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Home / Health / First Ebola patient dies in the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo | world news

First Ebola patient dies in the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo | world news



The first Ebola patient in the largest city in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo has died according to the authorities.

The spread of the virus to Goma, a city with around 1 million inhabitants and a regional means of transport

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) first occurred in 1976 in two outbreaks in what is now South Sudan and in the Democratic Republic of Congo , The latter eruption took place in a village near the Ebola River. The disease has its name.

Ebola causes fever, pain and diarrhea and attacks the immune system. This leads to malfunction of the blood clotting cells, causing the victims to bleed heavily and die when they die. The immune system can not ward off the virus infection. It is transmitted by body fluids from person to person.

Infected patients are isolated and treated by medical teams wearing protective suits and trying to strengthen their immune response. The average mortality rate is around 50% – and health workers were often infected. Even burial ceremonies with direct contact with the body of the deceased can contribute to the transfer.

A still-experimental vaccine has proven to be highly effective in preventing the disease, according to the World Health Organization. They estimate that Ebola has killed around 13,000 people since 1976, especially in outbreaks in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea between 2014 and 2016.

The patient was a priest who became infected during a visit to the city of Butembo The Epicentres of the eruption before they took the bus to Goma, Congolese officials said.

He was rushed to a clinic in Butembo by Goma on Monday to be treated after his death, said North Kivu Provincial Governor Carly Nzanzu

The World Health Organization said on Monday that health officials had identified 60 people who had come into contact with the pastor since he fell ill, and half of them had been vaccinated.

Goma, more than 220 miles south of where The Ebola outbreak was first discovered a year ago and is the largest city affected by the eruption. Many of the usable roads in the region run through Goma and are a major hub of air and water transport.

Goma card

According to government statistics, the disease continues to spread and has infected more than 2,500 people. Nearly 1,700 people died, 700 recovered.

One month ago, three Ebola cases originating in Congo were confirmed in neighboring Uganda. Since then, no new cases have been registered there.

Rwandan authorities demanded serenity. Health Minister Diane Gashumba said 2,600 healthcare workers had been vaccinated. "This Ebola epidemic has now arrived near Rwanda. It's necessary to be more vigilant and avoid unnecessary visits to Goma, "she said.

The pastor became ill last week in Butembo, but decided to travel to Goma in North Kivu province on Sunday. During his stay in Butembo, the 46-year-old regularly held services in seven churches and put his hands on worshipers, including the sick. The Ministry of Health reported .

Officials called on communities to take precautionary measures such as washing their hands and avoiding physical contact with people suspected of being contaminated with the virus.

The number of people moving into or through the zone most affected by Ebola has been a major health challenge. Attacks on health professionals and treatment facilities were also a problem. On Monday, two employees of Ebola consciousness were killed in the affected area.

Several armed groups live in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Fighters of the May-May militia are active near the most affected cities. Health teams have not been able to access areas affected by violence to vaccinate people at risk of infection and to isolate infected patients.

How bad is the current outbreak?

Since last August, more than 2,100 people have been infected with Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This makes the eruption the second largest in history. More than 1,412 people died.

The disease has spread at unprecedented speed. While it took eight months to reach 1,000 reported cases, it only took 71 days to double that number.

What exactly is Ebola and how is it spreading?

Ebola causes fever, pain and diarrhea and attacks the immune system. This leads to a malfunction of the blood clotting cells, so that those affected bleed heavily and die if their immune system can not ward off the virus infection. It is transmitted from person to person through bodily fluids.

Can it be treated?

Infected patients are isolated and treated by medical teams wearing protective suits and trying to boost their immune response.

A still-experimental vaccine has proven to be highly effective in preventing disease, according to World Health Organization.

Why is it spreading even though there is a vaccine?

The history of conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has led to suspicions from outsiders: rumors that health professionals are making money out of the crisis – or that Ebola does not exist – continue to circulate. Aid agencies were accused of not having dispelled the mistrust of the population.

A government decision in December to suspend voting in presidential elections in areas affected by Ebola led to the idea that the disease is being used as a political tool.

There have been repeated attacks on health professionals and facilities, which has slowed the vaccination programs. Health workers have resorted to police escorts, which in turn has increased the sense of intimidation among the locals.

At other times, violence against health teams came from residents who do not want their relatives brought to treatment centers or buried under the Ebola Transmission Reduction Guidelines Rory Stewart, the UK's International Development Minister, said the years of ebola Outbreaks are nearing extinction, and the World Health Organization should declare him an international emergency.

Additional coverage by Ignatius Ssuuna in Goma


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