Pregnant mothers who follow a Mediterranean diet are less likely to suffer from gestational diabetes, according to a study.
The diet, which is high in healthy fats and low in sugar and processed meat, also prevents the weight from creeping during pregnancy.
Pregnant women who followed the diet reported that they felt less bloated and happier eating more nuts and dripping olive oil with meals.
However, scientists found that the Mediterranean diet did not provide protection against pregnancy or neonatal complications during pregnancy.
Pregnant women who follow a Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil are less prone to gestational diabetes and gain weight.
The study, which was conducted by teams from Queen Mary University of London and the University of Warwick, involved 1,252 women in five British maternity departments.
Women were at risk for metabolic disorders, including obesity and chronic high blood pressure.
They were randomly selected to either follow a diet in accordance with UK national guidelines or to introduce a Mediterranean diet.
The former group received general birth preparation, while the latter received special attention to ensure that they followed the diet.
Women on the Mediterranean Diet were given free mixed nuts and a quart of extra virgin olive oil every 14 days for cooking.
They had a moderate intake of fish, poultry and dairy products and a low intake of red meat, processed meat, sugar, fast food and high-fat foods.
The study was published in the journal PLOS Medicine and a Mediterranean diet financed by Barts charity resulted in a 35 percent lower risk of diabetes in pregnancy.
FOUNDED: THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET
The consumption of more fruits and fish and less sugary drinks and snacks are the most important aspects of a Mediterranean diet.
- whole grains
- fish and meat
- unsaturated fats such as olive oil
Less of:  Saturated fats like butter
- A glass of red wine here and there is good
How can one fo low it:
- Eat more fish
- Press more fruits and vegetables into each meal.
- Exchange your sunflower oil or butter for extra virgin olive oil.
- Snack on nuts.
- Eat fruit for dessert.
Gestational diabetes has a high blood sugar level during pregnancy and poses an increased risk for the mother to develop type 2 diabetes in the future. This can also lead to problems such as premature birth.
On average, women who took the Mediterranean diet increased 1.25 kg less during pregnancy.
Professor Shakila Thangaratinam of Queen Mary University in London said: & # 39; This is the first study showing that pregnant women at high risk of complications can benefit from a Mediterranean diet to reduce their weight gain and the risk of gestational diabetes.
The implementation of this diet seems to be effective and acceptable for women.
The current national dietary guidelines do not include in their recommendations the main ingredients of the Mediterranean diet.
"Women at risk for gestational diabetes should be encouraged to take action early."
The participants came from different ethnic groups and lived in urban areas.
Dr. Bassel Wattar of the University of Warwick and Queen Mary University in London said: "Now we know that pregnant women from a high-risk city center and multiethnic populations are able to adapt their diet to the Mediterranean style, and that this is important to them Can bring benefits.
One in four mothers becomes obese with chronic hypertension or elevated cholesterol.
This can lead to pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia or the long-term risk of diabetes and cardiovascular complications for both mother and child
Despite improving gestational diabetes and gaining weight during pregnancy, no improvement in maternal and offspring complications was noted.
These include hypertension, pre-eclampsia, stillbirth, a fetus, gestational fetus, or pregnancy Newborn infants are under-licensed.
The participants in the Mediterranean diet group reported a better quality of life than participants in the control group and reduced bloating.
Other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or indigestion.
The results reflect the egg A Spanish study in which 874 pregnant women on the Mediterranean diet participated in which a 33% reduction in gestational diabetes was found but no effect on other outcomes.