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Fan shortage forces DIY approach at warp speed

As the The coronavirus pandemic is nearing a high point in parts of the United States. Hospitals train medical personnel to operate ventilators, while companies and doctors upgrade devices if the breathing apparatus is empty.

In New York City, Mount Sinai Health System doctors have converted sleep apnea devices to help some COVID-19 patients when ventilators are in short supply.

In Massachusetts, the online education company edX has launched a special class to teach medical professionals who do not specialize in intensive care how to operate ventilators.

In an agreement between Connecticut and California, Xerox Holdings and Vortran Medical Technology plan to manufacture disposable single-use ventilators.

‘It’s nothing special, but it works:The Mississippi doctor uses hardware store supplies to make temporary ventilators

“At the moment, everything has to be done at warp speed. Hopefully it will help overcome the crisis,” he said Anant Agarwal, founder and managing director of edX and professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Ventilators and respiratory therapists are in short supply in some hospitals because coronavirus patients are filling newly expanded intensive care units.

Hospitals in several federal states have searched for the machines from federal and state stocks. Some in New York City have announced that they will use a ventilator to help two COVID-19 patients at the same time, which can be risky.

In on-the-job emergency training, hospitals have asked doctors and nurses to help monitor ventilators, although they have not been deeply trained in respiratory therapy.

These steps come as the coronavirus crisis approaches a turning point. The number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the U.S. rose to approximately 400,000 on Wednesday morning, with nearly 13,000 people killed on Wednesday morning Johns Hopkins University data.

In New York City, the home epicenter of the crisis, the 4,009 coronavirus deaths and thousands of hospitalizations have strained healthcare systems to the point of failure.

Andrew Cuomo, governor of New York, said Tuesday that hospitalizations, intensive care admissions, and patient intubations for ventilators have decreased nationwide. However, he announced 731 new deaths, the largest one-day toll on COVID-19 in the state. That is, it is too early to explain that the worst is over.

The teams share their designs online so that other hospitals can use them as coronavirus cases across the country and the facilities are low on ventilators. The retrofitted units could also prove useful in Africa, India and other parts of the world where ventilators are in short supply, Rapoport said.

“There was exceptional openness and communication in the scientific community,” he said. “Everyone shares.”

Xerox, Vortan’s partner, produces disposable single-use ventilators

Xerox, known for its office copiers, is working with Vortran to develop a device for the current pandemic and future disasters.

In one The Xerox collaboration announced on Monday plans to manufacture disposable single-use ventilators developed by Vortran as backup ventilators for disease outbreaks, mass accident events, and other disasters. The units cost around $ 120 each, far less than the price of over $ 10,000 for an ICU ventilator, if available.

The signage of Xerox Corp. is available on Friday, January 29, 2016, in front of the company's headquarters in Norwalk, Connecticut, USA. The Xerox Corp. rewinds the clock and splits off a service business that it acquired just over five years ago - the latest technology giant is taking drastic measures to cope with a rapidly changing market.

“It is a much simpler and cheaper device,” said Vortran co-founder and CEO Dr. Gordon Wong in an email. The devices ensure a constant air flow and can be used with a compressor.

Each unit is designed to be used once for an early stage patient with respiratory problems. A COVID-19 patient could be assisted on the device for up to 30 days, Wong said.

The machines have been used in the United States and around the world. The companies plan to produce 40,000 machines in April and increase to 150,000 to 200,000 a month by June.

“We want to make sure that doctors, nurses and paramedics have the front-line resources they need to help the increasing number of patients with COVID-19,” said John Visentin, Xerox vice president and CEO, in one Company declaration.

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