In the years in which researchers (1990 to 2016)  investigated in 195 countries and territories, there were more firearms deaths outside the war.
In 2016, an estimated 251,000 people worldwide died from firearms. In 1990, there were 209,000 firearms deaths. Taking account of population growth, this corresponds to an annualized rate decline of 0.9%.
The number of firearms deaths is mainly concentrated in six countries, which make up less than 10% of the world population. The United States, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela and Guatemala together account for more than half of the world's deaths from weapons.
In 2016, the majority of the world's firearms deaths ̵
1; an estimated 64% – were homicides. Suicides accounted for 27% of deaths. A small fraction, about 9% of firearms deaths, happened to be accidental.
If you look at a map, the highest number of homicides are concentrated in a belt that extends from Mexico across the Caribbean to Brazil. Many of these killings involve drug cartels, the authors suspect, and there is a problem with organized crime and the illegal arms trade.
El Salvador recorded the highest concentration of firearms killings in 2016 at 38.9 per 100,000 people. By comparison, in Singapore, the country with the fewest inhabitants, there were 0.1 kills per 100,000.
"The sheer magnitude of these deaths and the range of firearms deaths are exceptional," said the lead author of the study Chris Murray, director of the Institute of Health Metrics and Assessment at the University of Washington. 19659011] Increase in accident death follows increase in arms sales, study finds "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-small-169.jpg "src-xsmall =" http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets /141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-large-169.jpg "src-medium =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-exlarge-169.jpg "src large = "// cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-super-169.jpg" src-full16x9 = "// cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/ 141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-full-169.jpg "src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/141129023635-gun-sales-handguns-small-11.jpg "data-demand -load = "not-loaded" data-eq-pts = "mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781" />
The most gefä Hardened demographic to weapon violence were men between 20 and 24 years. Men were also the biggest culprits of gun violence.
The suicide rate fell worldwide between 1990 and 2016. However, some countries have been struggling with this public health crisis. In 2016, Greenland had the highest number of firearms suicides with 22 deaths per 100,000 people. The US had the second highest figure, with 6.4 deaths per 100,000 in 2016.
"The US has really pretty clear rates of suicide," Murray said. "That was a surprise for me."
For perspective, the United States has 4.3% of the world population, but firearms suicide accounted for 35.3% of all firearms suicide bombing in the world in 2016. For comparison, there were two as many firearms killings as US firearms killings in 2016 ,
Americans also have more guns per capita than residents of any other country, with about four in 10 Americans saying they either own a gun or live in a house with guns, according to a study by the Pew Center in 2017.  Are gun laws saving lives? New study says lack of research makes it difficult to know ” src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-small-169.jpg” src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-medium-plus-169.jpg” src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-large-169.jpg” src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-exlarge-169.jpg” src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-super-169.jpg” src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-full-169.jpg” src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/171003144224-us-guns-3-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″/>
Americans have been more involved in firing weapons in the past decade, but the number of homicides is relatively flat. According to the study, the number of homicides in the US ranks 30th in the world.
The highest increase in suicide rates during that period was in Jamaica, and Singapore had the fewest suicide bombing related to firearms. These figures, Murray said, are an important reminder of how widespread this public health problem is.
There is not a single trend behind gun violence. Drugs, alcohol, a lack of psychosocial services and domestic violence are often to blame, as is poverty, according to the study.
"Places with a high mortality rate of firearms worsening tend to be places with weak government institutions, especially in the criminal justice system or social upheavals," Daniel Webster, who has written extensively on gun violence as director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun politics and research, wrote in an e-mail. Other things that depended on these numbers, he said, is that while the "measures are not great," he said, "there is a connection: more weapons, more firearms deaths."
Webster, who was involved in the new research, added that the overall downward trend in firearm mortality is something That stands out because "we tend to regard our current rate of gun violence as the worst ever, but there has been much progress" This violence
Laws that seem to limit gun violence include those reinforcing background checks and outbreaks Require permits for property, the study authors said. More arms restrictions in Brazil and South Africa seem to suggest a link between limited access to gun ownership and a lower number of suicide and homicides.