ATHENS, Ohio (November 1
Dr. Romoser, who specializes in arbovirology and general / medical entomology, has spent several years studying photos of the Red Planet available on the Internet. He found numerous examples of insect-like forms that were similar to bees, as well as reptile-like forms, both as fossils and as living things. He presented his findings on Tuesday, November 19, at the Entomological Society of America's national meeting in St. Louis, Missouri.
"There was and is life on Mars," Romoser said, noting that the images seem to show both fossil and living beings. "There are obvious differences between the Martian insect-like fauna, which have many features that resemble Terran insects and are interpreted as advanced groups – for example, the presence of wings, wing flexion, agile gliding / flying, and variously textured leg elements."
Romoser said that while the Mars rovers, especially the Curiosity Rover, have been looking for indicators of organic activity, there are a number of photos that clearly depict the insect and reptilian forms. Numerous photos show images in which arthropod body segments can be picked out of the environment along with legs, antennas, and wings, and one even shows one of the insects in a steep dive before being pulled up to the ground just before impact.
Individual images were carefully examined while changing photographic parameters such as brightness, contrast, saturation, inversion, etc. No content was added or removed. The criteria used in Romoser's research included: Dramatic deviation from the environment, clarity of form, body symmetry, segmentation of body parts, repetitive shape, residual bone, and observation of shapes in close proximity. Certain postures, signs of movement, flight, obvious interaction, as suggested by relative positions, and glossy eyes, were believed to be consistent with the presence of living forms.
"Once a clear image of a particular shape has been identified and described, it has been useful to facilitate the recognition of other less clear but still valid images of the same basic shape," said Romoser. "An exoskeleton and limbs are enough to identify themselves as arthropods, and three body regions, a single antenna pair, and six legs are traditionally sufficient to identify themselves as an" insect "on Earth, and these features should also be used to identify a limb Organism on Mars as insect-like On these bases, arthropodic, insect-like forms can be seen on the Mars rover photos. "
In many pictures have shown a clear flight behavior, said Romoser. These creatures loosely resemble bumblebees or carpenter bees on earth. Other pictures show these "bees" looking for shelter or nesting in caves. And others show a fossilized creature resembling a snake.
Romoser, who was an entomology professor at Ohio University for forty-five years and co-founder of the Tropical Disease Institute, has been a guest investigator for vector diseases at the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases for nearly 20 years. Between 1973 and 1998, Romoser wrote and co-authored four editions of the widely used textbook "The Science of Entomology".
Romoser noted that the interpretations of insect- and reptile-like creatures he described could change in the future as the knowledge of life on Mars evolves, but that the sheer volume of evidence is compelling.
"The presence of higher metazoan organisms on Mars implies the presence of nutrient / energy sources and processes, food chains and nets, and water as elements that function in a viable, albeit extreme, ecological environment sufficient to save your life, "he said. I have observed cases indicating stagnant water or small streams with obvious meanders and the anticipated smearing of small submerged rocks, larger rising rocks at the atmosphere / water interface, a humid shoreline and a drier area beyond the wet area. Water on Mars has been reported several times, including surface water detected with instruments from Viking, Pathfinder, Phoenix and Curiosity.
"The evidence of life on Mars presented here provides a strong foundation for many more important biological, social and political issues," he added. It is also a solid justification for further studies. "
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