The Democrats in Congress were affected. "The howling in Congress was loud," wrote General Colin L. Powell, chairman of the chief of staff under Bush, in his memoirs. "Was this George Bush, whom some people criticized as" eyelashes "and tried to prove his masculinity by war?
The United Nations Security Council passed a resolution in late November approving the use of force against Iraq It did not leave Kuwait until January 15, 1991. On January 12, parliament and the Senate, with the support of both parties, approved the military action in the Persian Gulf, at which point Bush had laid the foundation: 28 countries, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Saudi Arabia. Arabia and the Soviet Union stood behind him.
"Our goal is not the conquest of Iraq, but the liberation of Kuwait," Bush said in an F ernsehansprache. Mr. Hussein announced that the "mother of all battles" had begun.
The war began with a spectacular demonstration by the United States Air Force, as precision missiles and bombing ravaged Baghdad. The White House hoped that this attack alone would win the war without American casualties, but the Pentagon officials realized that ground invasion was inevitable.
When the ground war came, the ground war lasted almost exactly 100 hours with minimal American losses. Circled, the Iraqi army gave up. Bush called for a truce, although members of the Republican Guards, an Iraqi elite unit, were able to escape, and even though they had Hussein in power.
General Powell advised Mr. Bush to end the ceasefire fight. "Mr President, it is much better than we expected," he recalls, according to his memoir. "The Iraqi army is broken. Now they just try to get out. We do not want to be considered killing for killing. Mr. Bush responded to General Powell's account, "If so, why do not we end it today? "