Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was in Sudan's capital to lead mediation efforts between military and opposition leaders days after the killing of dozens of unarmed demonstrators by notorious paramilitary forces.
Shortly after his arrival in Khartoum on Friday, Abiy met members of the Transitional Military Council (TMC), which ruled Sudan since longtime leader Omar al-Bashir was overthrown in April by a coup. It was expected that talks would be held with the opposition Alliance for Freedom and Change during the day.
TMC spokesman Lieutenant-General Shams-Eddin Kabashi received the Ethiopian Prime Minister at Khartoum International Airport for a one-day visit before meeting the military leader. General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan .
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and his delegation came to Khartoum in Sudan this morning to speak with the head of Sudan's Transitional Military Council, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan. #PMOEthiopia pic.twitter.com/HaUPXMGv67
̵1; Office of the Prime Minister – Ethiopia (@PMEthiopia) June 7, 2019
Abiy, 42, who took office in Ethiopia last year Year and Politics Introduced His diplomatic skills, including peace mediation with his country's neighbors and the long-time enemy Eritrea, as well as his economic reforms were widely praised.
His trip took place after the African Union (AU) Sudan's membership of Sudan was suspended on Thursday and at least 108 people were killed and more than one thousand, according to the opposition committee affiliated to the Sudanese doctors 500 injured.
On Thursday, however, a health ministry official was cited with 61 fatalities.
Al Jazeera is unable to independently confirm the varying numbers after his journalists were told not to report from the country.
Since the Deadly Attack The fearful inhabitants of Khartoum have mostly stayed in the house, leaving the streets at a time when Muslims usually celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Fitr.
Soldiers of the dreaded Rapid Support Forces (RSF), whose origins lie in the notorious Janjaweed militia unleashed in conflict in the western region of Darfur in 2003 and 2004, are stationed on a number of main city squares remained.
Others have done so "We live in a state of terror for sporadic gunfire," said an unidentified South Sudan resident of AFP. The United Nations Secretary-General's deputy spokesman Farhan Haq urged the Sudanese military to ensure the safety of the civilian population – including freedom of expression and assembly, "Haq said.
" Political weight "  Talking to Al Jazeera, Awol Allo, a Keele University lecturer specializing in East African politics, spoke about Ethiopia "If there are external parties in the region that can bring both sides together, this would be the Ethiopian Prime Minister and the Ethiopian Government", Allo told Al Jazeera.
"This is partly due to Ethiopia's political weight in the AU … [and] also because Ethiopia has been largely neutral and impartial in the confrontation between the military council and the forces for freedom and change has remained. While Allo stated that the mediation efforts of A biy are limited, Ethiopia could help the military to reach an agreement that meets the demands of the opposition.
"Ultimately … The best plan that meets the demands of the revolution and the international community is the formation of a transitional government that gives the majority of authority – the highest authority – to a civilian body and not to the military aid Allo.
Suspension of AU membership
The AU Peace and Security announced that Sudan's participation in all AU activities with immediate effect "pending the effective establishment of a civilian transitional agency", which it considers " the "designated, exposed only way to" out of the current crisis ".
Sudan's pro-democracy leaders have vowed to continue their campaign of civil disobedience until the TMC is removed and killers of demonstrators are brought to justice. On Friday it was quiet on the streets.
The bloodshed on Monday was a crucial moment in the weeks-long struggle between the TMC and the opposition groups for leading the Sudan transition to democracy.
Burhan said the TMC is ready to resume negotiations with the opposition coalition. The opposition, however, rejected the offer on the grounds that the military could not be trusted.