chips outside the brain, enabling real-time monitoring with unprecedented freedom of movement without external wires or connections.
Elon Musk is to finance most of this venture and act as CEO, with $ 100 million of the $ 158 million previously spent by the CEOs of SpaceX and Tesla. The company currently employs 90 people and still seems to be making aggressive adjustments based on its Minimal website (which basically only contains job ads). Elon Musk also noted at the beginning of today's presentation that the main reason for the event was the recruitment of new talent.