Deadly bacterial viruses such as anthrax could soon be back in the atmosphere after the frozen city of Yakutsk in northeastern Russia begins to melt. The East Siberian city usually remains frozen for 12 months of the year and regularly reaches temperatures of minus 60 ° C in the winter months. However, under the permafrost, which has been frozen for two years in a row, there are numerous dangerous diseases that remain alive Extinction of many species, including the woolly mammoth.
Biologists fear that the deadly disease could recur when snow and ice continue to melt and are transmitted to humans through plants and water.
In 2016, the first outbreak of anthrax in the Arctic region of Yamal was detected in 70 years, after temperatures reached 35 ° C. 1
Boris Kershengolts, a Yakutsk biologist, told the Telegraph: "Anthrax spores can survive in permafrost for up to 2,500 years.
"This is frightening given the thawing of 19th century animal tombs.
" When they are taken out of permafrost and brought into our temperatures, they are revived.
Added: "It would be a catastrophe not for the Arctic"
"The catastrophe could surpass Chernobyl."
At the current rate, the permafrost level in Yakutsk decreases by 5 cm every year.
Melting the earth is not only bad for the earth, as the likelihood of sea level rise and flooding increases, the thawing of permafrost releases gases such as methane and CO2 that damage the ozone layer.
Russian President Vladimir Putin warned of "disturbing trends" in global warming
A particular concern highlighted by Russian research data was that the temperature in Russia is two and a half times higher than anywhere else in the world.
Putin told the 5th International Arctic Forum: "According to our According to information, the Arctic is warming four times faster than the rest of the world, and Russia is warming 2 , 5 times faster than the rest of the world.
"These can be different calculations, but both are really worrying trends. "