Published on March 27, 2019 |
by Joshua S Hill
27. March 2019 by Joshua S Hill
Global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018 A strong global economy and increased heating and cooling demand led to a 1% increase in global energy-related CO2 emissions , 7% to 33 gigatons.
These are the most important ones Findings from World Energy & CO2 Status Report issued by the International Energy Agency (IEA) this week to update global energy markets including the latest information available for oil, natural gas, coal, wind, sun, Nuclear power, electricity and energy efficiency. According to the report, demand for all fuels will increase in 2018. However, fossil fuels benefited most, accounting for almost 70% of global growth for the second year in a row. Solar and wind production grew at double-digit rates – solar growth was 31% – but in 2018 natural gas was the preferred source of energy and contributed 45% to the increase in energy consumption.
It should not be a surprise Global energy-related CO2 emissions increased by 1.7% in 2018 to 33 gigatons (Gt). Worldwide, the use of coal in electricity generation alone exceeded 10 Gt and accounted for one-third of the overall increase – most of which came from the development of the emerging coal fleet in Asia; In fact, the majority of coal-fired power plants can be found in Asia, the average age of coal-fired power plants is 12 years – not good news, considering that the average lifespan is about 50 years.
Global energy demand has increased dramatically in 2018 and has grown the fastest this decade, "said Dr. Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the IEA. "Last year is also another golden year for gas, which accounted for nearly half of global energy demand growth. Despite the strong growth of renewable energies, global emissions are still rising. This shows once again that more urgent action is needed on all fronts: developing all clean energy solutions, reducing emissions, improving efficiency and promoting investment and innovation, including carbon capture and use and storage.
The report also showed that electricity will continue to dominate the "fuel" of the future. Global demand for electricity rose by 4% in 2018 to over 23,000 terawatt hours (TWh), which increased electricity to a share of 20% of total final energy consumption, accounting for half of primary energy demand in 2018. Renewables contributed significantly to this power generation and accounted for almost half of the world's total growth in 2018. China remains the world leader in renewable energy, both wind and solar, followed by Europe and then the US United States.
Overall, nearly one-fifth of the increase in global energy demand in 2018 was due to higher heating and cooling demand, as average winter and summer temperatures reached or surpassed historic records in some regions of the world.  The three largest energy-intensive countries in the world, China, the United States and India, together accounted for nearly 70% of global energy demand growth. The United States recorded the world's largest increase in demand for oil and gas last year, and gas consumption rose 10% year-on-year, the highest since the IEA records began in 1971. Gas demand worldwide grew 4% , 6% year on year the fastest rate since 2010, the second consecutive year of strong growth, driven by higher demand and the decreasing role of coal in the global energy mix. While gas demand in China was led by the United States, it also rose nearly 18%.
Oil demand increased by 1.3% in 2018, with the United States again leading the industry's petrochemical industry and transport services for the first time in 20 years thanks to strong expansion.
Coal consumption increased by 0.7% in 2018, but the good news is that increases were only seen in Asia, especially in China, India and a few countries in South and Southeast Asia. This seems to indicate that Western coal policy is beginning to affect the overall picture.
"According to the findings, which are part of the International Energy Agency's latest assessment of global energy use and energy-related CO2 emissions for 2018," We see a significant increase in electricity consumption, especially in highly developed countries, "said Landry Ninteretse, 350 Africa Regional Team Leader, via e-mail. "Three countries in Africa witnessed the shocking weather shocks of Cyclone Idai. Therefore, the demand for fossil fuels is particularly worrying, as scientific evidence suggests that fossil fuels contribute directly to unstable climatic conditions. To accelerate the global transition to low carbon emissions, all fossil fuel projects must be phased out. Coal-fired power stations are being shut down one by one around the world, and the leaders of the global "North" are committed to big commitments. However, Africa remains the only continent on which coal extraction to meet demand seems acceptable, and it continues to grow as it is the most vulnerable continent for climate change.
"The costs that are currently being felt after the Cyclones Idai are a clear indication of what awaits us if we do not choose the path to a future that leads to cleaner energy. "
Joshua S Hill I'm a Christian, a nerd, a geek, and I think we're going to hell in a hand basket pretty quickly!
I also write for Fantasy Book Review (.co.uk) and can write articles for various other websites. For more information, see about.me.