Zakaria Abdelkafi / AFP / Getty Images
In the small, picturesque town of Villevieille in southern France, the temperature rose to 113.2 degrees on Friday .
Météo-France, the national weather service, issued the highest alert level for four regions in the country.
"Countless records in the Mediterranean, severely affected," wrote the meteorologist Météo-France Etienne Kapikian on Twitter . He said the temperature at the airport of Montpellier of 110.3 degrees "exceeded the previous record" by 42.4 degrees. The first measurements were taken in 1946.
French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe described the heat as "extraordinary in its precision and intensity" Government preparations are not an overreaction but a necessity.
Out of concern for children's safety, about 4,000 schools closed that day. Emergency heat-wave plans have opened public refrigerators in Paris and other cities, and parks and swimming pools have remained open for extended periods of time. Parisians could also use a smartphone app to find places to cool off.
According to France 24, at least four people drowned in France this week.
The French government began to take the fierce temperatures seriously after 2003. An estimated 15,000 people died in a heatwave. At that time, government officials were being beaten because they overlooked the health threats.
Record temperatures hit other parts of Europe this week. Heat records were broken in Germany Poland of the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Luxembourg and the small principality of Andorra between France and Spain.
In Spain, firefighters spent days trying to tame a raging devastating fire allegedly caused by improperly stored combustible chicken manure.
At least two people in Spain were reported as dead due to the weather – a 17-year-old man who had worked in a field in Andalusia and an 80-year-old man who died at a crossroads in the northern city of Valladolid ,
The European Environment Agency states that the number of warm days in Europe has doubled between 1960 and 2018 and that the continent has doubled. "In the second half of the 21st century, in a high-emission scenario" every two years "expected similar or worse heat waves.