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Were smallpox eradicated by vaccination or is it a "myth"?



A Patient Receives a Flu Vaccine, October 8, 2015 in Lille – PHILIPPE HUGUEN AFP
  • At the end of February, YouTube, Pinterest, and Amazon Prime are fighting false information related to the vaccine.
  • The Immunization Week, launched in 2005 by the World Health Organization (WHO), will take place from 24 to 30 April.
  • In the sixth episode of his series, "20 Minutes" returns speech on websites against vaccines according to which the World Health Organization (WHO) has not eradicated smallpox by vaccination

and whether the World Health Organization (WHO) has lied for nearly 40 years Years in public about smallpox, which she declared "eradicated" in 1

980? The theory is widely used in various places to warn of the dangers of vaccination .
like "Info Vaccines France".

This website also relies on excerpts from the final report on the worldwide eradication of smallpox to highlight the WHO's alleged WHO approval for the vaccination campaign. In the 1960s, "Info Vaccines France" cited various "shock" phrases in the document available on the WHO website, including: "Extermination campaigns based solely on mass vaccinations were successful, but some countries failed in most cases.

The website then claims that only the so-called "surveillance containment" strategy, i. H. The isolation of patients, in just a few years, would have allowed triumph over disease "by disrupting the transmission chain"

But it's a misinterpretation of the report that omits substantial parts of it

<img src = "https: // img .20mn.fr / bImydMGYR7qiwLouIvakXQ / 648×415 "alt =" Illustration of a child's vaccine 59010] Illustration of a child's vaccine – Pixabay

FAKE OFF

Philippe Sansonetti, physician and researcher in microbiology and author of Vaccines (Odile Jacob) confirms: " There has clearly been a vaccination to eradicate smallpox. The WHO, which has funded and organized this global campaign, deserves credit. "

" Smallpox was a terrible disease with high infant mortality. It has been very difficult, it is necessary to return to the context of the time when today there were no access possibilities to reach really difficult access circles, "he adds 19659006] Anne-Marie Moulin, doctor, research director at the CNRS and author by Aventure of Vaccination (Fayard) is a bit more subdued: "The paternity of this advance was claimed by the WHO. This also applies to the two centuries of the fight against smallpox. From 1800 all princes worked for the vaccination, which was then called smallpox. But the WHO has done the coup against this disease.

With very rapid results in some areas, as noted in the WHO report (page 32): "Mass vaccination campaigns were most successful and well managed in countries with relatively well-developed health services, with notable successes in China, several South American countries Accession difficulties

Inger Damon, a pox physician at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the US federal agency for protection public health, points to 20 Minutes : "The global campaign, led by the WHO, implemented a massive vaccination strategy targeting 80% coverage. However, for many reasons, this goal has been difficult to achieve in many less developed areas, including inadequate access, lack of security, population migration and lack of vaccine stocks.

This explains the WHO's failures, especially in some countries such as India.

Ring vaccination, an effective solution

When these difficulties have led to a number of consequences Failures did not prevent the campaign from achieving its goal, thanks in particular to the "ring vaccine strategy". "

This method has recently been used against the Ebola virus and is" specifically to detect cases of smallpox and to vaccinate those who come in contact with them, "says Anne-Marie Moulin huge sums spent on their campaign. The transition to ring vaccination was decided for reasons of efficiency and economy, "she adds.

For Philippe Sansonetti, this development is more than positive:" Contrary to vaccine statements. It is a demonstration of a flexible approach to public health have realized that it is impossible to vaccinate all and we have changed the strategy. So we managed to eradicate the smallpox, that is, to eliminate the disease and to make sure that the virus stops circulating.

"We should speak of elimination rather than extermination"

Can we really speak of extermination? Anne-Marie Moulin-Nuance: "We'd better talk about the elimination, eradication implies total destruction, that's not the case: there are certainly more cases of smallpox in the world, but there are always in Russia and the United States Stockpiles of poxviruses. "WHO recognizes on their website:" [La variole] is no longer natural, but stocks of variolavirus remain in two reinforced safety laboratories.

According to Inger Damon, the last person in the world who suffered from large smallpox [la forme la plus grave de variole] was a 1975 child in Bangladesh Somalia.


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