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Will Transport Astronauts to and from the International Space Station
BREVARD COUNTY • KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLORIDA – The first test flights for new spacecraft built by commercial companies in collaboration with NASA to carry astronauts to and from the United States from the International Space Station, SpaceX and Orbital Flight Test for Boeing
The goal of NASA's collaboration with Boeing and SpaceX is to provide safe, reliable and cost-effective transportation to and from the station on company spacecraft.
Both companies have matured designs, have made significant progress through their extensive test campaigns, and are being led to flight tests to validate their systems.
An unmanned flight test was not a NASA requirement to certify these manned space systems. Boeing and SpaceX volunteered to conduct these tests to demonstrate that their systems are safe for crew.
"This was beyond the NASA requirement in the contract," said Kathy Lueders, Commercial Crew Program Manager at NASA Kennedy
. Both partners said they absolutely wanted to pilot the flight to make sure that the integrated rockets, spacecraft and reentry systems all work to make the integrated system work.
Each test flight will provide data on the performance of the rockets, spacecraft, ground systems and operations to ensure that the systems are safe for astronauts.
The Starliner CST-100 spacecraft from Boeing will be on a launcher Atlas V of the United Launch Alliance launched by the Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
SpaceX designed its crew of Dragon spacecraft to launch at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on the company's Falcon 9 rocket from the historic Launch Complex 39A.  "Safe and reliable flying commercial missions for NASA remains the highest priority for SpaceX," said Benji Reed, director of Crew Mission Management at Spac eX.
"We look forward to Crew Dragon – developed as one of the safest and most advanced human space flight systems of all time – and space capabilities in the United States for the first time since the withdrawal of the Space Shuttle program in 2011.
"Our goal has always been to give NASA and its teams the highest mission guarantee," said John Mulholland, vice president and program manager for Boeing's Commercial Crew. "
We believe that we will do so for the first time in mid-2019 at the end of the year or early next year.
I am incredibly proud of the progress of our team and it It was inspiring to watch them mastering challenges quickly as they developed a brand new spacecraft that Boeing, NASA and the nation can be proud of. "
SpaceX is aiming for the first demonstration mission of Crew Dragon in November 2018 April 2019 for Crew Dragon's second demonstration mission, which will bring two NASA astronauts to and from the International Space Station. "
NASA is now making crew missions for the Boeing Crew's Flight Test and SpaceX Demo-2 to aid in flight training
When a partner nears its target date, NASA will join the company and the Eastern Range Work together to identify the launch dates within the heavily frequented International S Station Plan to ensure that scientific investigations as well as logistical activities and critical operations continue while these new spacecraft are being tested.
Many of the team members who created the unique public-private Partnership Believes The Agency Is On The Threshold Of Somewhat Changed Life
"I am pleased to be part of the future of space travel," said Jon Cowart, deputy head of the Mission Management and Integration Office of the Commercial Crew Program NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
"If we look at this P Coming soon, companies will have tested each piece of the spacecraft individually, but there is so much more to learn if the spacecraft is actually operated in space. The systems are operated in the actual environment to test them and make sure that they are ready for the crew. "
The hardware for these unmanned missions will be prepared for take-off." Boeing Starliner Spacecraft will be on the Kennedy and Cargo Operations Facility on the Kennedy and Atlanta V Dual Engine Centaur United Launch Alliance, the Starliner will be in Cape Canaveral in August Air Force Station equipped in Florida to prepare for the upcoming flight
Separately, SpaceX crew spacecraft Dragon demo for the demo 1 in July came to the Cape for final processing.
The first and second stages of Falcon 9 for the Demo 1 mission to be delivered from SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California, to the company's missile testing facility in McGregor, Texas, for additional testing in August.
Once the unarmed flight tests are completed and the spacecraft data checks completed NASA astronauts have their first opportunity to fly into the spacecraft. 19659018] Crew for Boeing Crew Flight Test and SpaceX Demo-2 flights will each have at least one flight commander and pilot on board to test the systems.
These flight tests will have similar configurations to the unarmed tests, but the crew will have the ability to communicate with spacecraft displays, communicate with mission control and practice manual controls during the flight. Starliner and Crew Dragon will dock and undock autonomously at the space station before the crew returns home safely.
"The crew is currently working on integrated crew simulations on the flight systems," said Lueders
"They are providing information to the partners to ensure that the interior of the cabin is appropriately arranged and set up so that the crew is able to perform and perform important activities
They check the crew layout and perform simulations in which to practice their maneuvers, the software and display systems, and everything else to make the crew in the spacecraft safe. "
Upon successful completion of crew flight tests, NASA will review flight data to verify that the systems meet Agency requirements for safety and performance certification requirements and are prepared to commence regular maintenance orders to the Space Station.
"I see parallels between the commercial occupation and the early aviation industry as the government promoted this commercial innovation," said Cowart
. "Similarly, NASA enables the private sector to establish itself in a near-Earth orbit NASA makes it possible to explore new frontiers in space. "
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