The Trump administration blamed Iran for the attacks on two oil factories belonging to the state-owned Saudi Arabian oil company Aramco nine days ago. This claim has been deeply skeptical among politicians, experts, and even some US allies, especially as the Trump government has launched a campaign of maximum pressure against the Islamic Republic, and many believe Washington has exaggerated its intelligence about Tehran in the past ,
But America's claim got a big boost on Monday when the leaders of the three major allies – France, Germany, and the United Kingdom – made a joint statement to the UN that there is no question of whether Iran behind the apparent drone and missile attacks on Saudi Arabia.
"It is clear to us that Iran bears the responsibility for this attack," they said. "There is no other explanation."
"These attacks may have targeted Saudi Arabia but affect all countries and increase the risk of major conflict," the statement said. The European powers also called on Iran to act more responsibly and in accordance with the terms of the Iranian nuclear agreement.
Leaders of and the Just met in NYC #UNGA and made a joint statement:  It is clear to us that Iran bears the responsibility for this attack. There is no other plausible explanation. We support ongoing investigations to determine more details. pic.twitter.com/5uf94Do5ND
– Raphael Justine (@RaphJustine) September 23, 2019
This is significant. Since the US resigned from the nuclear deal last year, European states parties – including states in the Declaration – have been seeking good relations with Tehran.
In particular, French President Emmanuel Macron has worked tirelessly to keep the agreement alive, and even attempted to arrange a meeting this week between President Donald Trump and his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani at the UN Ignoring the Intelligence they have decided to openly condemn the Islamic Republic.
With more allies on its side, the Trump administration may feel encouraged to increase pressure on Tehran even further. This could be done in the form of even more sanctions or cyberattacks that make critical Iranian computers and networks digitally useless. These punishments could now be considered more legitimate, as other larger, more friendly Iranian world powers have blamed it for the Saudi attacks.
Perhaps in an attempt to ward off the worst, Iran has warned that a military response could trigger an "all" -out was "in the Middle East.
The question now is how Iran will react. If more countries publicly oppose it, it is possible that they will opt for more combat readiness to force the US and others to lift the growing economic and political pressure on them. If it goes this way, it could be in much greater trouble than it already is.