- The suicide rate among U.S. Pat.
- Doctors became more hesitant in diagnosing depression in children after the FDA extended a "black box warning" label on antidepressants to children in 2007 – a move experts say could be linked to the increase in youth suicides.
- Experts also pointed to social media, the opioid crisis, premature brains and the media's role in addressing suicide as the other potential reasons for the increasing youth suicide rate.
The suicide rate by 56% in 10 years, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The suicide rate among people 1
For all age groups between 10 and 24-years-old studied by the CDC, suicide rates surpassed homicide rates from 2011 to 2017, the report notes. In 2017, the suicide rate among those in the same youth demographic was the second-leading cause of death. Additionally, the suicide rate in the U.S. 30%, the report notes.
"The chances of being a person in this age range by suicide is greater than homicide, when it is used to reverse," CDC statistician and author of the report Sally Curtin told The Wall Street Journal.
FDA antidepressant warning and decrease in prescriptions
Experts highlight the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) decision to label antidepressants with a "black box warning" in 2005, which was extended to include children in 2007, as a potential reason for the increasing suicide rate about US youth.
"The risk of increase in suicidal thought."
The risk of increase in suicidal thought "Clinical assistant professor at the University of British Columbia and author of" This Is Depression? " Diane McIntosh told The Daily Caller News Foundation.
"A lot of doctors who are prescribe started thinking – without reading the details of the medication – 'this could be my patient to commit suicide.' They are not making the diagnosis, "she continued."
The first line of the antidepressant blackbox warning for children's readings, "Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in short-term studies in children and adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. "
Antidepressant prescriptions decreased by 31.0% among young adults and 24.3% among children within two years of the FDA's black box warning was introduced, according to the New England Journal of Medicine.
National Alliance of Mental Illness Medical Director Ken Duckworth, MD,
"It should be noted that the FDA came out with a blackbox warning on the prescribing of antidepressants for adolescents and children, and prescribing has gone down since then, "he told the DCNF.
McIntosh their children, let alone let them use antidepressants. (1945)
"We can not talk to parents about vaccination for their kids, for heaven's sake. There's more risk for that than anything. So, you can imagine with all the dr. Google and negativity that's going on, when it comes to treatment with medication, parents say, 'I'm not giving my kid an antidepressants. That's what he said.
A Pew Research Center study found that 86% of adults between the 18 and 24 use some form of social media, whether that be Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat, YouTube or Twitter, according to the report
Another Pew Research found that 95% of children's 13 through 17 have a smartphone or have access to one. 72%, and the report notes.
The social media boom started in 2004, just three years before the beginning of
"Certainly, the timing is impressive," Duckworth told the DCNF. "The invention of the iPhone, Facebook and the withdrawal of antidepressants as a mainstream intervention by pediatricians. These are all correlations. "
McIntosh spoke about the impact of a computer or smartphone on a young brain.
" I think we're really going to reflect on this time and think, "What were we thinking? McIntosh said of social media. "When you are a child, you can end up with serious issues. We're seeing an association with anxiety and depression using social media. "
" If you did not get invited to a party back in the day, nobody knew. Now, you're seeing Snapchat stories, Instagram pictures – your friends having fun while you've been left out. And so much of these social media [apps] are about perfection – pictures of perfection that are actually not real. No wonder kids are really struggling, "McIntosh said.
Additionally, while girls in the U.S. attempt and report considering suicide more often – a phenomenon known as the "gender paradox," which has existed for decades, according to Time Magazine.
"I think boys and girls are really suffering from this. Girls are more overt in their experience. Girls tend to have more internalizing systems – more sadness, more physical insecurities. "McIntosh explained."
Duckworth said he uses the Internet and social media as a form of communication, but it's not real, human communication that is
"Your hypotheses [for the increasing suicide rate among youth] would have to be bullying and shaming online. People who spend time online as a child of communication, but it's not human communication, "Duckworth explained.
McIntosh added that just a couple of weeks ago when someone died of suicide, no one spoke about it. Now, the stigma around suicide is changing and the people are discussing the issue, which is a good thing because of the phenomenon of copycat suicides – or emulating the suicide of another person – is real.
The opioid crisis
Researchers have thus pointed to the opioid crisis in America and the death of parents and loved ones through overdosing as reason youth, as The Washington Post reported in June.
"Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Senior Press Advisor Christopher Garrett told the DCNF.
" Garrett continued.
More than 47,000 Americans died of opioid overdose in the US in 2017, and 130 of the opioid overdose every day in the US, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
"It's an incredible area to read about that is relevant in epigenetics – this area of looking at how early life trauma impacts your risk of depression and anxiety and how it impacts your mental and physical health later in life, "McIntosh explained."
"If you have a trauma in your childhood – and one of the most traumatic events is losing a parent, along with physical and sexual abuse – there is no doubt this is going on
Additionally, more than 70% of homeless youth or runaways have reported a substance abuse disorder.
The human brain is not fully formed until about age 25, which is the reason US
"Imagine you're facing a crisis at school, "McIntosh explained. "You do not have a fully-developed brain, and you have to think critically, think about a way out of this situation, but your brain has not developed enough to handle it. This is part of the issue. "
Underdeveloped prefrontal cortex is also what makes teenagers infamous for impulsive decision-making, even when it comes to suicide.
" Kids are being confronted with so much. So much stress – many of which are social media driven.
Garrett similarly told the DNF that the common link between all suicides among youth "is intense emotional pain," adding, " The fact that the brain is still developing the abilities to solve the pain. "
TV and movies that address suicide
The Netflix original TV series "13 Reasons Why," which was originally published in 2017. Viewers debated the risk of children watching the show, with some arguing that it was open
McIntosh, Duckworth and Garrett all brought up "13 Reasons Why" as an example of how the media portrays and discusses suicide – especially youth suicide, in this ca se, because the show takes place in a high school setting.
"Media has guidelines for how to cover suicide," Duckworth told the DNCF. "'13 Reasons Why 'violated many of those guidelines. The Key is to … glamorize, not reveal or post the person's suicide note – which is basically the plot of '13 Reasons Why. '
McIntosh explained that access to information about suicide through TV [http://enwikipediaorg/wiki/Music_Party_Detail_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Primary_Policy_similarlytheDCNFsaidthatthemediamediadepictionsofsuicideshave"beensuicidalandsuicidalattemptsespeciallywhenitinvolvesportrayalsofsuicideattemptsthatmodellethalmethods"
Recent studies have seen increased in suicidal behavior linked to the first season of '13 Reasons Why, '"Garrett added.
The plot of the book and TV series is the aftermath of a young girl's suicide. She leaves cassette tapes for individual classmates who played a role in her suicide. On the tapes, she explains, "There's 13 Reasons Why," McIntosh said. There's a lot of discussion. Kids are more likely to learn about suicide in their communities and people talking about it more, but there are some kids who want to be vulnerable [the show’s message]. I do not understand where that comes from. "
They went on to condemn the talking point that suicide is" selfish "because those who commit suicide are not just depressed for themselves;
"It's not a selfish act, and I think it's the most important job on Earth is parenting, so all about this. If you're watching stuff like this on TV, it's an opportunity for kids to talk to their kids about, 'Have you ever had these kinds of thoughts?' After the show received backlash in 2017 When it was released, Netflix removed the main character's "graphic" suicide scene and added trigger warnings to several other scenes throughout the series.
"13 Reasons Way" [showed] people who watched it were more likely to be interested in harming themselves. "Duckworth said."
Need help? Call SAMHSA's National Helpline at 800-662-HELP (4357) or visit SAMHSA's treatment locator here.
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