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Fossils of New Human Species Dug Out in the Philippines Kids News Article



67,000-year-old fossils of new human species were found in the Callao Cave (right) in the Philippines (source: Nature via Armand Mijares)

Paleontologists had long believed that ancient people used land bridges to ] to move from one country to another. Therefore, Luzon, the largest of the 7,641 islands that located the Philippine archipelago in the western Pacific (19459009) in the western Pacific, seemed to be completely out of reach of our ancestors. There are indications that a hitherto unknown human species managed to overcome the ocean currents and settle on the island 50,000 to 67,000 years ago ̵

1; at about the same time as our species, Homo sapiens and our next Ancestors the Neanderthals, lived on the earth.

Armand Mijares, who published the Nature [10] study published in the journal Nature first discovered fossil, an almost complete foot bone, in the Callao Cave of Luzon 2010. Although the archaeologist of the University of the Philippines Diliman suspected that he might belong to a new species, he needed more evidence . Subsequent site visits in 2011 and 2015 yielded two additional toe bones as well as seven teeth, two finger bones and a portion of a femur . That may not sound like much, but it was enough to confirm the researcher's theory.

It is believed that the fossils belonged to two adults and a juvenile member of the ancient human species (Credit: Callao Cave Archeology Project)

Mijares and co-author of the study, Professor Philip Piper of the Australian National University, believe that the fossils belonged to at least three persons – two adults and one adolescent . An analysis of the tiny bones suggests that the ancient human, Homo luzonensis, [1,29 m] was under 4 feet (1.2 meters) tall. The researchers say that their teeth are a mixture of those found in modern humans, Neanderthals and Homo floresiensis (19459011), which used to live in Indonesia – fingers and toe bones were similarly curved Australopithecines, who lived millions of years ago.

"It's unbelievable The hand and foot bones are notable Australopithecine ] -like," says Piper. The Australopithecines were the last time on earth in Africa about two million years ago and are considered ancestors of the Homo group, which includes modern humans. Therefore, the question arises whether some of these features as adaptations to the island life or whether it is anatomical features that up to [ H. luzonensis by their ancestors on the were delivered before two million years ago. "

Foot bone is similar to that of tree-covered Australopithecines.

In order to discover the ancestors of the ancients and how they arrived in the Philippines Mijares has to search for new fossils However, this does not bother and says, "I am very proud, because as Filipino and Southeast Asian, we are mostly on the periphery of this [evolution] debate." Now we can actively participate in the debate because our areas – ours Locations – Now Be Recognized And that, I believe, is my heritage in this world. "

Although H. The History of Luzonensis will take several years to decipher Their presence shows that the history of human evolution may be far more complicated than previously thought: experts also realize that in Southeast Asia more Hom Inin species are considered to be accepted, many of which have not yet been discovered .

Resources: nature.com, newatlas.com, nationalgeographic.com


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