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European satellite captures Nasa Mars lander from orbit



  InSight-Landeplatz

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ESA / Roscosmos / CaSSIS

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The image of the InSight landing site was taken on 2 March

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Europe's newest satellite on Mars spied on the landing site of the American-led InSight probe.

The NASA probe was deployed in November on flat terrain near the equator in a region called Elysium Planitia.

The joint European-Russian trace gas orbiter (TGO) then passed the scene in March to capture the scene.

In the camera of the TGO CaSSIS, the lander and the elements that brought it safely to the ground are visible

These components include the parachute and the two halves of the capsule, the InSight during its fiery descent through the atmosphere protected (heat shield and rear shell).

Something else is the burn marks around the probe. They are made by the ship's rocket engines as they gently fall onto the Martian surface.

  Image material: InSight descent

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NASA

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Images: Twelve engines stopped InSight on the surface

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  Burroughs Crater

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ESA / Roscosmos / CaSSIS

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Burroughs crater near the southern polar cap of Mars. The layers of ice and dust have formed in the crater over hundreds of millions of years. They record how the climate of Mars has evolved over time

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The image is one of the recently published sets of images from the Color and Stereo Surface Imaging System (CaSSIS) team of the TGO mission. 19659009] The instrument of the group based in Switzerland can record stereoscopic images of the planet's surface with a best resolution of 4.5 m per pixel.

It is mainly aboard to visually capture the orbiter's other instruments attempting to locate the positions on Mars. There, methane and other trace gases could enter the atmosphere.

However, when CaSSIS does not do this tandem work, it is used as a general imager to study the geology of the planet.

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] This composite colored image of the bottom of the Kibuye Crater in Terra Sirenum shows the varied mineralogical composition of the region's rocks.

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A good example is the image of the bottom of the Kibuye Crater in the region of Terra Sirenum, says Prof. Nic Thomas of the University of Bern.

"These places, where you have a great variety of colors, point to a great variety of minerals and in different layers, which means we could look at this sediment layers, where the deposit of water was a key process, and there CaSSIS Having this color and stereo capability, people are really looking for a camera in those locations, "he told BBC News.

The stereo system allows scientists to buy Bui ld survey models and calculate the thickness of the layers.

  Jezero Crater

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ESA / Roscosmos / CaSSIS

The crater to the left of this image is called Jezero. NASA will send a Rover in 2020. This is a red-blue stereo image that is best viewed with 3D glasses

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The Trace Gas Orbiter has been in orbit around Mars for almost a year.

One of his job is to provide a communication relay for surface operations.

The US Space Agency's Insight probe and its curiosity rover will speak to Earth via the TGO.

And when the joint European-Russian Rosalind Franklin rover arrives in 2021, he too will use the orbiter to transfer his data home.

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This image shows part of the Wandterrassen region of the 100 km wide Columbus crater. The white marks are salts that have been deposited in the crater during drying of seawater, such as a "bathring"

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This mysterious pattern was depicted on the crest of a hill in the Terra Sabaea region of Mars. The lines are probably the tracks left by hundreds or maybe thousands of "Dust Devils", mini-Mars tornadoes. The wrong blue color is used for contrast

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