Extreme storms may become more frequent as tropical oceans become warmer due to climate change, warns NASA study
- Researchers studied 15-year data from NASA's atmospheric infrared aspirator
- They found extreme storms when the average temperature at the Sea Surface Exceeds 82F
- The probability increases by 21% for every additional 1.8 degrees, the study said
The warming of tropical oceans in the coming decades could, according to a new study, give way to more extreme rainstorms by the end of the century.
In a 15-year NASA study of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), an association has been found between higher surface tropical temperatures and violent storms.
This is the first time that scientists have quantified how much warmer waters can affect storm frequency and the team behind the study warns that climate change will only worsen the situation.
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The warming of the tropical oceans in the coming decades could, according to a new study at the end of the century, lead to more extreme rainstorms. File photo
The new study was led by a team from NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California.
Through a decade of AIR data, they were able to limit the relationship between extreme rainstorms and average sea surface temperatures.
Extreme storms produce at least 0.12 inches of rain per hour over a 16-mile area, according to researchers.
The data shows that these storms form when the surface temperature of the sea surface exceeds 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius).
And for every additional 1.8 degrees, the storms rise 21 percent.
"It's common knowledge that heavy storms will increase in a warmer environment," said Hartmut Aumann of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. 19659009 Thunderstorms usually occur in the warmest of seasons. However, our data provide the first quantitative estimate of how likely they will be, at least for tropical oceans. "
Current climate models predict that the surface temperatures of the tropical oceans may end up rising to 4.8 degrees Fahrenheit in the century.
] A 15-year NASA study of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) found a relationship between higher tropical sea surface temperatures and severe storms. Extreme storms are those that produce at least 0.16 inches of rain per hour in a 16-mile area
WHAT CAN CLIMATE CHANGE OUR OCEAN?
Climate change will contribute to acidification of the oceans, according to the National Ocean Service
This change is due to higher greenhouse gases resulting from human activities.
Climate change affects the ocean in different ways.
A new study has found that methane flares in a region off the coast of Norway are not caused by climate change as previously thought. However, scientists warn that the human-induced effects of climate change still exist (file photo)
This may cause sea levels to rise and corals to choke in the sea.
Climate Change Can Also Affect Ocean Currents According to the National Ocean Service
the organization has given the following tips to reduce the damage to the oceans:
- Eat sustainable seafood.
- Do not drain household chemicals in gutters.
- Drive as little as possible.
- Print less.
- Help with beach cleanups.
This means that the frequency of extreme storms could increase by up to 60 percent, the researchers warn.
"Our results quantify and give a more visual meaning to the consequences of the predicted ocean warming," Aumann said.
"Further storms mean more floods, more structural damage, more crop damage and so on, unless mitigation measures are implemented."