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New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has announced that she and French President Emmanuel Macron will seek a global effort to prevent social media from promoting terrorism as a result of recent attacks by New Zealand and Sri Lanka
"" It's not about freedom of expression, it's about preventing violent extremism and terrorism online, "Ardern told reporters at a news conference in Auckland on Wednesday.
She described how the white supremacist gunner in Christchurch, who had killed 50 people at two mosques in March, had no right to transfer the attack, he wore a camera attached to a helmet and sent his shootout on Facebook, and the company later removed the video This is a global problem, and that's why I think it needs a global response, "she said.
Macron and Ardern plan to hold a meeting with world leaders and technology companies in Paris on May 15, together with a meeting of G7 digital ministers in Tech for Humanity.
Ardern says their efforts would uphold the principles of a free internet, but Adrian Shahbaz, a research director of the DC-based Watchdog Freedom House, worries where the discussions might lead. "After major national security crises and terrorist attacks, this tendency is to respond to the problem," he tells the NPR.
In the onslaught on the massacres, Shahbaz said, leaders could enact laws and regulations that violate privacy and freedom of expression. "One of the ideas that Jacinda Ardern mentioned may have delayed the livestream, but the fear we have is somehow moving into a future where all social media posts are filtered before they're published."
At least 21 countries According to Freedom House, social media blocked between 2017 and 2018.
In Sri Lanka, the island nation staggered before the terror attacks on Easter Sunday, killing more than 350 people in churches and hotels Instagram to prevent that false information is disseminated online.
The Sri Lankan authorities used the same tactics in 2018 to prevent anti-Muslim rumors and annoying images after the misinformation triggered uproar in the country.
Shahbaz Announces Closure in Response Sunday's bomb attacks may have prevented people from communicating with their relatives, seeking refuge, and accessing accurate information. "We should treat the root cause of the problem, not the symptoms," he says.
Robert Pape, Professor of University of Chicago specializing in international security and director of the Chicago Security and Threats Project, says the Parisian The summit is a good step, but one should invite terrorism experts.
That's because social media has become "the centerpiece" of terrorism's proliferation, "says Pape.
" Social media provides opportunities for Islamist terrorists, white terrorists with suprematism, and even gunmen working for empowerment self-employment, for yourself in a way that no other media platform does.
The Sri Lankan government accused the local militant group National Thowheed Jamath of Sunday's massacre and said their members had received international aid 19659009] On Tuesday, ISIS took responsibility for the coordinated explosions and showed a video of the alleged attackers Pape said that this was "almost certainly the case," in line with the group's April statement that it was launching a vengeance campaign against the international coalition that sought its territorial unity in Iraq and Iraq
International terrorist groups usually cooperate with local groups, Pape adds, local suicide bombers carry out the mission of the international group and in return receive "glorification" of videos, photos and stories that the larger organization distributes online,
A Sri Lankan minister said this week that the bombings are in retaliation for the Muslims killed in Christchurch.
"I have seen reports of these statements," Ardern told reporters on Wednesday. "We have not officially received anything, nor have we received intelligence reports confirming what has been said in Sri Lanka."
Raffaello Pantucci, anti-terrorism expert at the Royal United Services Institute, a think tank in London, told NPR he sees no connection between the two attacks. "An operation of this size and size would have taken some time."
Nevertheless, he says the trends in terrorism are grim. "Violence has become a message, in contrast to a message that is forcibly advanced."