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Goats and soda: NPR



A girl is being treated for suspected cholera infection in a hospital in Sana'a, Yemen. Between April 2017 and April 2018, there were more than one million cases of cholera in the country.

Hani Mohammed / AP


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Hani Mohammed / AP

A girl is being treated for suspected cholera infection in a hospital in Sana'a, Yemen. Between April 2017 and April 2018, there were more than one million cholera cases in this country.

Hani Mohammed / AP

At the end of the year, global health figures give cause for hope and desperation.

There is a strong positive comment. A primary public health outcome is that people live longer. "If this is not a reason for optimism," says Dr. Ashish Jha, director of Harvard Global Health Institute and T.H. Chan School of Public Health: "I do not know what is."

And then there are the millions of cases of cholera in Yemen – considered by the International Committee of the Red "as a disgusting milestone for the 21st century" Cross.

Note: Due to the way global numbers are recorded, it is too early to report health statistics from the year that is now coming to an end. For 2018, only a few are available – for example, polio cases and Ebola deaths in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In recent years, however, a constant stream of numbers has been released. Unless otherwise stated, the following figures represent the world population.

Life expectancy

  • Global life expectancy was 72 years in 2016, compared to 66.5 Years in 2000
  • The 5.5-year increase in global life expectancy between 2000 and 2016 was the fastest increase since the 1960s, reversing the decline of the 1990s caused by AIDS in Africa and the overthrow of the Soviet Union ,
  • But life expectancy has been a tick in the US for three years: in 2014 it was 78.9; 78.8 in 2015; 78.7 in 2016; and an increase in deaths from opioids and suicide is a possible reason for the trend.
  • The infant mortality rate for children under the age of five has fallen from 216 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1950; to 93 deaths per 1,000 births in 1990; up to 40.5 deaths per 1,000 in 2016; and most recently 39.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017.

Health Care

HIV / AIDS

  • 36.9 million people were living with HIV in 2017.
  • 940,000 people died of AIDS in 2017
  • Since the 1981 epidemic was identified, 35.4 million people have died of AIDS.

Ebola

  • 11,325 people died of Ebola in the epidemic of 2014-2016 in West Africa.
  • As of December 23, there have been 347 deaths in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the current Ebola outbreak.

Air Quality

Murder

  • Around 385,000 people were murdered in 2017 around the world.

Hunger

  • About 821 million people around the world did not get enough food in 2017. This resulted in malnutrition and around 151 million children under the age of five had stunted growth due to malnutrition.
  • An estimated 1.9 billion adults were overweight or obese in 2016. 41 million children under the age of five are overweight or obese.

Cholera

Immunizations

  • The total vaccination rate for childhood diseases in 2017: 85 percent. This number has remained constant for several years.
  • In 2017, approximately 100,000 children in the United States under the age of two or 1.3 percent of children at that age were not vaccinated against serious illnesses such as measles and whooping cough.
  • The percentage of unvaccinated children in the US quadrupled compared to 0.3 percent in 2001 – shortly after the distribution of flawed and rebutted reports that vaccines cause autism.

Polio

  • The number of cases of polio was 29th worldwide on December 25, 2018 compared to 22 in 2017. In 1988, there were an estimated 350,000 cases worldwide.
  • A mysterious, polioous condition known as acute flaccid myelitis, which paralyzes patients, mainly children, appeared in the United States in 2014 with 120 confirmed cases from August to December. There were 22 confirmed cases in 2015, 149 confirmed cases in 2016, 35 confirmed cases in 2017 and 182 cases on 21 December 2018.

Guinea Worm

  • In 1986, the Guinea worm disease causes one Disabling Disease Painful lesions affected approximately 3.5 million people in Africa and Asia. As of 1 October 2018, 25 cases of Guinea worm disease were reported worldwide: 1 in Angola; 14 in Chad and 10 in South Sudan. An obstacle to complete elimination: The worm can circulate in dogs.

Mystery Disease

  • Number of cases of disease X: Zero. But that does not mean that the World Health Organization does not care about it. They use the term "disease X" to refer to a pathogen, "pathogen whose cause is previously unknown, to cause a human disease", but this has the potential to one day trigger a fatal pandemic.

She is the author of The Fourth Trimester and co-author of A Change of Heart.


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