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Fifty years ago inspired & # 39; Earthrise & # 39; the environmental movement



The Apollo 8 mission of 1968 was crucial for the race for a man on the moon. It was the first manned launch of the colossal Saturn V rocket, which had previously flown twice in unmanned test missions. It was also the first manned spacecraft to escape Earth's gravity, reach another celestial body, and circled. It took almost three days for the crew to reach the moon, and after a four-minute engine fire that had thrown them into space or hurled them at the surface of the moon, they successfully entered orbit.

The astronauts were equipped with a heavily modified Hasselblad 500 EL, with the reflex finder replaced by a mechanical sighting ring. They were fully developed in application and photographic principles and had access to 70mm color and black and white films. Commander Frank Borman was in the process of turning the command module when it died on December 24, its fourth orbit, and the earth appeared as a blue jewel against the monochrome lunar surface.

19659002] Borman has reportedly taken a black-and-white photo of the Earth in a slightly lower position next to the Moon, but Anders believed that the image was worth the color. The conversation between the crew at that moment was famously recorded for posterity (above) and shows what happened next.

Anders: Oh my god! Look at the picture over there! Here comes the earth. Wow, that's pretty.
Borman: (joking) Hey, do not take that, it's not planned.
Anders: (laughs) You have a color film, Jim?
Give me that paint roller fast, would you …
Lovell: Oh man, that's great!

Anders did not load the movie fast enough to take the shot from the main window, but noted that the scene was still visible Luke. Crew member Jim Lovell wanted to take the camera to take a few more, but Anders amused him. "Wait a minute, let me make the right attitude here," he said. "Calm down, Lovell!"

Anders knew he got it ("Aw, that's a nice shot!") And said he took it at 1 / 250th of a second at f / 11. To make sure, he took a few more shots in slightly different shots.

On December 27, the crew splashed along with the famous photo. After Anders had loaded the movie, NASA's next chief, Dick Underwood, was in early 1969. The development of the seven reels, which contained 865 frames, was done with the same accuracy as the rest of the mission. [19659002] "I brought them to my area of ​​the photo lab, where we had a special processor that I had built for the Apollo space movie," Underwood told The Independent in 2009. "We gave love to this very thin movie There was no room for error and there should be no failure. "

The photo was published in early 1969 and is said to have inspired the first Earth Day in 1970. It has been a touchstone for the environmental movement ever since. "The great loneliness is overwhelming and makes you realize what you have on Earth," said Lovell.


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