Tuesday, February 26, 2019
The superficial impression is that right-wing populist parties offer climate change deniers a natural home. That is true, but only partially. In addition, the greatest threat to international climate protection does not come from the right-wing populists themselves.
Not all delegates agreed on all the points when the AfD decided its general program three years ago at a congress in Stuttgart. The claim that there has been no increase in temperature for 18 years, "is based on a one-sided selection and unacceptable generalization of the measurement results for the lower layer of the Earth's atmosphere," he said. a movement that sought to cancel the passage.
There were still other petitions of this type, but the climate change deniers prevailed. "In the 20th century, the global average temperature increased by approximately 0.8 degrees," says the AfD in its current program, although it is true. But he continues, "However, since the end of the 1990s, contrary to the IPCC projections, there has not been an additional increase, even though CO2 emissions have increased more than ever during this period."
This is nonsense, of course, as a look at this graph from NASA shows. According to the US Space Agency UU., 2018 was the fourth warmest year since temperature records began. Even warmer were only 2016, 2017 and 2015. There is no doubt that "there is no more increase".
However, it is less likely that you will be surprised that the AfD has made its own the denial of climate change. Behind this is the assumption that right-wing populism and climate skepticism tend to go hand in hand. A new study conducted by the research and consulting institute Adelphi confirms this impression, although only partially.
- Seven of the 21 most powerful right-wing populist parties in Europe deny that there is a problem. In addition to AfD, the Austrian FPÖ, the British Ukip and the Dutch PVV belong to this group. Some of these parties also resort to conspiracy theories that climate change only serves to scald the taxpayer.
- Eleven of the parties do not have an explicit climate policy, including the Polish PiS ruling party, which calls itself a pro-coal party. but rejects research on climate change.
- Only three right-wing populist parties in Europe recognize climate change as a threat that must be addressed: the real Finns, the Hungarian ruling party Fidesz and the National Association "of Latvia.
The central threat to However, a European climate policy is not part of the right-wing populist parties, write the authors of the study. One of the greatest threats to the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement is not the rise of right-wing populist parties and climate skeptics across Europe, "but the danger of middle class parties adopting their rhetoric and arguments" .